plural


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plural

Plurals of nouns are used to indicate when there is more than one person, place, animal, or thing.
The normal method for making nouns plural is to add an “-s” at the end of the noun.
If a noun ends in “-s,” “-x,” “-z,” or with a cluster of consonants, such as “-sh”, “-ch”, or “-tch” (as in “watch”), we add “-es” to render it plural.
When the noun ends in a “-y” and it is preceded by a consonant, we change “y” to “i” and add “-es.”
However, when a word ends in a “-y” preceded by a vowel, then we simply add an “-s” as usual.
There are some nouns that are irregular. They do not adhere to spelling rules, and so these need to be memorized.
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plu·ral

 (plo͝or′əl)
adj.
1. Relating to or composed of more than one member, set, or kind: the plural meanings of a text; a plural society.
2. Grammar Of or being a grammatical form that designates more than one of the things specified.
n. Grammar
1. The plural number or form.
2. A word or term in the plural form.

[Middle English plurel, from Old French, from Latin plūrālis, from plūs, plūr-, more; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

plu′ral·ly adv.
Our Living Language In English, plurals of nouns are normally indicated by the ending -s or -es, or in a few cases by -en, as in children and oxen. Some vernacular varieties of English do not use plural endings in measurement phrases such as three mile and ten pound. This zero plural has a long history and was not formerly as socially stigmatized as it is today. It appears in literary works dating from the Middle English period to the present day, including works of dialect writers, such as this example from Mark Twain's Huck Finn: "The nearest white settlement warnt nearer nor four mile." · In adjectival constructions even Standard English has no -s plural: a five-pound box of candy is acceptable, whereas a five-pounds box is not. These adjective phrases derive from an -a suffix in Old English that marked plural adjectives. This ending has long since fallen away, leaving behind the unmarked root forms. · The absence of -s in the plural form of animal names (hunting for bear, a herd of buffalo) probably arose by analogy with animals like deer and sheep whose plurals have been unmarked since the earliest beginnings of the English language. See Note at foot

plural

(ˈplʊərəl)
adj
1. containing, involving, or composed of more than one person, thing, item, etc: a plural society.
2. (Linguistics) denoting a word indicating that more than one referent is being referred to or described
n
(Grammar) grammar
a. the plural number
b. a plural form
[C14: from Old French plurel, from Late Latin plūrālis concerning many, from Latin plūs more]
ˈplurally adv

plu•ral

(ˈplʊər əl)

adj.
1. pertaining to or involving more than one.
2. pertaining to or involving a plurality of persons or things.
3. of or belonging to the grammatical category of number used to indicate that a word has more than one referent, as children or them, or in some languages more than two referents, as Old English ge “you.”
n.
4. the plural number.
5. a word or other form in the plural. Abbr.: pl.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin plūrālis=plūr-, s. of plūs plus + -alis -al1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plural - the form of a word that is used to denote more than one
relation - (usually plural) mutual dealings or connections among persons or groups; "international relations"
flying colors, flying colours - complete success; "they passed inspection with flying colors"
wings - a means of flight or ascent; "necessity lends wings to inspiration"
ambages - (archaic) roundabout or mysterious ways of action
innings - the batting turn of a cricket player or team
sweepstakes - a lottery in which the prize consists of the money paid by the participants
craps - a gambling game played with two dice; a first throw of 7 or 11 wins and a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses and a first throw of any other number must be repeated to win before a 7 is thrown, which loses the bet and the dice
high jinks, high jinx, hijinks, jinks - noisy and mischievous merrymaking
Ludi Saeculares, secular games - the centennial rites and games of ancient Rome that marked the commencement of a new generation (100 years representing the longest life in a generation); observances may have begun as early as the 5th century BC and lasted well into the Christian era
heroics - ostentatious or vainglorious or extravagant or melodramatic conduct; "heroics are for those epic films they make in Hollywood"
deeds, works - performance of moral or religious acts; "salvation by deeds"; "the reward for good works"
services - performance of duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others; "the mayor tried to maintain city services"; "the medical services are excellent"
calisthenics, callisthenics - light exercises designed to promote general fitness; "several different calisthenics were illustrated in the video"
hustings - the activities involved in political campaigning (especially speech making)
arts and crafts - the arts of decorative design and handicraft; "they sponsored arts and crafts in order to encourage craftsmanship in an age of mass production"
contretemps - an awkward clash; "he tried to smooth over his contretemps with the policeman"
last rites - rites performed in connection with a death or burial
devotion - (usually plural) religious observance or prayers (usually spoken silently); "he returned to his devotions"
Stations, Stations of the Cross - (Roman Catholic Church) a devotion consisting of fourteen prayers said before a series of fourteen pictures or carvings representing successive incidents during Jesus' passage from Pilate's house to his crucifixion at Calvary
round - (often plural) a series of professional calls (usually in a set order); "the doctor goes on his rounds first thing every morning"; "the postman's rounds"; "we enjoyed our round of the local bars"
alms - money or goods contributed to the poor
operations, trading operations - financial transactions at a brokerage; having to do with the execution of trades and keeping customer records
swaddling clothes - restrictions placed on the immature
dirty tricks - underhand commercial or political behavior designed to discredit an opponent
last respects - the act of expressing respect for someone who has died; "he paid his last respects by standing quietly at the graveside"
props - proper respect; "I have to give my props to the governor for the way he handled the problem"
appointment, fitting - (usually plural) furnishings and equipment (especially for a ship or hotel)
Augean stables - (Greek mythology) the extremely dirty stables that were finally cleaned by Hercules who diverted two rivers through them
backstairs - a second staircase at the rear of a building
staple, basic - (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant
bath salts - a preparation that softens or scents a bath
bedspring - (usually plural) one of the springs holding up the mattress of a bed
bellbottom pants, bellbottom trousers, bell-bottoms - trousers with legs that flare; worn by sailors; absurdly wide hems were fashionable in the 1960s
bellows - a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air; used to make a fire burn more fiercely or to sound a musical instrument
Bermuda shorts, Jamaica shorts - short pants that end at the knee
bikini pants - small and tight-fitting underpants; worn by women
binoculars, field glasses, opera glasses - an optical instrument designed for simultaneous use by both eyes
bleachers - an outdoor grandstand without a roof; patrons are exposed to the sun as linens are when they are bleached
bloomers, pants, drawers, knickers - underpants worn by women; "she was afraid that her bloomers might have been showing"
boards - the boarding that surrounds an ice hockey rink
boards - the stage of a theater; "most actors love to stride the boards"
bones, castanets, clappers, finger cymbals - a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
singular, singular form - the form of a word that is used to denote a singleton
Adj.1.plural - composed of more than one member, set, or kind
singular - composed of one member, set, or kind
2.plural - grammatical number category referring to two or more items or units
singular - grammatical number category referring to a single item or unit
Translations
جَمْعصيغَة الجَمْع
množné číslomnožný
flertalsformflertal
monikko
množinaplural
többes
fleirtala
複数
복수
pluralis
daugiskaita
daudzskaitlis
množné čísloplurál
množina
pluralpluralisflertal
พหูพจน์
số nhiều

