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1. The condition or practice of having more than one wife at one time.
2. Zoology
a. A mating pattern in which a male mates with more than one female in a single breeding season.
b. The condition of having more than one queen. Used of an insect colony.

po·lyg′y·nous adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.polygynous - having more than one wife at a time
polygamous - having more than one mate at a time; used of relationships and individuals
References in periodicals archive ?
1991: Poor reproductive success of polygynously mated female Tengmalm's owl Aegolius funereus: are better options available?
Thus, a key reason to focus on monogamously-married men is that they have been found to have more extramarital sexual relationships than those who are polygynously married (46).
Evidence in this population suggests that males are mating polygynously.
As mentioned, polygynously married women tend to be less educated and work mostly in the informal economy where child rearing can be suitably combined with employment.