poison


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poi·son

 (poi′zən)
n.
1. A substance that causes injury, illness, or death, especially by chemical means.
2. Something destructive or fatal.
3. Chemistry A substance that inhibits another substance or a reaction: a catalyst poison.
tr.v. poi·soned, poi·son·ing, poi·sons
1. To kill or harm with poison.
2. To put poison on or into: poisoning arrows; poisoned the drink.
3.
a. To pollute: Noxious fumes poison the air. See Synonyms at contaminate.
b. To have a harmful influence on; corrupt: Jealousy poisoned their friendship.
4. Chemistry & Physics To inhibit (a substance or reaction).
adj.
Poisonous.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pōtiō, pōtiōn-, drink; see pō(i)- in Indo-European roots.]

poi′son·er n.

poison

(ˈpɔɪzən)
n
1. (Medicine) any substance that can impair function, cause structural damage, or otherwise injure the body.
2. something that destroys, corrupts, etc: the poison of fascism.
3. (Chemistry) a substance that retards a chemical reaction or destroys or inhibits the activity of a catalyst
4. (General Physics) a substance that absorbs neutrons in a nuclear reactor and thus slows down the reaction. It may be added deliberately or formed during fission
5. what's your poison? informal what would you like to drink?
vb (tr)
6. (Medicine) to give poison to (a person or animal) esp with intent to kill
7. to add poison to
8. to taint or infect with or as if with poison
9. (foll by against) to turn (a person's mind) against: he poisoned her mind against me.
10. (Chemistry) to retard or stop (a chemical or nuclear reaction) by the action of a poison
11. (Chemistry) to inhibit or destroy (the activity of a catalyst) by the action of a poison
[C13: from Old French puison potion, from Latin pōtiō a drink, esp a poisonous one, from pōtāre to drink]
ˈpoisoner n

poi•son

(ˈpɔɪ zən)

n.
1. a substance that has an inherent tendency to destroy life or impair health.
2. something harmful or pernicious, as to happiness or well-being.
v.t.
3. to administer poison to (a person or animal).
4. to kill or injure with or as if with poison.
5. to put poison into or upon; saturate with poison.
6. to ruin, vitiate, or corrupt: Hatred had poisoned their minds.
7. Chem. to destroy or diminish the activity of (a catalyst or enzyme).
adj.
8. poisonous: a poison shrub.
[1200–50; Middle English puisun < Old French < Latin pōtiōnem, acc. of pōtiō drink, potion]
poi′son•er, n.
syn: poison, toxin, venom are terms for any substance that injures the health or destroys life when absorbed into the system. poison is the general word: a poison for insects. A toxin is a poison produced by an organism; it is esp. used in medicine in reference to disease-causing bacterial secretions: A toxin produces diphtheria. venom is esp. used of the poisons injected by bite, sting, etc.: snake venom; bee venom.

poison

  • alexipharmic - Another word for an antidote, from Greek alexein, "ward off," and pharmakon, "poison."
  • toxic - Comes from Greek toxikon pharmakon, "poison for arrows," from toxon, "bow."
  • venom - Comes from Latin venenum, the love potion Venus used to attract people to each other—but later came to describe "poison."
  • virus - A Latin word meaning "poison" or "slimy liquid," it first meant "venom of a snake."

Poison

See also death; drugs; killing.

a remedy for or antidote against poison or infection. — alexipharmic, adj.
poisoning caused by atropine or belladonna.
a condition of chronic poisoning caused by excessive use of barbiturates.
a disease of the nervous system caused by botulin developments in spoiled foods eaten by animals and man; a variety of bacterial food poisoning.
a toxic condition caused by the misuse of the counterirritant and diuretic cantharides.
drunkenness or intoxication from alcohol, especially as an habitual state.
a condition in which the blood contains toxin from the intestines.
a condition caused by eating rye or some other grain infected with ergot fungus or by an overdose of an ergot medicinal agent.
an abnormal fear of poisons. Cf. toxiphobia.
mephitic or carbon dioxide poisoning. — mephitic, mephitical, adj.
the production of immunity against the action of a poison by consuming it regularly in gradually larger doses.
any of a variety of toxic conditions produced by poisonous mush-rooms. Also mycetismus.
chronic phosphorus poisoning.
an acute toxic condition caused by the absorption of lead into the body by skin contact, ingestion, or inhalation; lead poisoning. Also called saturnism.
a poisoning caused by exposure to radioactive plutonium.
excessive salivation, usually associated with chronic mercury poisoning.
a substance that kills rodents.
a toxic condition produced by excessive intake of salicylic acid, marked by vomiting and ringing in the ears.
an illness caused by food tainted with certain species of salmonella bacteria.
blood poisoning caused by putrefactive microorganisms in the bloodstream.
plumbism.
blood poisoning caused by pathogenic microorganisms and their toxic products in the bloodstream. — septicemic, septicaemic, adj.
poisoning from antimony.
a toxic condition caused by excessive use of strychnine.
addiction to tobacco; poisoning from excessive use of tobacco. Also called tabagism, tobaccoism.
Archaic. a toxic condition produced by thebaine, a derivative of opium.
the branch of medical science that studies the effects, antidotes, detection, etc., of poisons. — toxicologist, n.toxicologie, toxicological, adj.
an abnormal fear of poisoning. Also called toxicophobia. Cf. iophobia.toxiphobe, toxiphobiac, n.
poisoning caused by microbes in stale cheese or milk.
1. the toxicity or toxic content of urine.
2. the unit used in measuring the toxicity of urine, a quantity sufficient to kill an animal weighing one kilogram. — urotoxic, adj.

