The identified clinical dental hygiene (DH) faculty members received a Qualtrics generated email informing them of the study purpose and design, and invited them to participate in the four parts of the online study: a pre-test, self-instructional radiographic anatomy (SIRA) module, immediate post-test, and a four-month follow-up posttest
Students completed a pretest as well as a posttest
after receiving one or more of the treatments.
There were three measurement time points: pretest, posttest
1 administered after experience 1, and posttest
2 administered after experience 2.
H3: There's association between posttest
knowledge score and selected variables at 0.
There is a significant differentials between pretest and posttest
and in favor of post-test experimental group where the value of (T) calculated respectively (9.
Describe the relationship between posttest
scores and selected characteristics of participants.
To determine if these differences were statistically significant, the scores of each posttest
were then submitted to a one-way ANOVA.
There was no difference in score percentage on two of the participants' posttest
compared to the pre-test.
To some extent, the pre-test and posttest
mean scores obtained from first graders in Atlanta and the results of the elementary teachers' questionnaires seem to concur with the findings of the educational game theory literature, which seem to suggest that the use of game activities in formal lectures is highly effective in improving students' motivation levels (Klein & Freitag, 1991).
Specifically, the study sought to achieve the following objectives: (1) determine the pretest and the posttest
scores of the metacognitive and transformative groups along the objective test and reflective essay writing, (2) determine the difference in the pretest and posttest
scores of both the metacognitive and transformative groups along the objective test and reflective essay writing, and (3) determine the difference in the knowledge increment between the metacognitive and transformative groups along the objective test and reflective essay writing.
Having the students take a second, "retrospective," pretest after the posttest
revealed positive results for the course not shown by traditional, pretest-posttest
Research participant 6 did not provide any comments on the posttest