ply


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ply 1

 (plī)
tr.v. plied (plīd), ply·ing, plies (plīz)
1. To join together, as by molding or twisting.
2. To double over (cloth, for example).
n. pl. plies (plīz)
1. A layer, as of doubled-over cloth or of paperboard.
2. One of the sheets of wood glued together to form plywood.
3. A layer of rubber-coated fabric, often of nylon or polyester cords, forming the body of an automobile tire.
4. One of the strands twisted together to make yarn, rope, or thread. Often used in combination: three-ply cord.
5. A bias; an inclination.

[Middle English plien, from Old French plier, alteration of pleier, from Latin plicāre, to fold; see plek- in Indo-European roots.]

ply 2

 (plī)
v. plied (plīd), ply·ing, plies (plīz)
v.tr.
1. To use diligently; wield: ply a knitting needle.
2. To engage in diligently; practice: plied the carpenter's trade. See Synonyms at handle.
3. To traverse or sail over regularly: Trading ships plied the routes between coastal ports.
4. To continue offering something to (someone); ensure that (someone) is abundantly served: plied their guests with excellent food.
5. To ask questions or make requests of (someone) insistently.
v.intr.
1. To traverse a route or course regularly: The boat plies between the islands on a weekly schedule.
2. To perform or work diligently or regularly: plied at the weaver's trade for 20 years.
3. Nautical To work against the wind by a zigzag course; tack.

[Middle English plien, from applien, to apply; see apply.]

ply

(plaɪ)
vb (mainly tr) , plies, plying or plied
1. to carry on, pursue, or work at (a job, trade, etc)
2. to manipulate or wield (a tool)
3. to sell (goods, wares, etc), esp at a regular place
4. (usually foll by with) to provide (with) or subject (to) repeatedly or persistently: he plied us with drink the whole evening; to ply a horse with a whip; he plied the speaker with questions.
5. (intr) to perform or work steadily or diligently: to ply with a spade.
6. (Nautical Terms) (also intr) (esp of a ship) to travel regularly along (a route) or in (an area): to ply between Dover and Calais; to ply the trade routes.
[C14 plye, short for aplye to apply]

ply

(plaɪ)
n, pl plies
1.
a. a layer, fold, or thickness, as of cloth, wood, yarn, etc
b. (in combination): four-ply.
2. (Building) a thin sheet of wood glued to other similar sheets to form plywood
3. (Textiles) one of the strands twisted together to make rope, yarn, etc
vb (tr)
(Textiles) to twist together (two or more single strands) to make yarn
[C15: from Old French pli fold, from plier to fold, from Latin plicāre]

ply1

(plaɪ)

v. plied, ply•ing. v.t.
1. to work with diligently; employ busily; wield: to ply the needle.
2. to carry on, practice, or pursue busily or steadily: to ply a trade.
3. to assail repeatedly or persistently: to ply horses with a whip.
4. to supply or offer something pressingly to: to ply a person with drink.
5. to address persistently, as with questions; importune.
6. to pass over or along (a river, stream, etc.) steadily or regularly: boats plying the Mississippi.
v.i.
7. to run or travel regularly over a fixed course or between certain places, as a boat or bus.
8. to perform one's work or office busily or steadily: to ply with the oars.
[1300–50; Middle English plien, aph. variant of aplien to apply]

ply2

(plaɪ)

n., pl. plies.
1. a thickness or layer.
2. a layer of reinforcing fabric for an automobile tire.
3. a unit of yarn: single ply.
4. one of the sheets of veneer glued together to make plywood.
5. bent, bias, or inclination.
[1300–50; Middle English plien < Middle French plier to fold, bend, variant of ployer, Old French pleier < Latin plicāre to fold; see fold1]

ply

- From Latin plicare, "fold," a thickness or any of the layers of a multilayer material, such as plywood.
See also related terms for layers.