poison


Past participle: poisoned
Gerund: poisoning

Imperative
poison
poison
Present
I poison
you poison
he/she/it poisons
we poison
you poison
they poison
Preterite
I poisoned
you poisoned
he/she/it poisoned
we poisoned
you poisoned
they poisoned
Present Continuous
I am poisoning
you are poisoning
he/she/it is poisoning
we are poisoning
you are poisoning
they are poisoning
Present Perfect
I have poisoned
you have poisoned
he/she/it has poisoned
we have poisoned
you have poisoned
they have poisoned
Past Continuous
I was poisoning
you were poisoning
he/she/it was poisoning
we were poisoning
you were poisoning
they were poisoning
Past Perfect
I had poisoned
you had poisoned
he/she/it had poisoned
we had poisoned
you had poisoned
they had poisoned
Future
I will poison
you will poison
he/she/it will poison
we will poison
you will poison
they will poison
Future Perfect
I will have poisoned
you will have poisoned
he/she/it will have poisoned
we will have poisoned
you will have poisoned
they will have poisoned
Future Continuous
I will be poisoning
you will be poisoning
he/she/it will be poisoning
we will be poisoning
you will be poisoning
they will be poisoning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been poisoning
you have been poisoning
he/she/it has been poisoning
we have been poisoning
you have been poisoning
they have been poisoning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been poisoning
you will have been poisoning
he/she/it will have been poisoning
we will have been poisoning
you will have been poisoning
they will have been poisoning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been poisoning
you had been poisoning
he/she/it had been poisoning
we had been poisoning
you had been poisoning
they had been poisoning
Conditional
I would poison
you would poison
he/she/it would poison
we would poison
you would poison
they would poison
Past Conditional
I would have poisoned
you would have poisoned
he/she/it would have poisoned
we would have poisoned
you would have poisoned
they would have poisoned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.poison - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organismpoison - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
substance - a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
atropine - a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
hyoscyamine - a poisonous crystalline alkaloid (isometric with atropine but more potent); used to treat excess motility of the gastrointestinal tract
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
2.poison - anything that harms or destroys; "the poison of fascism"
destructiveness - the quality of causing destruction
Verb1.poison - spoil as if by poison; "poison someone's mind"; "poison the atmosphere in the office"
corrupt, debase, debauch, demoralise, demoralize, deprave, misdirect, pervert, profane, vitiate, subvert - corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality; "debauch the young people with wine and women"; "Socrates was accused of corrupting young men"; "Do school counselors subvert young children?"; "corrupt the morals"
2.poison - kill with poison; "She poisoned her husband"
poison - kill by its poison; "This mushrooms can poison"
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"
3.poison - add poison to; "Her husband poisoned her drink in order to kill her"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
4.poison - kill by its poison; "This mushrooms can poison"
poison - administer poison to; "She poisoned her husband but he did not die"
poison - kill with poison; "She poisoned her husband"
kill - cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly; "This man killed several people when he tried to rob a bank"; "The farmer killed a pig for the holidays"
5.poison - administer poison to; "She poisoned her husband but he did not die"
drug, dose - administer a drug to; "They drugged the kidnapped tourist"
intoxicate - have an intoxicating effect on, of a drug
poison - kill by its poison; "This mushrooms can poison"

poison

noun
1. toxin, venom, bane (archaic) Poison from the weaver fish causes paralysis and swelling.
2. contamination, corruption, contagion, cancer, virus, blight, bane, malignancy, miasma, canker the poison of crime and violence spreading through the city
verb
1. murder, kill, give someone poison, administer poison to There were rumours that she had poisoned her husband.
2. contaminate, foul, infect, spoil, pollute, blight, taint, adulterate, envenom, befoul The land has been completely poisoned by chemicals.
3. contaminate, lace, spike, tamper with, doctor, adulterate, put poison in He accused them of poisoning his drink
4. corrupt, colour, undermine, bias, sour, pervert, warp, taint, subvert, embitter, deprave, defile, jaundice, vitiate, envenom ill-feeling that will poison further negotiations
adjective
1. poisonous, deadly, toxic, lethal, venomous a cloud of poison gas
Related words
adjective toxic
fear toxiphobia

