serum

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se·rum

 (sîr′əm)
n. pl. se·rums or se·ra (sîr′ə)
1. The clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating whole blood into its solid and liquid components after it has been allowed to clot. Also called blood serum.
2. Blood serum from the tissues of immunized animals, containing antibodies and used to transfer immunity to another individual.
3. Watery fluid from animal tissue, such as that found in edema.
4. Whey.

[Latin, whey, serum.]

serum

(ˈsɪərəm)
n, pl -rums or -ra (-rə)
1. (Physiology) See blood serum
2. (Medicine) antitoxin obtained from the blood serum of immunized animals
3. (Physiology) physiol zoology clear watery fluid, esp that exuded by serous membranes
4. (Zoology) physiol zoology clear watery fluid, esp that exuded by serous membranes
5. (Cookery) a less common word for whey
[C17: from Latin: whey]
ˈserumal adj

se•rum

(ˈsɪər əm)

n., pl. se•rums, se•ra (ˈsɪər ə)
1. the clear, pale yellow liquid that separates from the clot in the coagulation of blood; blood serum.
2. any watery animal fluid.
3. milk whey.
[1655–65; < Latin: whey]
se′rum•al, adj.

se·rum

(sîr′əm)
Plural serums or sera
2. Blood serum extracted from an animal that has immunity to a particular disease. The serum contains antibodies to specific antigens and can transfer immunity to humans or other animals by means of injection.

serum

Blood plasma that does not contain clotting factors but does contain antibodies.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.serum - an amber, watery fluid, rich in proteins, that separates out when blood coagulatesserum - an amber, watery fluid, rich in proteins, that separates out when blood coagulates
bodily fluid, body fluid, liquid body substance, humour, humor - the liquid parts of the body
blood - the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, and platelets; "blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and carries away waste products"; "the ancients believed that blood was the seat of the emotions"
antiserum - blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens; provides immunity to a disease
serum albumin - albumin occurring in blood serum; serves to maintain the somatic pressure of the blood
serum globulin - globulins occurring in blood serum and containing most of the antibodies of the blood
opsonin - an antibody in blood serum that attaches to invading microorganisms and other antigens to make them more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
milk whey, whey - the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the curd in making cheese

serum

noun antidote, antihistamine, antitoxin, antiserum, counterirritant, counterpoison He had swallowed a serum to ward off ill-effects.
Translations
مَصْل
sérum
serum
seerumi
szérum
blóîvatn
serumas
serums
sérum

serum

[ˈsɪərəm] N (serums or sera (pl)) → suero m
blood serumsuero m sanguíneo

serum

[ˈsɪərəm] nsérum m

serum

nSerum nt

serum

[ˈsɪərəm] nsiero

serum

(ˈsiərəm) noun
a watery fluid which is given as an injection to fight, or give immunity from, a disease. Diphtheria vaccine is a serum.

se·rum

n. suero, líquido seroso.
1. elemento del plasma que permanece líquido y claro después de la coagulación;
2. cualquier líquido seroso;
3. suero inmune de animales o personas que se inocula para producir inmunizaciones pasivas o temporales.

serum

adj sérico; — sodium sodio sérico; n (pl sera) suero
References in periodicals archive ?
One day after reaching confluence, the cells were sensitized with pooled serum from either controls or patients (1:5 dilution in cell culture medium) for 16 hr at 37[degrees]C.
We used multiple samples from individual patients instead of pooled serum to prevent masking of possible matrix effects and to study a wider range of cTnT concentrations.
Pooled serum from Australians < 16 years of age (median age 11-13 years) had equal or higher levels of several PFCs compared with adults (Karrman et al.
In the initial biomarker screening stage, we subjected pooled serum samples from 25 PaC cases (Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital) and 25 matched controls (Jinling Hospital) to Illumina SBS technology to select miRNAs whose expression was altered in PaC cases compared to controls.
However, the most recent pooled serum data indicate modest differences by sex as well as ethnicity (Calafat et al.
They used frozen pooled serum samples and fresh serum samples from 37 healthy controls and 138 individuals with dyslipidemia or heart disease that they had obtained from the NIH.
Various concentrations of atomic absorption grade cadmium were spiked into the Egyptian pooled serum as well as Intergen's pooled serum (Norcross, GA, USA).
Intraassay imprecision was performed by assaying pooled serum controls 20 times within the same run for each derivatizing reagent.
Another limitation of this study is that, although the explosion resulted in exposure specifically to TCDD, analyses of pooled serum from residents of an unexposed zone suggest there was substantial background exposure to other PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs during this time period [80 ppt TCDD toxic equivalents (TEQ), on average] (Eskenazi et al.
Table 1 shows that the omission of chloride has only a slight effect on the sample of pooled serum (control) with typical albumin concentrations, but it has a profound effect on the FDH samples.