A conspicuous areal sound change common to Tati is rhotacism of postvocalic
d, thus, the endonym juhur < Pers.
Firstly in English, there are no postvocalic
Rs - for instance there is no 'r' in a word like gov-ernment.
Moreover, Cuban pronunciation, and occasionally written texts, intermittently interchange l and r (arma/alma); postvocalic
and intervocalic d are often silent (pare[d]/calla[d]o); the letter s is habitually silent when not beginning a word (e[s]tamo[s]).
All Germanic variants mentioned in KLEIN (Bofa, bofa, boeve, boef, Buobo, Bube) contain a bilabial plosive followed by a rounded high vowel and a labial postvocalic
consonant, which leads us back to a contracted form of an old variant of bojowiec and bojownik as the most probable source.
Four specific AAE features were investigated: (a) regular past-tense inflection [ed], (b) postvocalic
consonant reduction /t/ and /d/ in final position, (c) devoicing final consonant /d/, and (d) /[theta],[?
1, the former postvocalic
* h that followed the vowel of the stem-initial syllable is, potentially, in all cases represented as stod, cf.
spirantization of a prefix consonant can be conditioned by the preceding stem
Barton argues for a near-piratical postvocalic
"r" in early modern English.
In another related study Labov (1973a) used micro-ethnography in a rapid and anonymous observation to analyze the pronunciation of the presence or absence of the constant (r) in postvocalic
The profusion of the abovementioned examples implies that the words that have retained the postvocalic
dental stop should be considered borrowings.
Since it is argued in the article that postvocalic
vowel-glide or glide-vowel sequences are in fact bimoraic, we may term such sequences diphthongs and treat them formally as diphthong formation rather than glide formation.
Denton (2003) examines the various effects of /r/ in early Germanic dialects and concludes that, whereas Proto-Germanic *r may have begun as an apical trill at least in onset positions, it was definitely weakened in postvocalic
positions in North and West Germanic, developing approximant allophones.