WHEN IT GETS COLD In pre-Christian
times, branches were brought into homes as they were believed to provide warmth for nature spirits.
Pagan Magic of the Northern Tradition: Customs, Rites, and Ceremonies discusses magic in pre-Christian
societies of Northern Europe, and how people believed in magic because it not only seemed to explain how the world worked, but it was part of their daily lives.
Celebrating midsummer is a pre-Christian
rite, which traditionally involved lighting bonfires to ward off the evil spirits.
Some European nationalists believed that cremation was a vital part of their pre-Christian
Holly, ivy and other greenery (eg mistletoe) were originally used in pre-Christian
times to celebrate the Winter Solstice Festival, repel evil spirits and celebrate new growth.
Others may look it up and learn that a demiurge, in some pre-Christian
cosmologies, was a kind of subordinate divinity Context is crucial, and the philosophers who speculated about demiurges were the heirs of polytheists.
Objective: The project "Islands in the West" will present the first systematic study of the mythical islands of pre-Christian
Europe: in a number of disciplines ranging from Scandinavian Studies to Classics, it has repeatedly been remarked that the mythological islands of Europe show striking similarities which might reflect far-reaching cultural contacts.
Witchcraft or Wicca, the ancient, pre-Christian
nature-based indigenous religion of Europe and the Middle East, and its sister earth-based Pagan traditions are among the fastest growing religions in the U.
inhabitants of Wales are believed to have looked at trees and inanimate objects such as rocks as possessing their own spiritual essence or soul, she said.
druids thought the world was alive and had its own spirit or soul.
Kyrie Eleison (Greek for "Lord have mercy"; the Latin transliteration supposes a pronunciation as in Modern Greek) is a very old, even pre-Christian
, expression used constantly in all Christian liturgies.
All layers of Syrian culture are now under attack -- including pre-Christian
, Christian and Muslim.