Poisons

Poisonous substances and gases  aconite, acrolein, adamsite, afterdamp, Agent Orange, aldrin, allyl alcohol, aniline, antimony potassium tartrate, arsenic or arsenic trioxide, arsine, atropine or atropin, barium hydroxide, benzene, benzidine, brucine, cacodyl, carbon disulphide, carbon monoxide, coniine, conin, or conine, curare, cyanic acid, cyanide, cyanogen, digitalin, emetine, formaldehyde, hemlock, hydrastine, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen iodide, hydrogen sulphide, hyoscyamine, lead monoxide, lewisite, lindane, mercuric chloride, mercuric oxide, methanol, methyl bromide, muscarine, mustard gas, nerve gas, nitrogen dioxide, osmium tetroxide, ouabain, oxalic acid, Paraquat, Paris green, phenol, phosgene, picrotoxin, poison gas, potassium cyanide, potassium permanganate, prussic acid, ratsbane, red lead, sarin, silver nitrate, sodium cyanide, sodium fluoroacetate, stibine, strychnine, tetramethyldiarsine, thallium, thebaine, tropine, urushiol, veratrine, whitedamp, zinc chloride
Types of poisoning  botulism, bromism, digitalism, ergotism, fluorosis, hydrargyria, iodism, lead poisoning, listeriosis, mercurialism, phosphorism, plumbism, ptomaine poisoning, salmonella, saturnism, strychninism
Poisonous plants  aconite, amanita, baneberry, belladonna, black bryony, black nightshade, castor-oil plant, cowbane, coyotillo, deadly nightshade, death camass, death cap or angel, destroying angel, dieffenbachia, dog's mercury, ergot, fly agaric, foxglove, hemlock, henbane, Indian liquorice, laburnum, liberty cap, locoweed, manchineel, monkshood, mountain laurel, Noogoora burr, nux vomica, oleander, poison dogwood or elder, poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumach, pokeweed, pokeberry, or pokeroot, sassy, sasswood, or sassy wood, staggerbush, stavesacre, thorn apple, tutu, upas, water hemlock, wolfsbane or wolf's-bane, woody nightshade

poison

noun
1. Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
verb
1. To make physically impure:
2. To have a destructive effect on:
Archaic: empoison.
adjective
Capable of injuring or killing by poison:
Translations
سمسُمسُمّيُسَمِّميُسَمِّمُ
отравямотроватровя
emmetzinarenverinarmetzinaverí
jedotrávit
forgiftegiftgift-giftigkomme gift i
veneno
mürgitamamürk
زهر
myrkkymyrkyttää
जहरज़हरविष
otrovotrovati
megmérgezméreg
intoxicarinvenenartoxicoveneno
bisaracun
eitra, byrla eitureitra, setja eitur út íeitur
毒を盛る毒を混入する
독을 넣다
toxicumvenenovenenum
nuodainuodingainuodingasnuodytinuodytojas
indeindētindīgsnoindētsaindēt
jedotráviť
strupzastrupiti
otrovотров
förgiftagift
sumu
ยาพิษวางยาพิษ
zehirzehirlemekzehir koymak
زہر
thuốc độcchất độcđầu độc

poison

[ˈpɔɪzn]
A. N (lit, fig) → veneno m
to die of poisonmorir envenenado
to take poisonenvenenarse
they hate each other like poisonse odian a muerte
what's your poison?¿qué toma?
B. VT
1.envenenar; (chemically) → intoxicar
the wells were poisonedhabían echado sustancias tóxicas a los pozos
2. (fig) → envenenar, emponzoñar
to poison sb's mind (against sth/sb)envenenar la mente de algn (contra algo/algn)
a poisoned chalice (esp Brit) → un arma de doble filo
C. CPD poison gas Ngas m tóxico
poison ivy N (= plant) → hiedra f venenosa; (= rash) → urticaria f
poison oak N (= plant) → zumaque m venenoso; (loosely) = poison ivy poison pen letter Nanónimo m ofensivo

poison

[ˈpɔɪzən]
npoison m
vt
[+ person, animal] → empoisonner
[+ food, drink, weapon] → empoisonner
[+ situation, relationship, atmosphere] → gâcher
to poison sb's mind against sb → monter qn contre qn

