potentate

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po·ten·tate

 (pōt′n-tāt′)
n.
1. One who has the power and position to rule over others; a monarch.
2. One who dominates or leads a group or an endeavor: industrial potentates.

[Middle English potentat, from Old French, from Late Latin potentātus, from Latin, power, from potēns, present participle of posse, to be able; see potent.]

potentate

(ˈpəʊtənˌteɪt)
n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a person who possesses great power or authority, esp a ruler or monarch
[C14: from Late Latin potentātus ruler, from Latin: rule, command, from potens powerful, from posse to be able]

po•ten•tate

(ˈpoʊt nˌteɪt)

n.
a person who possesses great power, as a sovereign, monarch, or ruler.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin potentātus potentate, Latin: power, dominion. See potent1, -ate3]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.potentate - a ruler who is unconstrained by law
ruler, swayer - a person who rules or commands; "swayer of the universe"
shogun - a hereditary military dictator of Japan; the shoguns ruled Japan until the revolution of 1867-68
strongman - a powerful political figure who rules by the exercise of force or violence; "he is determined to bring down the Iraqi strongman"
autocrat, despot, tyrant - a cruel and oppressive dictator

potentate

noun ruler, king, prince, emperor, monarch, sovereign, mogul, overlord a rich Eastern potentate
Translations

potentate

[ˈpəʊtənteɪt] Npotentado m

potentate

[ˈpəʊtənteɪt] npotentat m

potentate

nPotentat m

potentate

[ˈpəʊtnˌteɪt] npotentato
References in classic literature ?
His bosom was loaded with medals, some in massive silver, and one or two even in gold, the gifts of various Christian potentates during the long period of his life.
I would not have it imagined, however, that he was one of those cruel potentates of the school who joy in the smart of their subjects; on the contrary, he administered justice with discrimination rather than severity; taking the burden off the backs of the weak, and laying it on those of the strong.
But be all this as it may; let the unseen, ambiguous synod in the air, or the vindictive princes and potentates of fire, have to do or not with earthly Ahab, yet, in this present matter of his leg, he took plain practical procedures; --he called the carpenter.
Legree, like some potentates we read of in history, governed his plantation by a sort of resolution of forces.
Princes, Potentates, Warriers, the Flowr of Heav'n, once yours, now lost, If such astonishment as this can sieze Eternal spirits; or have ye chos'n this place After the toyl of Battel to repose Your wearied vertue, for the ease you find To slumber here, as in the Vales of Heav'n?
His principal weight and influence in the republic are derived from this independent title; from his great patrimonial estates; from his family connections with some of the chief potentates of Europe; and, more than all, perhaps, from his being stadtholder in the several provinces, as well as for the union; in which provincial quality he has the appointment of town magistrates under certain regulations, executes provincial decrees, presides when he pleases in the provincial tribunals, and has throughout the power of pardon.
Athanase, the only guest loyal enough to stand by du Bousquier, had not the nerve to emit his ideas in the presence of those potentates of Alencon, whom in his heart he thought stupid.
Nevertheless, if any one should ask of me how comes it that the Church has attained such greatness in temporal power, seeing that from Alexander backwards the Italian potentates (not only those who have been called potentates, but every baron and lord, though the smallest) have valued the temporal power very slightly--yet now a king of France trembles before it, and it has been able to drive him from Italy, and to ruin the Venetians--although this may be very manifest, it does not appear to me superfluous to recall it in some measure to memory.
Wherefore, I am minded to put the Great Carbuncle on shipboard, and voyage with it to England, France, Spain, Italy, or into Heathendom, if Providence should send me thither, and, in a word, dispose of the gem to the best bidder among the potentates of the earth, that he may place it among his crown jewels.
Tom Platt remembered great days on the Ohio and the manners of foreign potentates who dined with the officers; and Long Jack, being Irish, supplied the small talk till all were at their ease.
And the like was done by that league (which Guicciardini saith was the security of Italy) made between Ferdinando King of Naples, Lorenzius Medici, and Ludovicus Sforza, potentates, the one of Florence, the other of Milan.
Last year it was Indian Potentates, the year before it was actors, this year it is millionaires.