plunge


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to plunge: plunge grinding

plunge

 (plŭnj)
v. plunged, plung·ing, plung·es
v.intr.
1.
a. To dive, jump, or throw oneself: We plunged into the lake.
b. To fall rapidly: The car went off the road and plunged into the gully.
2. To devote oneself to or undertake an activity earnestly or wholeheartedly: I plunged into my studies. She plunged ahead with her plan.
3. To enter or move headlong through something: The hunting dogs plunged into the forest.
4. To slope steeply downward: a cliff that plunges to the sea.
5. To move forward and downward violently: The ship plunged through rough seas.
6. To become suddenly lower; decrease dramatically: Stock prices plunged during the banking crisis.
v.tr.
1. To thrust or throw forcefully into a substance or place: plunged the eggs into the hot water; plunged the fork into the potato.
2. To cast suddenly, violently, or deeply into a given state or situation: "The street was plunged in cool shadow" (Richard Wright).
3. To use a plunger to try to unblock (a drain, for example).
n.
1. The act or an instance of plunging: a plunge off the dock.
2. A swim; a dip.
3. A sudden or dramatic decline: a plunge in prices.
Idiom:
take the plunge Informal
To begin an unfamiliar venture, especially after hesitating: After a three-year engagement, they're finally taking the plunge.

[Middle English plungen, from Old French plongier, from Vulgar Latin *plumbicāre, to heave a sounding lead, from Latin plumbum, lead.]

plunge

(plʌndʒ)
vb
1. (usually foll by into) to thrust or throw (something, oneself, etc): they plunged into the sea.
2. to throw or be thrown into a certain state or condition: the room was plunged into darkness.
3. (usually foll by into) to involve or become involved deeply (in): he plunged himself into a course of Sanskrit.
4. (intr) to move or dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity
5. (intr) to descend very suddenly or steeply: the ship plunged in heavy seas; a plunging neckline.
6. (intr) informal to speculate or gamble recklessly, for high stakes, etc
n
7. a leap or dive as into water
8. informal a swim; dip
9. chiefly US a place where one can swim or dive, such as a swimming pool
10. a headlong rush: a plunge for the exit.
11. a pitching or tossing motion
12. take the plunge informal
a. to resolve to do something dangerous or irrevocable
b. to get married
[C14: from Old French plongier, from Vulgar Latin plumbicāre (unattested) to sound with a plummet, from Latin plumbum lead]

plunge

(plʌndʒ)

v. plunged, plung•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to cast or thrust forcibly or suddenly into something: to plunge a dagger into one's heart.
2. to bring suddenly or forcibly into some condition, situation, etc.: to plunge a house into darkness.
v.i.
3. to cast oneself, or fall as if cast, into water, from a great height, etc.; plummet.
4. to rush or dash with headlong haste: to plunge through a crowd.
5. to bet or speculate recklessly.
6. to throw oneself impetuously or abruptly into some condition or situation: to plunge into debt.
7. to descend abruptly or precipitously, as a cliff or road.
8. to pitch violently forward, as a ship.
n.
9. the act of plunging.
10. a leap or dive, as into water.
11. a headlong or impetuous rush or dash.
12. a sudden, violent pitching movement.
Idioms:
take the plunge, to enter upon a course of action, esp. after hesitation.
[1325–75; Middle English < Middle French plung(i)er « Vulgar Latin *plumbicāre to heave the lead. See plumb]
syn: See dip1.

plunge

  • emergency - Comes from Latin emergere (e-, "from," and mergere, "to dip, plunge") and first meant "unforeseen occurrence."
  • merge - From Latin mergere, "dip, plunge," it first meant "immerse (oneself)."
  • dunk - Came from Pennsylvania/German dunke, "dip," from German tunken, "dip or plunge."
  • plounce - To plunge into liquid.