ply


Past participle: plied
Gerund: plying

Imperative
ply
ply
Present
I ply
you ply
he/she/it plies
we ply
you ply
they ply
Preterite
I plied
you plied
he/she/it plied
we plied
you plied
they plied
Present Continuous
I am plying
you are plying
he/she/it is plying
we are plying
you are plying
they are plying
Present Perfect
I have plied
you have plied
he/she/it has plied
we have plied
you have plied
they have plied
Past Continuous
I was plying
you were plying
he/she/it was plying
we were plying
you were plying
they were plying
Past Perfect
I had plied
you had plied
he/she/it had plied
we had plied
you had plied
they had plied
Future
I will ply
you will ply
he/she/it will ply
we will ply
you will ply
they will ply
Future Perfect
I will have plied
you will have plied
he/she/it will have plied
we will have plied
you will have plied
they will have plied
Future Continuous
I will be plying
you will be plying
he/she/it will be plying
we will be plying
you will be plying
they will be plying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been plying
you have been plying
he/she/it has been plying
we have been plying
you have been plying
they have been plying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been plying
you will have been plying
he/she/it will have been plying
we will have been plying
you will have been plying
they will have been plying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been plying
you had been plying
he/she/it had been plying
we had been plying
you had been plying
they had been plying
Conditional
I would ply
you would ply
he/she/it would ply
we would ply
you would ply
they would ply
Past Conditional
I would have plied
you would have plied
he/she/it would have plied
we would have plied
you would have plied
they would have plied
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ply - one of the strands twisted together to make yarn or rope or thread; often used in combination; "three-ply cord"; "four-ply yarn"
strand - line consisting of a complex of fibers or filaments that are twisted together to form a thread or a rope or a cable
2.ply - (usually in combinations) one of several layers of cloth or paper or wood as in plywood
layer, bed - single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance; "slices of hard-boiled egg on a bed of spinach"
combining form - a bound form used only in compounds; "`hemato-' is a combining form in words like `hematology'"
Verb1.ply - give what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance; "The hostess provided lunch for all the guests"
staff - provide with staff; "This position is not always staffed"
drench - force to drink
regale, treat - provide with choice or abundant food or drink; "Don't worry about the expensive wine--I'm treating"; "She treated her houseguests with good food every night"
board - provide food and lodging (for); "The old lady is boarding three men"
feed, give - give food to; "Feed the starving children in India"; "don't give the child this tough meat"
feed - serve as food for; be the food for; "This dish feeds six"
dish, dish up, serve up, dish out, serve - provide (usually but not necessarily food); "We serve meals for the homeless"; "She dished out the soup at 8 P.M."; "The entertainers served up a lively show"
cater - supply food ready to eat; for parties and banquets
pimp, procure, pander - arrange for sexual partners for others
help, serve - help to some food; help with food or drink; "I served him three times, and after that he helped himself"
power - supply the force or power for the functioning of; "The gasoline powers the engines"
feed - provide as food; "Feed the guests the nuts"
pander, gratify, indulge - yield (to); give satisfaction to
underlay - provide with a base, support, lining, or backing; "underlay the boards with joists"
fulfil, fulfill, satisfy, meet, fill - fill or meet a want or need
horse - provide with a horse or horses
shower - provide abundantly with; "He showered her with presents"
accommodate - provide with something desired or needed; "Can you accommodate me with a rental car?"
nourish, nurture, sustain - provide with nourishment; "We sustained ourselves on bread and water"; "This kind of food is not nourishing for young children"
fix up - find (something or someone) for; "I'll fix you up with a nice girl"
gutter - provide with gutters; "gutter the buildings"
give - transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody; "I gave her my money"; "can you give me lessons?"; "She gave the children lots of love and tender loving care"
2.ply - apply oneself diligently; "Ply one's trade"
do, perform - get (something) done; "I did my job"
3.ply - travel a route regularly; "Ships ply the waters near the coast"
jaunt, travel, trip - make a trip for pleasure
black market, run - deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
4.ply - join together as by twisting, weaving, or molding; "ply fabric"
bring together, join - cause to become joined or linked; "join these two parts so that they fit together"
5.ply - wield vigorously; "ply an axe"
wield, handle, manage - handle effectively; "The burglar wielded an axe"; "The young violinist didn't manage her bow very well"
6.ply - use diligently; "ply your wits!"
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize - put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; "use your head!"; "we only use Spanish at home"; "I can't use this tool"; "Apply a magnetic field here"; "This thinking was applied to many projects"; "How do you utilize this tool?"; "I apply this rule to get good results"; "use the plastic bags to store the food"; "He doesn't know how to use a computer"

