post hoc


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post hoc

 (hŏk, hōk)
adv. & adj.
In or of the form of an argument in which one event is asserted to be the cause of a later event simply by virtue of having happened earlier: grasping at reasons post hoc; a post hoc fallacy.

[Latin, short for post hoc, ergō propter hoc, after this, therefore because of this : post, after + hoc, neuter of hic, this.]

post hoc

(ˈpəʊst ˈhɒk)
n
(Logic) logic the fallacy of assuming that temporal succession is evidence of causal relation
[from Latin, short for Post hoc ergo propter hoc after this, therefore on account of this]

post hoc

A Latin phrase meaning after this, used to describe the fallacy of assuming a later event is caused by an earlier one.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.post hoc - the logical fallacy of believing that temporal succession implies a causal relation
logical fallacy - a fallacy in logical argumentation
References in classic literature ?
It makes all the difference whether any given event is a case of propter hoc or post hoc.
In post hoc analysis, the odds ratio for remission among patients with baseline plasma homocysteine levels above the median (greater than 10.
Researchers did a post hoc analysis of data gathered in the multicenter Canadian Oxygen Trial, which compared the effects of lower (85%-89%) vs.
Effects of lurasidone on hostility in patients with an acute exacerbation of schizophrenia: a pooled post hoc analysis of 5 short-term studies.
The post hoc analysis from the guardian(TM)2 trial further found that, when continued on treatment with Novoeight[sup.
BARCELONA--The investigational PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab resulted in a dramatic 54% further reduction in the risk of major cardiovascular events when added to maximally tolerated statin therapy in a post hoc analysis of a large, randomized, controlled phase III trial in high-CV-risk patients.
Results from a post hoc analysis of a suicide intervention trial also showed that the bullying behaviors in most study participants resolved over the course of 1 year.
He does not mention the limitations of meta-analyses or the strong arguments and increasing consensus that retrospective or post hoc meta-analyses as used in parapsychology cannot resolve controversial issues.
Instead, they prove the logical fallacy of the phrase, post hoc ergo propter hoc - after this, therefore because of this.
There are continued post hoc analyses between the women who received oestrogen plus progesterone and those allocated to placebo.
There tends to be a lot of post hoc rationalisation and justification of events.
Finalmente, en funcion de la prueba de Levene se aplicaron pruebas post hoc de Tukey o Games-Howell en funcion de si eran varianzas iguales o desiguales (Grimm y Yarnold, 1995).

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