scotoma

(redirected from positive scotoma)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to positive scotoma: negative scotoma

sco·to·ma

 (skə-tō′mə)
n. pl. sco·to·mas or sco·to·ma·ta (-mə-tə)
An area of diminished vision within the visual field.

[New Latin scotōma, from Late Latin, dim sight, from Greek skotōma, dizziness, from skotoun, to darken, from skotos, darkness.]

sco·to′ma·tous adj.

scotoma

(skɒˈtəʊmə)
n, pl -mas or -mata (-mətə)
1. (Pathology) pathol a blind spot; a permanent or temporary area of depressed or absent vision caused by lesions of the visual system, viewing the sun directly (eclipse scotoma), squinting, etc
2. (Psychology) psychol a mental blind spot; inability to understand or perceive certain matters
[C16: via Medieval Latin from Greek skotōma giddiness, from skotoun to make dark, from skotos darkness]
scotomatous adj

sco•to•ma

(skoʊˈtoʊ mə)

n., pl. -mas, -ma•ta (-mə tə)
loss of vision in a part of the visual field; blind spot.
[1535–45; < Greek skótōma dizziness = skotō-, variant s. of skotoûn to darken, stupefy, make dizzy, v. derivative of skótos darkness, dizziness + -ma resultative n. suffix]
sco•tom′a•tous (-ˈtɒm ə təs) adj.

scotoma, scotomy

a blind spot or blind area in the field of vision.
See also: Blindness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scotoma - an isolated area of diminished vision within the visual fieldscotoma - an isolated area of diminished vision within the visual field
vision defect, visual defect, visual disorder, visual impairment - impairment of the sense of sight
annular scotoma - a circular scotoma surrounding the center of the field of vision
central scotoma - a scotoma that involves the fixation point
hemianopic scotoma - a scotoma involving half of the visual field
paracentral scotoma - a scotoma that is adjacent to the fixation point
flittering scotoma, scintillating scotoma - a localized area of diminished vision edged by shimmering colored lights; in many people it indicates the onset of migraine
Translations

sco·to·ma

n., Gr. escotoma, área del campo visual en la cual existe pérdida parcial o total de la visión.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients typically present with unilateral metamorphopsia, reduced visual acuity, a positive scotoma and micropsia.
31) Symptoms often include metamorphopsia, blurred vision and relative positive scotoma.
A positive scotoma is used to describe a grey or black area in the central field and is associated with macular pathology such as retinal haemorrhage, central serous retinopathy (CSR) (Figure 3) and central retinal detachment.