polish

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Po·lish

 (pō′lĭsh)
adj.
Of or relating to Poland, the Poles, their language, or their culture.
n.
The Slavic language of the Poles.

pol·ish

 (pŏl′ĭsh)
v. pol·ished, pol·ish·ing, pol·ish·es
v.tr.
1. To make smooth and shiny by rubbing or chemical action.
2. To remove the outer layers from (grains of rice) by rotation in drums.
3. To refine or remove flaws from; perfect or complete: polish one's piano technique; polish up the lyrics.
v.intr.
To become smooth or shiny by being rubbed: The table polishes up nicely.
n.
1. Smoothness or shininess of surface or finish.
2. A substance containing chemical agents or abrasive particles and applied to smooth or shine a surface: shoe polish.
3. The act or process of polishing: gave the lamp a polish.
4. Elegance of style or manners; refinement.
Phrasal Verb:
polish off Informal
To finish or dispose of quickly and easily.

[Middle English polisshen, from Old French polir, poliss-, from Latin polīre; see pel- in Indo-European roots.]

pol′ish·er n.

polish

(ˈpɒlɪʃ)
vb
1. to make or become smooth and shiny by rubbing, esp with wax or an abrasive
2. (tr) to make perfect or complete
3. to make or become elegant or refined
n
4. a finish or gloss
5. the act of polishing or the condition of having been polished
6. (Chemistry) a substance used to produce a smooth and shiny, often protective surface
7. elegance or refinement, esp in style, manner, etc
[C13 polis, from Old French polir, from Latin polīre to polish]
ˈpolishable adj
ˈpolisher n

Polish

(ˈpəʊlɪʃ)
adj
(Languages) of, relating to, or characteristic of Poland, its people, or their language
n
(Languages) the official language of Poland, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family

pol•ish

(ˈpɒl ɪʃ)

v.t.
1. to make smooth and glossy, esp. by rubbing or friction.
2. to render finished, refined, or elegant: to polish a speech.
v.i.
3. to become smooth and glossy through polishing.
4. Archaic. to become refined or elegant.
5. polish off,
a. to finish or dispose of quickly: to polish off a gallon of ice cream.
b. to subdue or get rid of (an opponent).
6. polish up, to improve; refine.
n.
7. a substance used to give smoothness or gloss: shoe polish.
8. the act of polishing.
9. the state of being polished.
10. smoothness and gloss of surface.
11. refinement.
[1250–1300; < Middle French poliss-, long s. of polir < Latin polīre to polish; see -ish2]
pol′ish•er, n.

Po•lish

(ˈpoʊ lɪʃ)

n.
1. the West Slavic language of Poland. Abbr.: Pol
adj.
2. of or pertaining to Poland, its inhabitants, or the language Polish.
[1695–1705]

