82) One may always adduce context-induced polygenesis
, but this explanation doesn't rule out the possibility of intertextual influence.
which assumes that different myths are developed separately in different cultures without any direct or indirect influence involved (see Dundes 54).
Douglass brilliantly challenged the claims of the polygenesis
school of thinkers (particularly Morton, Nott, Gliddon and Agassiz).
Mima mounds; the case for polygenesis
Indeed, as scholars such as Malini Johar Schueller and Scott Trafton have illuminated, the discipline of Egyptology was often employed throughout the nineteenth century by phrenologists and advocates of polygenesis
to argue that Africans were inherently subhuman and therefore should remain enslaved.
In general, those who discussed these pronominal forms in the individual languages, especially Romanian and Italo-Romance, tended to favor their polygenesis
, while those with a broader Romance perspective tended to view them as related.
Even those Catholic bishops in the South who defended slavery simultaneously "scoffed at claims of polygenesis
, that African Americans represented not just another race but another species" (McGreevy 55).
The transmission of original sin from Adam to the whole human race as well as Christ's atonement would not be possible if polygenesis
The egalitarian dynamic latent in the ideal of a humanity united by reason was undermined by the placing of humans squarely in the natural world, to be subdivided and ranked according to the same principles of speciation as the animal kingdom; in nineteenth-century France especially, ideas of polygenesis
were widely accepted, enlarging the potential for ideologies of racial subordination.
Slavery's apologists often rested their argument on the theory of polygenesis
, which held that the races were created separately--a view that was also held by many anti-slavery activists who still saw blacks as inferior, despite their arguments against the slave system.
In Britain, members of both the Ethnological and the Anthropological Societies in England juggled physical and social evidence in their analysis of human diversity and a number embraced polygenesis
, though the idea was heterodox in the wider community (Kenny 2007:382; Stocking 1968:75).
This includes the ongoing debate over monogenesis and polygenesis
, and the argument over the appearance and origins of the Bible's key actors.