precedent


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Related to precedent: Stare decisis, set a precedent, Legal precedent

prec·e·dent

 (prĕs′ĭ-dənt)
n.
1.
a. An act or instance that may be used as an example in dealing with subsequent similar instances.
b. Law A judicial decision that is binding on other equal or lower courts in the same jurisdiction as to its conclusion on a point of law, and may also be persuasive to courts in other jurisdictions, in subsequent cases involving sufficiently similar facts.
2. Convention or custom arising from long practice: The president followed historical precedent in forming the Cabinet.
adj. (prĭ-sēd′nt, prĕs′ĭ-dənt)
Preceding.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praecēdēns, praecēdent-, present participle of praecēdere, to go before; see precede.]

precedent

n
1. (Law) law a judicial decision that serves as an authority for deciding a later case
2. an example or instance used to justify later similar occurrences
adj
preceding

prec•e•dent

(n. ˈprɛs ɪ dənt; adj. prɪˈsid nt, ˈprɛs ɪ dənt)

n.
1. an act or instance that may serve as an example or justification for subsequent situations.
2. a legal decision serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in similar cases that follow.
3. established practice; custom: to break with precedent.
adj.
4. preceding; prior.
pre•ce•dent
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin praecēdent- (s. of praecēdēns), present participle of praecēdere to go before, precede (see -ent)]
prec`e•den′tial (-ˈdɛn ʃəl) adj.

precedent

A decision made by a court that is taken as authorization or a standard in a subsequent case.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.precedent - an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
example, instance, illustration, representative - an item of information that is typical of a class or group; "this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome"; "there is an example on page 10"
2.precedent - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisionsprecedent - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
service - (law) the acts performed by an English feudal tenant for the benefit of his lord which formed the consideration for the property granted to him
civil law - the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
3.precedent - a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws; "common law originated in the unwritten laws of England and was later applied in the United States"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
4.precedent - a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time)
subject, theme, topic - the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme of love"
Adj.1.precedent - preceding in time, order, or significance
preceding - existing or coming before

precedent

noun instance, example, authority, standard, model, pattern, criterion, prototype, paradigm, antecedent, exemplar, previous example The trial could set an important precedent for similar cases.

precedent

noun
A closely similar case in existence or in the past:
adjective
Translations
سابِقَه
precedens
præcedens
ennakkotapaus
precedens
fordæmi
先例判例
사례
precedens
precedens

precedent

[ˈpresɪdənt] Nprecedente m (also Jur)
according to precedentde acuerdo con los precedentes
against all precedentcontra todos los precedentes
without precedentsin precedentes
to break with precedentromper con todo precedente
to establish or set a precedent (for sth)sentar un precedente (para algo)

precedent

[ˈprɛsɪdənt] nprécédent m
precedent for sth → précédent à qch
to establish a precedent → créer un précédent
to set a precedent → créer un précédent
without precedent → sans précédent

precedent

nPräzedenzfall m; (Jur also) → Präjudiz nt; according to precedentnach den bisherigen Fällen; against all the precedentsentgegen allen früheren Fällen; without precedentnoch nie da gewesen; to establish or create or set a precedenteinen Präzedenzfall schaffen; to break with precedentdem Präzedenzfall nicht mehr folgen; is there any precedent for this?ist der Fall schon einmal da gewesen?; there is no precedent for this decisiondiese Entscheidung kann sich nicht an einem vergleichbaren Fall ausrichten

precedent

[ˈprɛsɪdnt] n (also) (Law) → precedente m
without precedent → senza precedenti
to establish or set a precedent → creare un precedente

precede

(priˈsiːd) verb
to go, happen etc before. She preceded him into the room.
precedence (ˈpresidəns) noun
(the right of) going before in order of importance etc. This matter is urgent and should be given precedence over others at the moment.
ˌprecedent (ˈpresidənt) noun
a past action, especially a legal decision, which may act as a guide or rule in the future.
preˈceding adjective
on the preceding page.
References in classic literature ?
You see, it won't ever do for me, a brigadier in the regular army, to preside over that infant court-martial - there isn't any precedent for it, don't you see.
Miranda was rather mollified by and pleased with the turn of events, although she did not intend to show it, or give anybody any reason to expect that this expression of hospitality was to serve for a precedent on any subsequent occasion.
Vanstone was habitually silent; Norah kept herself obstinately in the background; Magdalen was quiet and undemonstrative beyond all former precedent.
Macey paused; he always gave his narrative in instalments, expecting to be questioned according to precedent.
Yet, with all this scope of precedent, I now enter upon the same task for the brief Constitutional term of four years under great and peculiar difficulty.
It appeared to me to be a thing impossible and contrary to all precedent that so good a knight should have been without some sage to undertake the task of writing his marvellous achievements; a thing that was never wanting to any of those knights-errant who, they say, went after adventures; for every one of them had one or two sages as if made on purpose, who not only recorded their deeds but described their most trifling thoughts and follies, however secret they might be; and such a good knight could not have been so unfortunate as not to have what Platir and others like him had in abundance.
These positions are, in the main, arbitrary; they are supported neither by principle nor precedent.
Had no important step been taken by the leaders of the Revolution for which a precedent could not be discovered, no government established of which an exact model did not present itself, the people of the United States might, at this moment have been numbered among the melancholy victims of misguided councils, must at best have been laboring under the weight of some of those forms which have crushed the liberties of the rest of mankind.
Acting, as was their wont, in strict accordance with precedent, the highest Circles of the realm were meeting in solemn conclave, as they had met on the first hour of the first day of the year 1000, and also on the first hour of the first day of the year 0.
They are unfettered by precedent in the administration of justice.
Its reception into the Union was a precedent which may have far-reaching effects hereafter, when the Pole and the Tropics may hold alliance to the Stars and Stripes.
But while voices from all parts of the house were tuning themselves to sing, a scene occurred, which, though not very unusual at that period in the province, happened to be without precedent in this parish.