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 (prē′sō-krăt′ĭk, -sə-)
Of or relating to the Greek philosophers or philosophical systems of thought before Socrates.
A pre-Socratic philosopher.


(ˌpri səˈkræt ɪk)

1. of or pertaining to the philosophers or philosophical systems of the period before the Socratic period.
2. any philosopher of this period.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pre-Socratic - any philosopher who lived before Socrates
philosopher - a specialist in philosophy
Adj.1.pre-Socratic - before the time of Socrates
References in classic literature ?
He has not yet experienced the influence of the Sophists like Glaucon and Adeimantus, nor is he sensible of the necessity of refuting them; he belongs to the pre-Socratic or pre-dialectical age.
The subjects are Edward Jenner: Medical Innovation and Methodology in the late 18th Century, Pre-Socratic Philosophy, Military Campaigns of the Yellow Turban Rebellion - 184-205CE, Martin Luther King Jr, and London in 1666: Society, Politics and the Urban Environment in the Year of the Great Fire.
The Theaetetus indicates that, on the one hand, there are the pre-Socratic philosophers, who share Protagoras' interest in motion or nature, but who differ from the sophist by being altogether apolitical.
3) Developments about Glissant's kinship to other world advocates of Relation, including, perhaps, pre-Socratic philosophers, would have been welcome.
Lear paraphrases Pre-Socratic philosophers, such as Parmenides, who wrote, "Nor shall I allow you to speak or think of [being] as springing from not-being;" and Melissus, "in no way could anything come into being out of nothing.
Scham highlights specific moments of change in concepts on play and games, from pre-Socratic expressions of power to the later separation of play from serious concerns, reviewing also admonitions and prohibitions against, as well as positive exhortations to play, from later moralists and theorists.
Foreshadowing early modern providentialism, pre-Socratic philosophy deduced divine sanction for human action in contemporary interspecies relations, as man's dominion over animals was considered natural and mutually sustainable between species and thus part of a divine scheme.
Like early Greek thinkers, Dorn unites science with the metaphysical, substituting the semi divine Gunslinger for the unnamed goddess who initiates the inquirer in the pre-Socratic dialogue.
He explores the ideas of the pre-Socratic and classical Greek philosophers and their intellectual milieu, but also later Roman stoics.
In this context, the author refers to the pre-Socratic philosophers, who thought with their bodies, by walking, by connecting with the physical reality that surrounded them.
When I spoke with Argue at his studio, he discoursed fluently on everything from pre-Socratic philosophy to Borges.
Here Maurice brought together a remarkably comprehensive selection of existential voices from the pre-Socratic Heracleitus of Ephaesus, through the European theological and philosophical movements which laid the ground for those we generally regard as existential theorists, and on into the practical application of these ideas in psychotherapy.