plural

[ˈplʊərəl]
A. ADJplural
the plural form of the nounla forma del sustantivo en plural
B. Nplural m
in the pluralen (el) plural

plural

[ˈplʊərəl]
adj [noun, pronoun, form] → pluriel(le)
npluriel m

plural

adj
(Gram) → Plural-, Mehrzahl-; plural endingPlural- or Mehrzahlendung f
(= diverse, pluralistic) society, systempluralistisch
nPlural m, → Mehrzahl f; in the pluralim Plural, in der Mehrzahl

plural

[ˈplʊərl]
1. adj (Gram) (form) → plurale, del plurale; (noun, verb) → plurale, al plurale
2. n (Gram) → plurale m
in the plural → al plurale

plural

(ˈpluərəl) noun, adjective
(in) the form of a word which expresses more than one. `Mice' is the plural of `mouse'; a plural noun/verb; Is the verb in the singular or the plural?

plural

جَمْع množné číslo flertalsform Plural πληθυντικός plural monikko pluriel množina plurale 複数 복수 meervoudsvorm flertallsform liczba mnoga plural множественное число plural พหูพจน์ çoğul số nhiều 复数

plural

a. gr. plural, más de uno en número.
References in classic literature ?
So, as an added E often signifies the plural, as the S does with us, the new student is likely to go on for a month making twins out of a Dative dog before he discovers his mistake; and on the other hand, many a new student who could ill afford loss, has bought and paid for two dogs and only got one of them, because he ignorantly bought that dog in the Dative singular when he really supposed he was talking plural--which left the law on the seller's side, of course, by the strict rules of grammar, and therefore a suit for recovery could not lie.
Poor Dolly's exposition of her simple Raveloe theology fell rather unmeaningly on Silas's ears, for there was no word in it that could rouse a memory of what he had known as religion, and his comprehension was quite baffled by the plural pronoun, which was no heresy of Dolly's, but only her way of avoiding a presumptuous familiarity.
Whenever he spoke of his house he always said "we", and spoke almost in the plural, like a king speaking.
156} Lower down (line 143) Euryclea says it was herself that had thrown the cloak over Ulysses--for the plural should not be taken as implying more than one person.
Not the less does nature continue to fill the heart of youth with suggestions of this enthusiasm, and there are now men,--if indeed I can speak in the plural number,--more exactly, I will say, I have just been conversing with one man, to whom no weight of adverse experience will make it for a moment appear impossible that thousands of human beings might exercise towards each other the grandest and simplest sentiments, as well as a knot of friends, or a pair of lovers.
Yes, above all in the plural, seeing that then it rhymes not with three letters, but with four; as
Lidi, by the way, is both the singular and plural form of the noun that describes the huge beasts of bur-den of the Thurians.
Miss Slowboy, in the mean time, who had a mechanical power of reproducing scraps of current conversation for the delectation of the baby, with all the sense struck out of them, and all the nouns changed into the plural number, inquired aloud of that young creature, Was it Gruffs and Tackletons the toymakers then, and Would it call at Pastry-cooks for wedding-cakes, and Did its mothers know the boxes when its fathers brought them homes; and so on.
that the word -- always in the plural -- shall mean "patronage" or
SOCRATES: Well then, for my own sake as well as for yours, I will do my very best; but I am afraid that I shall not be able to give you very many as good: and now, in your turn, you are to fulfil your promise, and tell me what virtue is in the universal; and do not make a singular into a plural, as the facetious say of those who break a thing, but deliver virtue to me whole and sound, and not broken into a number of pieces: I have given you the pattern.
You ought to speak of other States in the plural number; not one of them is a city, but many cities, as they say in the game.
Forgive me for coming, but I couldn't pass the day without seeing you," he went on, speaking French, as he always did to avoid using the stiff Russian plural form, so impossibly frigid between them, and the dangerously intimate singular.