pre-position


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Related to pre-position: conjunction, prepositional phrase, proposition

prep·o·si·tion 1

 (prĕp′ə-zĭsh′ən)
n. Abbr. prep.
A word or phrase placed typically before a substantive and indicating the relation of that substantive to a verb, an adjective, or another substantive, as English at, by, with, from, and in regard to.

[Middle English preposicioun, from Old French preposicion, from Latin praepositiō, praepositiōn-, a putting before, preposition (translation of Greek prothesis), from praepositus, past participle of praepōnere, to put in front : prae-, pre- + pōnere, to put; see apo- in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: It was John Dryden who first promulgated the doctrine that a preposition may not be used at the end of a sentence, probably on the basis of a specious analogy to Latin. Grammarians in the 1700s refined the doctrine, and the rule became a venerated maxim of schoolroom grammar. There has been some retreat from this position in recent years, however—what amounts to a recognition of the frequency with which prepositions end sentences in English. In fact, English syntax not only allows but sometimes even requires final placement of the preposition, as in We have much to be thankful for and That depends on what you believe in. Efforts to rewrite such sentences to place the preposition elsewhere can have stilted and even comical results, as is demonstrated in the saying (often attributed, probably falsely, to Winston Churchill) "This is the kind of pedantic nonsense up with which I will not put." · Even sticklers for the traditional rule can have no grounds for criticizing sentences such as I don't know where she will end up and It's the most curious book I've ever run across. In these examples, up and across are adverbs (or more properly, what linguists call particles), not prepositions. One sure sign that this is so is that these examples cannot be transformed into sentences with prepositional phrases. It is simply not grammatical English to say I don't know up where she will end and It's the most curious book across which I have ever run.

pre·po·si·tion 2

also pre-po·si·tion (prē′pə-zĭsh′ən)
tr.v. pre·po·si·tioned, pre·po·si·tion·ing, pre·po·si·tions also pre-po·si·tioned or pre-po·si·tion·ing or pre-po·si·tions
To position or place in position in advance: artillery that was prepositioned at strategic points in the desert.

pre-position

To place military units, equipment, or supplies at or near the point of planned use or at a designated location to reduce reaction time, and to ensure timely support of a specific force during initial phases of an operation.
References in periodicals archive ?
TALLINN, Ramadan 06, 1436, June 23, 2015, SPA -- The United States will pre-position tanks, artillery and other military equipment in eastern and central Europe, U.
Joyce Luma, WFP s Country Director in South Sudan stated, Support from the United States was vital last year in averting a hunger calamity in South Sudan, but our work is far from over, and this additional contribution will be critical in allowing us to pre-position food before the rainy season .
Furthermore, the WFP is preparing to pre-position food in places that will become inaccessible once the rainy season returns.
We have decided to pre-position a small number of Tornados in the region so that they could, if required, use their excellent surveillance capability to gather better situational awareness to help with humanitarian effort," a spokeswoman said.
CERF is a tool created by the United Nations to pre-position funding for humanitarian action.
As their name implies, these little words pre-position the nouns and verbs they modify.
Navy ships, chart ocean bottoms, conduct undersea surveillance, strategically pre-position combat cargo at sea around the world, and move military equipment and supplies used by deployed U.
Ammunition pre-position vessels return to Sunny Point for cargo maintenance cycles to inspect and test stocks and reconfigure loads as required.
According to the BBC, hiring a shop inside the mall helped the militants to pre-position weapons, access service lifts of the mall and re-arm quickly to repel the security forces.
Funds will be used to pre-position a critical package of emergency supplies, which will allow UNICEF to reach immediately large numbers of affected people in three key-life saving sectors, Health, Nutrition and WASH.