A Your viewer is part of a category of antiques they call 'pre-cinema' and these include optical devices like the spinning zoetrope, the praxinoscope
and the humble flip book.
In the late nineteenth century there was a flurry of devices and a parade of names, which all contributed more or less, depending on one's perspective, to the development of cinematic culture in forms that we might recognise today: praxinoscope
, zoopraxiscope, chronophotographs, biofantascope, kinetograph, kinetophonograph, Reynaud, Muybridge, Marey, Friese-Green, Edison, to cite just a handful.
sculpture moved there as well, sandwiched between Depiction and a smaller perforated screen, also backlit, that incorporates a double-headed eagle.
From an 18th century Kinora - a motion picture for the home where a wheel is rotated by a handle and the pictures when viewed through a lens give the illusion of motion - to Praxinoscope
, Zoetropes and other objects operating on similar principle demonstrate early attempts at animation.