plunge


Past participle: plunged
Gerund: plunging

Imperative
plunge
plunge
Present
I plunge
you plunge
he/she/it plunges
we plunge
you plunge
they plunge
Preterite
I plunged
you plunged
he/she/it plunged
we plunged
you plunged
they plunged
Present Continuous
I am plunging
you are plunging
he/she/it is plunging
we are plunging
you are plunging
they are plunging
Present Perfect
I have plunged
you have plunged
he/she/it has plunged
we have plunged
you have plunged
they have plunged
Past Continuous
I was plunging
you were plunging
he/she/it was plunging
we were plunging
you were plunging
they were plunging
Past Perfect
I had plunged
you had plunged
he/she/it had plunged
we had plunged
you had plunged
they had plunged
Future
I will plunge
you will plunge
he/she/it will plunge
we will plunge
you will plunge
they will plunge
Future Perfect
I will have plunged
you will have plunged
he/she/it will have plunged
we will have plunged
you will have plunged
they will have plunged
Future Continuous
I will be plunging
you will be plunging
he/she/it will be plunging
we will be plunging
you will be plunging
they will be plunging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been plunging
you have been plunging
he/she/it has been plunging
we have been plunging
you have been plunging
they have been plunging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been plunging
you will have been plunging
he/she/it will have been plunging
we will have been plunging
you will have been plunging
they will have been plunging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been plunging
you had been plunging
he/she/it had been plunging
we had been plunging
you had been plunging
they had been plunging
Conditional
I would plunge
you would plunge
he/she/it would plunge
we would plunge
you would plunge
they would plunge
Past Conditional
I would have plunged
you would have plunged
he/she/it would have plunged
we would have plunged
you would have plunged
they would have plunged

plunge

A method of protecting the roots of container plants over winter by sinking the pot rim-deep in sand or peat.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plunge - a brief swim in waterplunge - a brief swim in water    
swim, swimming - the act of swimming; "it was the swimming they enjoyed most": "they took a short swim in the pool"
2.plunge - a steep and rapid fall
drop, fall - a free and rapid descent by the force of gravity; "it was a miracle that he survived the drop from that height"
Verb1.plunge - thrust or throw into; "Immerse yourself in hot water"
penetrate, perforate - pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance; "The bullet penetrated her chest"
dip, dunk, souse, douse, plunge - immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate; "dip the garment into the cleaning solution"; "dip the brush into the paint"
dip - plunge (one's hand or a receptacle) into a container; "He dipped into his pocket"
dip - immerse in a disinfectant solution; "dip the sheep"
submerse, submerge - put under water; "submerge your head completely"
soak - submerge in a liquid; "I soaked in the hot tub for an hour"
sheathe - plunge or bury (a knife or sword) in flesh
2.plunge - drop steeply; "the stock market plunged"
power-dive - make a power dive; "The airplane power-dived"
nosedive - plunge nose first; drop with the nose or front first, of aircraft
duck - submerge or plunge suddenly
crash-dive - descend steeply and rapidly
chute, parachute, jump - jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute
come down, descend, go down, fall - move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way; "The temperature is going down"; "The barometer is falling"; "The curtain fell on the diva"; "Her hand went up and then fell again"
dump, plunge - fall abruptly; "It plunged to the bottom of the well"
3.plunge - dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity; "She plunged at it eagerly"
launch, plunge - begin with vigor; "He launched into a long diatribe"; "She plunged into a dangerous adventure"
dash, scoot, scud, dart, flash, shoot - run or move very quickly or hastily; "She dashed into the yard"
4.plunge - begin with vigor; "He launched into a long diatribe"; "She plunged into a dangerous adventure"
begin, commence, set out, start, start out, set about, get down, get - take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; "We began working at dawn"; "Who will start?"; "Get working as soon as the sun rises!"; "The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia"; "He began early in the day"; "Let's get down to work now"
plunge - dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity; "She plunged at it eagerly"
5.plunge - cause to be immersed; "The professor plunged his students into the study of the Italian text"
engross, engulf, steep, soak up, immerse, absorb, plunge - devote (oneself) fully to; "He immersed himself into his studies"
6.plunge - fall abruptly; "It plunged to the bottom of the well"
dive, plunge, plunk - drop steeply; "the stock market plunged"
drop - to fall vertically; "the bombs are dropping on enemy targets"
7.plunge - immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate; "dip the garment into the cleaning solution"; "dip the brush into the paint"
sop - dip into liquid; "sop bread into the sauce"
immerse, plunge - thrust or throw into; "Immerse yourself in hot water"
douse, duck, dip - dip into a liquid; "He dipped into the pool"
dabble - dip a foot or hand briefly into a liquid
8.plunge - devote (oneself) fully to; "He immersed himself into his studies"
immerse, plunge - cause to be immersed; "The professor plunged his students into the study of the Italian text"
focus, pore, rivet, center, centre, concentrate - direct one's attention on something; "Please focus on your studies and not on your hobbies"
drink in, drink - be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; "The mother drinks in every word of her son on the stage"

