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|Noun||1.||political system - the members of a social organization who are in power|
social group - people sharing some social relation
party, political party - an organization to gain political power; "in 1992 Perot tried to organize a third party at the national level"
constitutionalism - a constitutional system of government (usually with a written constitution)
republic, democracy, commonwealth - a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
gerontocracy - a political system governed by old men
hegemony - the dominance or leadership of one social group or nation over others; "the hegemony of a single member state is not incompatible with a genuine confederation"; "to say they have priority is not to say they have complete hegemony"; "the consolidation of the United States' hegemony over a new international economic system"
mobocracy, ochlocracy - a political system in which a mob is the source of control; government by the masses
oligarchy - a political system governed by a few people; "one of his cardinal convictions was that Britain was not run as a democracy but as an oligarchy"; "the big cities were notoriously in the hands of the oligarchy of local businessmen"
plutocracy - a political system governed by the wealthy people
republic - a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch; "the head of state in a republic is usually a president"
technocracy - a form of government in which scientists and technical experts are in control; "technocracy was described as that society in which those who govern justify themselves by appeal to technical experts who justify themselves by appeal to scientific forms of knowledge"
theocracy - a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
social organisation, social organization, social structure, social system, structure - the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships; "the social organization of England and America is very different"; "sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family"