plutonium


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Related to plutonium: plutonium 239

plu·to·ni·um

 (plo͞o-tō′nē-əm)
n. Symbol Pu
A radioactive, silvery, metallic transuranic element, occurring in uranium ores and produced artificially by neutron bombardment of uranium. Its longest-lived isotope is Pu-244 with a half-life of 80 million years. It is a radiological poison, specifically absorbed by bone marrow, and is used, especially the highly fissionable isotope Pu-239, as a reactor fuel and in nuclear weapons. Atomic number 94; melting point 640°C; boiling point 3,228°C; specific gravity 19.84 (25°C); valence 3, 4, 5, 6. See Periodic Table.

[After the dwarf planet Pluto (from the fact that it follows neptunium in the periodic table).]

plutonium

(pluːˈtəʊnɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a highly toxic metallic transuranic element. It occurs in trace amounts in uranium ores and is produced in a nuclear reactor by neutron bombardment of uranium-238. The most stable and important isotope, plutonium-239, readily undergoes fission and is used as a reactor fuel in nuclear power stations and in nuclear weapons. Symbol: Pu; atomic no: 94; half-life of 239Pu: 24 360 years; valency: 3, 4, 5, or 6; relative density (alpha modification): 19.84; melting pt: 640°C; boiling pt: 3230°C
[C20: named after the dwarf planet Pluto because Pluto lies beyond Neptune and plutonium was discovered soon after neptunium]

plu•to•ni•um

(pluˈtoʊ ni əm)

n.
a radioactive metallic transuranic element with a fissile isotope of mass number 239 that can be produced from nonfissile uranium 238. Symbol: Pu; at. no.: 94.
[1940–45; < Greek Ploútōn Pluto + -ium2]

plu·to·ni·um

(plo͞o-tō′nē-əm)
Symbol Pu A silvery, radioactive metallic element of the actinide series that has the highest atomic number of all naturally occurring elements. It can be found in minute amounts in uranium ores and is produced artificially by bombarding uranium with neutrons. It is absorbed by bone marrow and is highly poisonous. Plutonium is used in nuclear weapons and as a fuel in nuclear reactors. Its most stable isotope has a half-life of 76 million years. Atomic number 94. See Periodic Table.

plutonium

Element produced in large quantities by nuclear reactors; also used in nuclear weapons.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.plutonium - a solid silvery grey radioactive transuranic element whose atoms can be split when bombarded with neutronsplutonium - a solid silvery grey radioactive transuranic element whose atoms can be split when bombarded with neutrons; found in minute quantities in uranium ores but is usually synthesized in nuclear reactors; 13 isotopes are known with the most important being plutonium 239
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
plutonium 239 - a highly fissionable isotope of plutonium that is used in atomic weapons and as a reactor fuel; produced by irradiating uranium 238 with slow electrons
Translations
عُنْصُر إشْعاعي
плутоний
plutonium
plutonium
plutonio
plutoonium
plutonium
plutonij
plutónium
plútonplútóníum
プルトニウム
plutonium
plutonis
plutonijs
plutoniu
plutoniumplutónium
plutonij
plutonium
plütonyum
plutoni

plutonium

[pluːˈtəʊnɪəm] Nplutonio m

plutonium

[pluːˈtəʊniəm] nplutonium m

plutonium

nPlutonium nt

plutonium

[pluːˈtəʊnɪəm] nplutonio

plutonium

(pluːˈtəuniəm) noun
a radioactive element used in many nuclear processes.
References in periodicals archive ?
Japan already has tons of plutonium on hand and no use for it, with most of its reactor fleet still offline since the 2011 Fukushima disaster.
Richardson said the MOX facility, which is more than two-thirds complete, is vital to the United States keeping its side of the landmark Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA), which was signed in 2000 and amended in 2010.
These transfers essentially exchange ownership of plutonium between two countries, removing the need to physically move it.
TEHRAN - Iran's nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi said the unfinished Arak reactor could be modified to produce less plutonium in a bid to reassure the West, local media reported Thursday.
The Arak research reactor cannot produce plutonium that could be used to make an atomic bomb since the plutonium will remain in the reactor's core for a year," Salehi told the Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA).
The Khushab complex, located 200 km south of Islamabad is dedicated to the production of plutonium for nuclear weapons.
The North's plutonium reactor was shut down in 2007 as part of international nuclear disarmament talks which have since stalled.
The Federation of Electric Power Companies of Japan cannot meet the March 31 deadline because prospects remain unclear as to the resumption of the country's nuclear power reactors, including those that use fuel containing plutonium, in the wake of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi complex disaster, according to the sources.
The plutonium traces, which are too low to present a hazard to human health, were found at six spots far away from the plant's premises, The Japan Times reports.
Plutonium is a by-product of atomic reactions and also used in nuclear bombs.
excess weapon-grade plutonium from defense programs.
Over a third of the energy produced in most nuclear power plants comes from plutonium.