plunge

verb
1. descend, fall, drop, crash, pitch, sink, go down, dive, tumble, plummet, nose-dive 50 people died when a bus plunged into a river.
2. hurtle, charge, career, jump, tear, rush, dive, dash, swoop, lurch I plunged forward, calling her name.
3. stab, push, stick, sink, thrust, jab A soldier plunged a bayonet into his body.
4. submerge, sink, duck, dip, immerse, douse, dunk She plunged her face into a bowl of cold water.
5. throw, cast, pitch, propel conflicts which threaten to plunge the country into chaos
6. fall steeply, drop, crash (informal), go down, slump, plummet, take a nosedive (informal) Net profits plunged 73% last year.
noun
1. dive, jump, duck, swoop, descent, immersion, submersion a refreshing plunge into cold water
2. fall, crash (informal), slump, drop, tumble the stock market plunge
take the plunge commit yourself, go for it, go all out, throw caution to the wind, jump in at the deep end (informal), give it your all She decided to take the plunge and expand her business.

plunge

verb
1. To move or thrust at, under, or into the midst of with sudden force:
dive, lunge, wade in (or into).
2. To cause to penetrate with force:
3. To come to the ground suddenly and involuntarily:
Idiom: take a fall.
4. To move or advance against strong resistance:
5. To undergo a sharp, rapid descent in value or price:
Idiom: take a sudden downtrend.
noun
1. The act of plunging suddenly downward into or as if into water:
Informal: header.
2. A sudden involuntary drop to the ground:
Informal: header.
3. A usually swift downward trend, as in prices:
4. The act of swimming:
Translations
غَطْسَهيَزُجُّ، يَدْفَعيَغْطُسُيَغْطُس، يَرْتَمي
vrhnout seskočitskokvnořitvrazit
hovedspringstikkestyrte
syöksyä
pasti
belevágvízbe ugrás
dÿfareka á kaf ístinga sér
突っ込む
뛰어들다
kanalizacinė pompanardymasnėrimaspasinėrimasžengti ryžtingą žingsnį
iedzītiegremdēšanāsiegrimtiegrūstieniršana
zaboriť
skočitizasaditi
störta sig
พุ่งไปอย่างรวดเร็ว
lao xuống

plunge

[plʌndʒ]
A. N
1. (= dive) (from bank etc) → salto m; (under water) → zambullida f; (by professional diver) → inmersión f; (= bathe) → baño m
the diver rested after each plungeel buzo descansaba después de cada inmersión
he had a plunge before breakfastse fue a bañar antes de desayunar
2. (fig) [of currency etc] → caída f repentina, desplome m
to take the plungeaventurarse, dar el paso decisivo (hum) (= get married) → decidir casarse
I took the plunge and bought itme armé de valor y lo compré
3. (= rash investment) → inversión f arriesgada
B. VT
1. (= immerse) → sumergir, hundir (into en) he plunged his hands into the waterhundió las manos en el agua
2. (= thrust) → arrojar
he plunged his hand into his pocketmetió la mano bien dentro del bolsillo
to plunge a dagger into sb's chestclavar un puñal en el pecho de algn
3. (fig) to plunge a room into darknesssumir un cuarto en la oscuridad
New York was suddenly plunged into darknessNueva York se encontró de repente sumida en la oscuridad
we were plunged into gloom by the newsla noticia nos hundió en la tristeza
to plunge sb into debtarruinar a algn
C. VI
1. (= dive) → arrojarse, tirarse; (into water) → lanzarse, zambullirse
then the submarine plungedluego el submarino se sumergió
she plunged into ten metres of waterse zambulló en diez metros de agua
2. (= fall) → caer, hundirse; [road, cliff] → precipitarse
he plunged to his deathtuvo una caída mortal
he plunged from a fifth storey window (= threw himself) → se arrojó desde una ventana del quinto piso; (= fell) → cayó desde una ventana del quinto piso
the aircraft plunged into the sea off Doverel avión cayó al or se precipitó en el mar a la altura de Dover
3. [ship] → cabecear; [horse] → corcovear
4. [share prices, currency etc] → desplomarse
to plunge into debtsumirse en un mar de deudas
5. (fig) (= rush) → lanzarse, precipitarse
to plunge forwardprecipitarse hacia adelante
to plunge into one's worksumirse en el trabajo
to plunge heedlessly into dangermeterse alegremente en un peligro
he plunged into a monologue on Platose puso a soltar or emprendió un monólogo sobre Platón
plunge in
A. VT + ADV [+ head, hands] (= immerse) → sumergir, hundir; (= thrust) → hundir
B. VI + ADV
1. (into water) → zambullirse
2. (fig) (= rush) → lanzarse