polish


Past participle: polished
Gerund: polishing

Imperative
polish
polish
Present
I polish
you polish
he/she/it polishes
we polish
you polish
they polish
Preterite
I polished
you polished
he/she/it polished
we polished
you polished
they polished
Present Continuous
I am polishing
you are polishing
he/she/it is polishing
we are polishing
you are polishing
they are polishing
Present Perfect
I have polished
you have polished
he/she/it has polished
we have polished
you have polished
they have polished
Past Continuous
I was polishing
you were polishing
he/she/it was polishing
we were polishing
you were polishing
they were polishing
Past Perfect
I had polished
you had polished
he/she/it had polished
we had polished
you had polished
they had polished
Future
I will polish
you will polish
he/she/it will polish
we will polish
you will polish
they will polish
Future Perfect
I will have polished
you will have polished
he/she/it will have polished
we will have polished
you will have polished
they will have polished
Future Continuous
I will be polishing
you will be polishing
he/she/it will be polishing
we will be polishing
you will be polishing
they will be polishing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been polishing
you have been polishing
he/she/it has been polishing
we have been polishing
you have been polishing
they have been polishing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been polishing
you will have been polishing
he/she/it will have been polishing
we will have been polishing
you will have been polishing
they will have been polishing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been polishing
you had been polishing
he/she/it had been polishing
we had been polishing
you had been polishing
they had been polishing
Conditional
I would polish
you would polish
he/she/it would polish
we would polish
you would polish
they would polish
Past Conditional
I would have polished
you would have polished
he/she/it would have polished
we would have polished
you would have polished
they would have polished
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.polish - the property of being smooth and shinypolish - the property of being smooth and shiny
smoothness - a texture without roughness; smooth to the touch; "admiring the slim smoothness of her thighs"; "some artists prefer the smoothness of a board"
radiancy, refulgence, refulgency, shine, effulgence, radiance - the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light
French polish - the glaze produced by repeated applications of French polish shellac
glaze - a glossy finish on a fabric
2.polish - a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; "they performed with great polish"; "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose"; "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad
flawlessness, ne plus ultra, perfection - the state of being without a flaw or defect
3.polish - a preparation used in polishing
formulation, preparation - a substance prepared according to a formula; "the physician prescribed a commercial preparation of the medicine"
blacking, shoe polish - a substance used to produce a shiny protective surface on footwear
Simoniz - a brand of car polish
4.Polish - the Slavic language of Poland
Slavic, Slavic language, Slavonic, Slavonic language - a branch of the Indo-European family of languages
Verb1.polish - make (a surface) shine; "shine the silver, please"; "polish my shoes"
beautify, fancify, prettify, embellish - make more beautiful
Simonise, Simonize - polish with wax; "The motorcycle has been Simonized"
sleek, slick - make slick or smooth
burnish, furbish, buff - polish and make shiny; "buff the wooden floors"; "buff my shoes"
gloss - give a shine or gloss to, usually by rubbing
2.polish - improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's style of writing"
ameliorate, improve, meliorate, amend, better - to make better; "The editor improved the manuscript with his changes"
overrefine, over-refine - refine too much or with excess of subtlety; "He is overrefining this matter"
civilise, civilize, school, cultivate, educate, train - teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment; "Cultivate your musical taste"; "Train your tastebuds"; "She is well schooled in poetry"
3.polish - bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state; "polish your social manners"
perfect, hone - make perfect or complete; "perfect your French in Paris!"
Adj.1.Polish - of or relating to Poland or its people or culture; "Polish sausage"

polish

noun
1. varnish, wax, glaze, lacquer, japan The air smelt of furniture polish.
2. sheen, finish, sparkle, glaze, gloss, brilliance, brightness, veneer, lustre, smoothness I admired the high polish of his boots.
3. style, class (informal), finish, breeding, grace, elegance, refinement, finesse, urbanity, suavity, politesse She was enormously popular for her charm and polish.
verb
1. shine, wax, clean, smooth, rub, buff, brighten, burnish, furbish Every morning he polished his shoes.
2. (often with up) perfect, improve, enhance, refine, finish, correct, cultivate, brush up, touch up, emend Polish up your writing skills on a one-week course.
polish someone off eliminate, take out (slang), get rid of, dispose of, do away with, blow away (slang, chiefly U.S.), beat someone once and for all a chance to polish off their bitter local rivals
polish something off (Informal) finish, down, shift (informal), wolf, consume, hoover (informal), put away, eat up, swill He polished off the whole box of truffles on his own.

