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Related to pneumothorax: Tension pneumothorax


 (no͞o′mō-thôr′ăks′, nyo͞o′-)
Accumulation of air or gas in the pleural cavity, occurring as a result of disease or injury, or sometimes induced to collapse the lung in the treatment of tuberculosis and other lung diseases.


1. (Pathology) the abnormal presence of air between the lung and the wall of the chest (pleural cavity), resulting in collapse of the lung
2. (Medicine) med the introduction of air into the pleural cavity to collapse the lung: a former treatment for tuberculosis


(ˌnu məˈθɔr æks, -ˈθoʊr-, ˌnyu-)

the presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pneumothorax - abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies


[ˌnjuːməʊˈθɔːræks] npneumotorace m


n. neumotórax, acumulación de aire o gas en la cavidad pleural que resulta en colapso del pulmón afectado;
spontaneous ______ espontáneo;
tension ______ por tensión.


n neumotórax m
References in periodicals archive ?
The cogent practitioner will understand that "Volutrauma" is a more accurate term for describing the pathogenesis of pneumothorax as a complication of mechanical ventilation and that ventilator-induced lung damage is more likely to occur when pre-existing acute lung injury is present.
After discharge from the hospital, 66% had no symptoms, whereas about one-third had at least one symptom, including pain/pleural effusion (23%), hemoptysis (5%), pneumopathy (3%), and pneumothorax (2%).
Furthermore, the signs and symptoms associated with coccidioidomycosis hydropneumothorax are nonspecific, and chest radiography may initially only show pneumothorax, as in our case, followed by pleural fluid collection on subsequent studies.
2) A chest x-ray should always be obtained in these cases because a pneumothorax would suggest a deeper origin than a break in the oropharyngeal mucosa.
Although the retrospective nature of this study prevents accurate analysis of these events, we hypothesise that capnothoraces associated with MHH repair have a different aetiology from other cases of laparoscopy-associated pneumothorax and are characterised by rapid onset and significant haemodynamic compromise.
Within a short space of time, the patient deteriorated due to tension pneumothorax threatening respiratory arrest.
Pleural abnormalities, including pleural effusions and pneumothorax, are common findings.
Residency program is liable for pneumothorax because it violated its own rules regarding supervision of procedures.
Between January 2000 and May 2006, 243 patients sustaining a pneumothorax, hemothorax, or a combination of the two and requiring thoracostomy tube placement were admitted to Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.
We believe there were significant failings - in particular the decisions to send Alan home while he still had both a chest infection and MRSA and then, when he was readmitted, to insert a Hickman line that inadvertently penetrated his right lung resulting in a pneumothorax or collapsed lung, which then filled with fluid, the failure of the chest drains to remove the fluid and the delays in seeking specialist advice from a thoracic surgeon.
However, this medial puncture technique is potentially responsible for increased risk of lead fracture, pneumothorax and hemothorax (6).