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Intestinal obstruction causing colic, vomiting, and constipation.

[Latin īleus, from Greek eileos, from eilein, to squeeze, hold in check; see wel- in Indo-European roots.]


(Pathology) obstruction of the intestine, esp the ileum, by mechanical occlusion or as the result of distension of the bowel following loss of muscular action
[C18: from Latin īleos severe colic, from Greek eileos a rolling, twisting, from eilein to roll]


(ˈɪl i əs)

intestinal obstruction characterized by lack of peristalsis and leading to severe colicky pain and vomiting.
[1700–10; < Latin īleus colic < Greek eileós, akin to eílein to roll]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ileus - blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
enteropathy - a disease of the intestinal tract
blockage, obstruction - the physical condition of blocking or filling a passage with an obstruction


n íleo
References in periodicals archive ?
5) Recently Lee and colleagues published a randomized trial of the mu opioid receptor blocker alvimopam in patients undergoing radical cystectomy, showing decreased postoperative ileus and length of stay.
A snapshot of the global therapeutic scenario for Postoperative Ileus.
They authors concluded that in the group who received MBP, there was a higher incidence postoperative ileus, slower commencement of diet, greater risk of wound dehiscence and longer hospital stay (31.
Furthermore, in adults there is evidence of attenuation of the stress response, shorter duration of postoperative ileus and improved postoperative pain control and recovery (13).
Asimadoline, a kappa-opioid agonist, was originally developed to treat peripheral pain such as arthritis, and is now in clinical development for the treatment of IBS and postoperative ileus.
That's what a randomized study of postoperative ileus and "sham feeding" found.
Ninety-seven percent were fasting alone or combined with postoperative ileus (44%), postoperative ileus with nausea and vomiting (28%), nausea and vomiting alone (13%), unavailable rectal route (10%) and replacing rectal administration (7%).
It most likely reverses postoperative ileus via "direct stimulation of the cephalic-vagal system and resultant increased levels of neural and humoral hormones that stimulate bowel motility in the stomach, small bowel, and colon," the researchers said.
Adolor, the company that makes alvimopan (Entereg), sponsored these studies and submitted an application to the Food and Drug Administration last year to approve the drug for managing postoperative ileus.
The rate of postoperative ileus was higher in the placebo-treated group compared to the ENTEREG-treated group.
Food and Drug Administration, as approvable endpoints for Adolor Corporation's Entereg(R) (alvimopan) and Progenics Pharmaceuticals' methylnaltrexone for postoperative ileus associated with opioid analgesics.

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