polish

verb
1. To give a gleaming luster to, usually through friction:
2. To bring to perfection or completion:
Idiom: smooth off the rough edges.
3. To improve by making minor changes or additions:
phrasal verb
polish off
2. Informal. To eat completely or entirely:
Informal: put away.
noun
1. A radiant brightness or glow, usually due to light reflected from a smooth surface:
2. Refined, effortless beauty of manner, form, and style:
Translations
Pools
بُولَنْديّسائِل تَلْميعمَادَةُ تَلْمِيعنُعومَه، لَمَعانيُحَسِّن
полски
polonès
leštidloleštitpolskýpolštinavyleštit
polerePolskpudsepudsecremepudsemiddel
pola
puolapuolalainenpuolan kielivahahioa
פולנית
पोलिश
laštitipoljskipoljski jeziksredstvo za laštenje
fényezõanyagkifényesítlengyelpolíroz
bæta, fágabursta, pússafægilögurgljái, glansPólska
つやつやを出すつや出し剤ポーランドのポーランド人
광택제닦다폴란드어폴란드의
poliravimo priemonėpoliruotassušveistišveisti
atsvaidzinātpilnveidotpulējumspulētslīpēt
poloneză
leštidloPoľský
brusitiloščilološčitipoljščinapoljska
Пољски
polerapolskpolskaputsaputsmedel
Kipolandi
ขัดให้ขึ้นเงาชาวโปแลนด์ที่เกี่ยวกับโปแลนด์สารขัดเงา
cilacilâcilalamakilerletmekLehçe
польськапольська мовапольський
chất đánh bóngđánh bóngthuộc nước/người/tiếng Ba Lantiếng Ba Lan

Polish

[ˈpəʊlɪʃ]
A. ADJpolaco
B. N
1. (Ling) → polaco m
2. the Polish (= people) → los polacos

polish

[ˈpɒlɪʃ]
A. N
1. (= shoe polish) → betún m, bola f (Mex); (= furniture polish, floor polish) → cera f; (= metal polish) → líquido m para limpiar metales; (= nail polish) → esmalte m or laca f (para las uñas)
2. (= act) my shoes need a polishmis zapatos necesitan una limpieza
to give sth a polishdar brillo a algo
3. (= shine) → lustre m, brillo m
high polishlustre m brillante
the buttons have lost their polishlos botones han perdido su brillo or se han deslustrado
to put a polish on sthsacar brillo a algo
the water takes the polish offel agua quita el brillo
4. (fig) (= refinement) → refinamiento m; [of artistry etc] → elegancia f
he lacks polishle falta refinamiento
B. VT
1. (gen) → pulir; [+ shoes] → limpiar, lustrar (esp LAm), bolear (Mex), embolar (Chile); [+ floor, furniture] → encerar; [+ pans, metal, silver] → pulir; (mechanically, industrially) → pulimentar
2. (fig) (also polish up) (= improve) → perfeccionar; [+ manners] → refinar; [+ style etc] → pulir, limar; [+ one's Spanish etc] → pulir, perfeccionar
polish off VT + ADV [+ work, food, drink] → despacharse; [+ person etc] → liquidar
polish up VT + ADV = polish B2

Polish

[ˈpəʊlɪʃ]
adjpolonais(e)
n (= language) → polonais m

polish

[ˈpɒlɪʃ]
n
(for shoes)cirage m
(for floor, furniture)cire f
(for nails)vernis m
(= shine) → éclat m, poli m
[production, piece of work] → raffinement m
vt
(= put polish on) [+ shoes, wood] → cirer
[+ silver] → astiquer
(= make shiny) → astiquer, faire briller
[+ glass, spectacles] → frotter
(fig) (= improve) → perfectionner
polish off
vt sep
[+ food, drink] → liquider
[+ work] → expédier