poison

n (lit, fig)Gift nt; what’s your poison? (inf) name your poison (inf)was willst du trinken?; to hate somebody like poisonjdn glühend or wie die Pest (inf)hassen ? meat a
vt
(lit)vergiften; atmosphere, riversverpesten; it won’t poison you (inf)das wird dich nicht umbringen (inf)
(fig)vergiften; marriagezerrütten; to poison somebody’s mind against somebodyjdn gegen jdn aufstacheln

poison

:
poison fang
n (of snake)Giftzahn m
poison gas
nGiftgas nt
poison gland
n (Zool) → Giftdrüse f

poison

:
poison ivy
nkletternder Giftsumach, Giftefeu m
poison oak
n (Bot) → Giftsumach m

poison

:
poison-pen letter
poison pill
n (Fin) zum Schutz gegen ein unerwünschtes Übernahmeangebot eingesetzte Maßnahmen, die im Falle der Übernahme zu einem Wertverlust der Firma führen
poison sumach
n (Bot) → Giftsumach m

poison

[ˈpɔɪzn]
1. n (also) (fig) → veleno
they hate each other like poison → si odiano a morte
what's your poison? (fam) → cosa bevi?
2. vt
a. (person, food) → avvelenare; (air, atmosphere) → inquinare, avvelenare
b. (fig) to poison sb's mindcorrompere qn
to poison sb's mind against sb/sth → sobillare qn contro qn/qc

poison

(ˈpoizn) noun
any substance which causes death or illness when taken into the body. She killed herself by taking poison; (also adjective) poison gas.
verb
1. to kill or harm with poison. He poisoned his wife.
2. to put poison into (food etc). He poisoned her coffee.
ˈpoisoner noun
ˈpoisonous adjective
containing or using poison. That fruit is poisonous; a poisonous snake.
ˈpoisonously adverb
poison-pen letter
an anonymous letter saying wicked things about a person etc.

poison

سُمّ, يُسَمِّمُ jed, otrávit forgifte, gift Gift, vergiften δηλητηριάζω, δηλητήριο envenenar, veneno myrkky, myrkyttää empoisonner, poison otrov, otrovati avvelenare, veleno, 毒を盛る, 독을 넣다 vergif, vergiftigen forgifte, gift otruć, trucizna envenenar, veneno отравлять, яд förgifta, gift ยาพิษ, วางยาพิษ zehir, zehirlemek đầu độc, thuốc độc 放毒, 毒药

poi·son

n. veneno; [insect, reptile bite] ponzoña; substancia tóxica;
___ ivyhiedra venenosa.

poison

n veneno; ant — hormiguicida m, veneno para hormigas; rat — raticida m, veneno para ratas; vt envenenar
References in classic literature ?
Ferdinando, the `minion', carries them away, and Hagar puts back the cup which holds the poison meant for Roderigo.
It was like poison in my blood but it will be different with him.
One of the bearers was bitten by a poisonous snake, and though prompt measures were taken, the poison spread so rapidly that the man died.
And as for her cousin's testimony in disparagement of it, she concluded that Hepzibah's judgment was embittered by one of those family feuds which render hatred the more deadly by the dead and corrupted love that they intermingle with its native poison.
Dames of elevated rank, likewise, whose doors she entered in the way of her occupation, were accustomed to distil drops of bitterness into her heart; sometimes through that alchemy of quiet malice, by which women can concoct a subtle poison from ordinary trifles; and sometimes, also, by a coarser expression, that fell upon the sufferer's defenceless breast like a rough blow upon an ulcerated wound.
or whatever I might call the poison of an influence that I dared but half to phrase) made him, in spite of the faint breath of his inward trouble, appear as accessible as an older person--imposed him almost as an intellectual equal.
Abominable are the tumblers into which he pours his poison.
Now, however, since they had come to the new country, all this was changing; it seemed as if there must be some subtle poison in the air that one breathed here--it was affecting all the young men at once.
Even down to my birth-century that poison was still in the blood of Christendom, and the best of English com- moners was still content to see his inferiors impudently continuing to hold a number of positions, such as lord- ships and the throne, to which the grotesque laws of his country did not allow him to aspire; in fact, he was not merely contented with this strange condition of things, he was even able to persuade himself that he was proud of it.
In Paris and Munich, for instance, they say, "Don't drink the water, it is simply poison.
The fatal poison of irresponsible power was already in her hands, and soon commenced its infernal work.
She might have been unconsciously sucking in the sad poison, while a sharer of his conversation with her friend; and from the best, the purest of motives, might now be denying herself this visit to Ireland, and resolving to divide herself effectually from him and his connexions by soon beginning her career of laborious duty.