plunge

[ˈplʌndʒ]
n
(= fall) [person] → plongeon m
(in rates, prices)chute f
the plunge in interest rates → la chute des taux d'intérêt
Prices started a downward plunge
BUT Les prix ont commencé à chuter.
to take the plunge (fig)se jeter à l'eau
vt
(= immerse) → plonger
to plunge sth into sth [+ knife, hand] → plonger qch dans qch
to plunge o.s.into sth [+ activity]
He plunged himself into his work → Il s'est plongé dans son travail.
to be plunged into darkness [room] → être plongé(e) dans l'obscurité
to be plunged into chaos → être en proie à la plus grande confusion
to be plunged into war → être en proie à la guerre
vi
(= fall) (accidentally) [person, car, plane] → tomber, dégringoler
to plunge into sth → tomber dans qch
The car plunged into the river → La voiture est tombée dans la rivière.
(= dive) → plonger
to plunge into sth → plonger dans qch
They plunged into the pool together → Ils ont plongé ensemble dans la piscine.
[weight, currency, profits] → chuter
to plunge into recession [economy] → entrer en récession
to plunge to [+ low point, level] → tomber à
plunge down
vt fus [+ slope, embankment, ravine] → dégringolerplunge pool n (in sauna)bassin m

plunge

vt
(= thrust)stecken; (into water etc) → tauchen; he plunged the knife into his victim’s backer jagte seinem Opfer das Messer in den Rücken; to plunge one’s hand into somethingseine Hand tief in etw (acc)(hinein)stecken; he plunged his hands into his pocketser vergrub seine Hände in den Taschen
(fig) to plunge the country into war/debtdas Land in einen Krieg/in Schulden stürzen; the room was plunged into darknessdas Zimmer war in Dunkelheit getaucht; we were plunged into darknesstiefe Dunkelheit umfing uns; he was plunged into despair by the newsdie Nachricht stürzte ihn in tiefe Verzweiflung
vi
(= dive)tauchen; (goalkeeper)sich werfen, hechten
(= rush: esp downward) → stürzen; to plunge down the stairsdie Treppe hinunterstürzen; to plunge to one’s deathzu Tode stürzen; he plunged into/through the crowder stürzte sich in/wühlte sich durch die Massen; the road plunged down the hilldie Straße fiel steil ab
(share prices, currency etc)stürzen, stark fallen; sales have plunged by 24%die Verkaufszahlen sind um 24% gefallen
(fig) (into debate, studies, preparations, debt) → sich stürzen (→ into in +acc); (into recession) → stürzen (→ into in +acc)
(= dip) (horse)bocken; (ship)stampfen
(neckline)fallen; the dress plunges at the backdas Kleid ist hinten tief ausgeschnitten
(= speculate rashly)sich verspekulieren
vr (into studies, job etc) → sich stürzen (→ into in +acc)
n
(= dive)(Kopf)sprung m, → Köpper m (inf); (of goalkeeper)Hechtsprung m; he enjoys a quick plunge before breakfastvor dem Frühstück schwimmt er gern eine Runde; to take the plunge (fig inf)den Sprung wagen
(= downward movement)Sturz m
(fig: into debt, despair etc, of shares, currency etc) → Sturz m; a downward plungeein Absturz m; his plunge into debt began when his business collapsednach dem Bankrott seines Geschäftes stürzte er sich in Schulden; shares took a plunge after the government’s announcementnach der Ankündigung der Regierung kam es zu einem Kurssturz; a plunge in the value of the poundein Kurssturz mdes Pfunds
(= rash investment)Fehlspekulation f