Polish

adjpolnisch; Polish CorridorPolnischer Korridor
n (Ling) → Polnisch nt

polish

n
(= material) (= shoe polish)Creme f; (= floor polish)Bohnerwachs nt; (= furniture polish)Politur f; (= metal polish)Poliermittel nt; (= nail polish)Lack m
(= act) to give something a polishetw polieren; shoes, silver alsoetw putzen; flooretw bohnern; my shoes need a polishmeine Schuhe müssen geputzt werden
(= polished state, shine)Glanz m; (of furniture)Politur f; high polishHochglanz m, → starker Glanz; there was a high polish on the floorder Fußboden war stark gebohnert; to put a polish on somethingetw zum Glänzen bringen, Glanz auf etw (acc)bringen; water will take the polish offWasser nimmt den Glanz/greift die Politur an
(fig: = refinement) (of person, style, manners)Schliff m; (of performance)Brillanz f; he lacks polishihm fehlt der Schliff/die Brillanz; his style lacks polishan seinem Stil muss noch gearbeitet werden
vt
(lit)polieren; silver, shoesputzen, polieren; floorbohnern
(fig) person, performanceden letzten Schliff geben (+dat); manner, stylepolieren (inf), → verfeinern

Polish

[ˈpəʊlɪʃ]
1. adjpolacco/a
2. n (language) → polacco

polish

[ˈpɒlɪʃ]
1. n
a. (for shoes, car) → lucido; (for furniture, floor) → cera
b. (act) → lucidata
to give sth a polish → dare una lucidata or lustrata a qc
c. (shine) → lucido, lucentezza
it has a very high polish → è molto lucido
to put a polish on sth → far brillare qc
d. (fig) (of person) → raffinatezza; (of style, performance) → eleganza
2. vt (wood, leather) → lucidare; (stones, glass) → levigare; (style) → perfezionare, raffinare
polish off vt + adv (food, drink) → far fuori; (work, correspondence) → sbrigare
polish up vt + adv (skill, ability) → perfezionare; (shoes, metal objects) → lucidare, lustrare

polish

(ˈpoliʃ) verb
1. to make smooth and shiny by rubbing. She polished her shoes.
2. (especially with up) to improve. Polish up your English!
noun
1. smoothness and shininess. There's a wonderful polish on this old wood.
2. a kind of liquid, or other substance used to make something shiny. furniture polish; silver polish.
ˈpolished adjective
(negative unpolished).
polish off
to finish. She polished off the last of the ice-cream.

polish

بُولَنْديّ, مَادَةُ تَلْمِيع, يَصْقِل leštidlo, leštit, Polák, polský polere, polsk, pudsecreme polieren, Politur, Polnisch βερνίκι, γυαλίζω, πολωνικός, Πολωνός betún, lustrar, polaco kiillottaa, puola, puolalainen, vaha cirage, cirer, polonais laštiti, poljski, sredstvo za laštenje lucidare, polacco つやを出す, つや出し剤, ポーランドの, ポーランド人 광택제, 닦다, 폴란드어, 폴란드의 poetsen, poetsmiddel, Pools polere, polering, polsk Polak, polski, połysk, wypolerować polaco, polimento, polir, polonês полировать, полироль, польский polack, polera, polsk, putsmedel ขัดให้ขึ้นเงา, ชาวโปแลนด์, ที่เกี่ยวกับโปแลนด์, สารขัดเงา cila, cilalamak, Polonya, Polonyalı chất đánh bóng, đánh bóng, thuộc nước/người/tiếng Ba Lan, tiếng Ba Lan 擦亮, 波兰人, 波兰的, 磨光
Polish   

polish

vt (dent, etc.) pulir
References in classic literature ?
Amy was gratified, but of course didn't show it, and demurely answered, "Foreign life polishes one in spite of one's self.
I believe he polishes it every morning with a cloth.
As he rubs himself upon a large jack-towel, blowing like a military sort of diver just come up, his hair curling tighter and tighter on his sunburnt temples the more he rubs it so that it looks as if it never could be loosened by any less coercive instrument than an iron rake or a curry-comb--as he rubs, and puffs, and polishes, and blows, turning his head from side to side the more conveniently to excoriate his throat, and standing with his body well bent forward to keep the wet from his martial legs, Phil, on his knees lighting a fire, looks round as if it were enough washing for him to see all that done, and sufficient renovation for one day to take in the superfluous health his master throws off.