ply

1
verb
1. provide, supply, shower, lavish, regale Elsie plied her with food and drink.
2. bombard, press, harass, besiege, beset, assail, importune Giovanni plied him with questions.
3. work at, follow, exercise, pursue, carry on, practise streetmarkets with stallholders plying their trade
4. travel, go, ferry, shuttle The brightly-coloured boats ply between the islands.
5. use, handle, employ, swing, manipulate, wield, utilize With startling efficiency, the chef plied his knives.

ply

2
noun thickness, leaf, sheet, layer, fold, strand The plastic surfaces are covered with teak ply.

ply 1

verb
To bend together or make a crease in so that one part lies over another:

ply 2

verb
1. To use with or as if with the hands:
2. To bring to bear steadily or forcefully:
Translations
سُمْك، طَبَقَهيَسْتَعْمِل بِشِدَّهيَعْمَل ، يَشْتَغِل كَيُواصِل تَزْويد
dobře ovládatpramenprovozovatsílastále nalévat
bruge energiskforsyneudøve
iîka, vinna viîlagnota, beitaveita óspart
apgādātkārtarīkotiesšķiedrastrādāt, pūlēties
dobre ovládaťstále nalievať
çalışmakikrama boğmakkatkullanmaksürekli çalışmak

ply

[plaɪ]
A. VT
1. [+ needle, tool] → manejar, emplear; [+ oars] → emplear; [+ river, route] → navegar por (liter) [+ sea] → navegar por, surcar (liter)
to ply one's tradeejercer su profesión
2. to ply sb for informationimportunar a algn pidiéndole información
to ply sb with questionsacosar a algn con preguntas
to ply sb with drinkno parar de ofrecer de beber a algn
B. VI to ply betweenir y venir de
to ply for hireir en busca de clientes

ply

[ˈplaɪ]
n
(= plywood) → contreplaqué m
[wool] → fil m
[wood] → feuille f, épaisseur f
vt
[+ tool] → manier
[+ trade] → exercer
to ply one's trade → exercer son métier
to ply sb with drink → donner continuellement à boire à qn
He plied me with vodka all evening → Il m'a fait boire de la vodka toute la soirée.
to ply sb with food and drink
They plied us with food and drink → Ils nous offraient constamment à manger et à boire.
to ply sb with questions → bombarder qn de questions
vi
[ship] → faire la navette
to ply between ... and ... [ship, aircraft, vehicle] → faire la navette entre ... et ...
the ferry that plies between Dover and Boulogne → le ferry qui fait la navette entre Douvres et Boulogne three ply

ply

1
n three-ply (wood)dreischichtig; tissuesdreilagig; three-ply woolDreifachwolle f, → dreifädige Wolle; what ply is this wool?wievielfach ist diese Wolle?, wie viele Fäden hat diese Wolle?

ply

2
vt
(= work with, use) tool, brush etcgebrauchen, umgehen mit, führen; (= work busily with) tool, brush etcfleißig führen or umgehen mit
(= work at) tradeausüben, betreiben, nachgehen (+dat)
(ships) sea, river, routebefahren
to ply somebody with questionsjdn mit Fragen überhäufen; to ply somebody with drink(s)jdn immer wieder zum Trinken auffordern; she kept her guests well plied with drinkssie sorgte dafür, dass ihren Gästen die Getränke nicht ausgingen
vi (ship) to ply betweenverkehren zwischen; to ply for hireseine Dienste anbieten

ply

1 [plaɪ]
1. n (of wool) → capo; (of wood) → strato
2. adj three-ply woodcompensato a tre strati
three-ply wool → lana a tre capi