plunge

[plʌndʒ]
1. n (dive) → tuffo (fig) (into debt, of currency) → caduta
to take the plunge (fig) → buttarsi, saltare il fosso, fare il gran passo
2. vt
a. (immerse) → immergere, tuffare; (thrust, knife) → conficcare; (hand) → ficcare, tuffare
to plunge a dagger into sb's chest → conficcare un pugnale nel petto di qn
b. (fig) to plunge a room into darknessfar piombare una stanza nel buio
we were plunged into gloom by the news → la notizia ci ha gettato nella costernazione
to plunge sb into debt → precipitare qn nei debiti
3. vi
a. (dive) → tuffarsi
b. (fall) → precipitare, cadere
he plunged to his death → ha fatto una caduta mortale
c. (share prices, currency) → calare precipitosamente
to plunge into debt → riempirsi di debiti
d. (fig) (rush) he plunged into trade union activitessi buttò anima e corpo in attività sindicali
to plunge heedlessly into danger → buttarsi allo sbaraglio

plunge

(plandʒ) verb
1. to throw oneself down (into deep water etc); to dive. He plunged into the river.
2. to push (something) violently or suddenly into. He plunged a knife into the meat.
noun
an act of plunging; a dive. He took a plunge into the pool.
ˈplunger noun
an instrument for clearing blocked pipes etc by suction.
take the plunge
to (decide to) start doing something new or difficult.

plunge

يَغْطُسُ vrhnout se styrte eintauchen βυθίζω zambullirse syöksyä plonger pasti tuffarsi 突っ込む 뛰어들다 storten dykk zanurzyć mergulhar погружать(ся) störta sig พุ่งไปอย่างรวดเร็ว hızla atlamak lao xuống 跳进
References in classic literature ?
Northbury her model, Jo rashly took a plunge into the frothy sea of sensational literature, but thanks to the life preserver thrown her by a friend, she came up again not much the worse for her ducking.
The savage struggled powerfully to gain the point of safety, and, favored by the glancing water, he was already stretching forth an arm to meet the grasp of his companions, when he shot away again with the shirling current, appeared to rise into the air, with uplifted arms and starting eyeballs, and fell, with a sudden plunge, into that deep and yawning abyss over which he hovered.
Christie gave a little cry--her heart had bounded with him; it seemed as if his plunge had splashed the water in her eyes.
At last, after creeping, as it were, for such a length of time along the utmost verge of the opaque puddle of obscurity, they had taken that downright plunge which, sooner or later, is the destiny of all families, whether princely or plebeian.
And may she feel, too -- what, methinks, is the very truth -- that this boon was meant, above all things else, to keep the mother's soul alive, and to preserve her from blacker depths of sin into which Satan might else have sought to plunge her
Ichabod, whose fears increased with the delay, jerked the reins on the other side, and kicked lustily with the contrary foot: it was all in vain; his steed started, it is true, but it was only to plunge to the opposite side of the road into a thicket of brambles and alder-bushes.
I find that I really hang back; but I must take my plunge.
Fifth: As in the ordinary floating posture of the leviathan the flukes lie considerably below the level of his back, they are then completely out of sight beneath the surface; but when he is about to plunge into the deeps, his entire flukes with at least thirty feet of his body are tossed erect in the air, and so remain vibrating a moment, till they downwards shoot out of view.
I felt my whole spirit set against him, and I began to kick, and plunge, and rear as I had never done before, and we had a regular fight; for a long time he stuck to the saddle and punished me cruelly with his whip and spurs, but my blood was thoroughly up, and I cared for nothing he could do if only I could get him off.
The person entering would have to summon his courage as for a cold-water plunge.
At last, with a square plunge, which puts all on to their feet and then down into their seats with incredible quickness, the carriage stops,--and, after much outside commotion, Cudjoe appears at the door.
This man found that from his first effort down to his latest, he couldn't ever come within reach of the king, but the king was ready to plunge for him, and did it.