ply

2 [plaɪ]
1. vt (knitting needle, tool) → maneggiare; (sea, river, route) → viaggiare regolarmente su
to ply one's trade → esercitare il proprio mestiere
to ply sb with questions → continuare a far domande a qn
to ply sb with drink → continuare a offrir da bere a qn
2. vi to ply betweenfar la spola fra, fare servizio regolare fra
to ply for hire (taxi) → andare avanti e indietro in attesa di clienti

ply1

(plai) verb
1. an old word for to work at. He plies his trade as weaver.
2. to use (a tool etc) vigorously.
3. to keep supplying. They plied their guests with drink.

ply2

(plai) noun
a thickness, layer or strand, as in three-ply / two-ply wool.
ˈplywood noun, adjective
(of) a material made up of thin layers of wood glued together. a plywood box.
References in classic literature ?
And to ply them with that evil still, to keep up the work of demons, is what brings the others back.
The master is fre- quently compelled to sell this class of his slaves, out of deference to the feelings of his white wife; and, cruel as the deed may strike any one to be, for a man to sell his own children to human flesh-mongers, it is often the dictate of humanity for him to do so; for, unless he does this, he must not only whip them himself, but must stand by and see one white son tie up his brother, of but few shades darker com- plexion than himself, and ply the gory lash to his naked back; and if he lisp one word of disapproval, it is set down to his parental partiality, and only makes a bad matter worse, both for himself and the slave whom he would protect and defend.
Her mind took up the fragments, and formed another chain which attached itself to the lady who was kept in seclusion -- to the aunt, who looked well, and yet was nervous; who was nervous, and yet able to ply her needle and thread.
As when farr off at Sea a Fleet descri'd Hangs in the Clouds, by AEQUINOCTIAL Winds Close sailing from BENGALA, or the Iles Of TERNATE and TIDORE, whence Merchants bring Thir spicie Drugs: they on the trading Flood Through the wide ETHIOPIAN to the Cape Ply stemming nightly toward the Pole.
Meanwhile, the wind having changed we were compelled to head for the land, and ply our oars to avoid being driven on shore; but it was our good fortune to reach a creek that lies on one side of a small promontory or cape, called by the Moors that of the "Cava rumia," which in our language means "the wicked Christian woman;" for it is a tradition among them that La Cava, through whom Spain was lost, lies buried at that spot; "cava" in their language meaning "wicked woman," and "rumia" "Christian;" moreover, they count it unlucky to anchor there when necessity compels them, and they never do so otherwise.
Then some would leap and some would run and some try archery and some ply the quarter-staff and some fall to with the good broad sword.
The sea was incessantly ploughed by the steamers that ply between New York or Boston and the Gulf of Mexico, and overrun day and night by the little schooners coasting about the several parts of the American coast.
As soon as they passed the beacons, they began to ply to windward.
Around this opening the Indians station themselves on small rafts, and ply their spears with great success.
Observe her when she has some knitting, or some other woman's work in hand, and sits the image of peace, calmly intent on her needles and her silk, some discussion meantime going on around her, in the course of which peculiarities of character are being developed, or important interests canvassed; she takes no part in it; her humble, feminine mind is wholly with her knitting; none of her features move; she neither presumes to smile approval, nor frown disapprobation; her little hands assiduously ply their unpretending task; if she can only get this purse finished, or this bonnet-grec completed, it is enough for her.
It may be that you will have to ply the loom in Argos at the bidding of a mistress, or to fetch water from the springs Messeis or Hypereia, treated brutally by some cruel task-master; then will one say who sees you weeping, 'She was wife to Hector, the bravest warrior among the Trojans during the war before Ilius.
It was not, however, until he had drifted a great distance that he ventured to ply his oars, when he made his skiff dart like an arrow through the strait of Hell Gate, never heeding the danger of Pot, Frying Pan, nor Hog's Back itself, nor did he feel himself thoroughly secure until safely nestled in bed in the cockloft of the ancient farmhouse of the Suydams.