predicate

(redirected from predicate upon)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

predicate

Sentences must always include both a subject and a predicate. The predicate is, essentially, everything in the sentences that follows the subject. It is made up of at least one finite verb, the action of which is performed by the subject.
Continue reading...

pred·i·cate

 (prĕd′ĭ-kāt′)
v. pred·i·cat·ed, pred·i·cat·ing, pred·i·cates
v.tr.
1. To base or establish (a statement or action, for example): I predicated my argument on the facts.
2. To state or affirm as an attribute or quality of something: The sermon predicated the perfectibility of humankind.
3. To carry the connotation of; imply.
4. Logic To make (a term or expression) the predicate of a proposition.
5. To proclaim or assert; declare.
v.intr.
To make a statement or assertion.
n. (-kĭt)
1. Grammar One of the two main constituents of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb, as opened the door in Jane opened the door or is very sleepy in The child is very sleepy.
2. Logic That part of a proposition that is affirmed or denied about the subject. For example, in the proposition We are mortal, mortal is the predicate.
adj. (-kĭt)
1. Grammar Of or belonging to the predicate of a sentence or clause.
2. Stated or asserted; predicated.

[Late Latin praedicāre, praedicāt-, from Latin, to proclaim : prae-, pre- + dicāre, to proclaim; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]

pred′i·ca′tion n.
pred′i·ca′tion·al adj.
pred′i·ca′tive adj.
pred′i·ca′tive·ly adv.

predicate

vb (mainly tr)
1. (also intr; when tr, may take a clause as object) to proclaim, declare, or affirm
2. to imply or connote
3. (foll by: on or upon) to base or found (a proposition, argument, etc)
4. (Logic) logic
a. to assert or affirm (a property, characteristic, or condition) of the subject of a proposition
b. to make (a term, expression, etc) the predicate of a proposition
n
5. (Grammar) grammar
a. the part of a sentence in which something is asserted or denied of the subject of a sentence; one of the two major components of a sentence, the other being the subject
b. (as modifier): a predicate adjective.
6. (Logic) logic
a. an expression that is derived from a sentence by the deletion of a name
b. a property, characteristic, or attribute that may be affirmed or denied of something. The categorial statement all men are mortal relates two predicates, is a man and is mortal
c. the term of a categorial proposition that is affirmed or denied of its subject. In this example all men is the subject, and mortal is the predicate
d. a function from individuals to truth values, the truth set of the function being the extension of the predicate
adj
of or relating to something that has been predicated
[C16: from Latin praedicāre to assert publicly, from prae in front, in public + dīcere to say]
ˌprediˈcation n

pred•i•cate

(v. ˈprɛd ɪˌkeɪt; adj., n. -kɪt)

v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing,
adj., n. v.t.
1. to proclaim; declare; affirm; assert.
2. Logic.
a. to affirm or assert (something) of the subject of a proposition.
b. to make (a term) the predicate of such a proposition.
3. to connote; imply: Their apology predicates a new attitude.
4. to found or derive (a statement, action, etc.); base (usu. fol. by on): to predicate one's behavior on faith in humanity.
v.i.
5. to make an affirmation or assertion.
adj.
6. predicated.
7. belonging to or used in the predicate of a sentence.
n.
8. a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a sentence, the other being the subject, and that consists of a verb and any words governed by the verb or modifying it, as objects, complements, or adverbs, the whole often expressing the action performed by or the state attributed to the subject, as is here in The package is here.
9. Logic. that which is affirmed or denied concerning the subject of a proposition.
[1400–50; late Middle English (< Middle French predicat) < Medieval Latin praedicātum, n. use of neuter of Latin praedicātus, past participle of praedicāre to declare publicly, assert =prae- pre- + dicāre to show, indicate, make known; compare preach]
pred`i•ca′tion, n.
pred`i•ca′tion•al, adj.
pred′i•ca`tive (-ˌkeɪ tɪv, -kə-) adj.
pred′i•ca`tive•ly, adv.

predicate


Past participle: predicated
Gerund: predicating

Imperative
predicate
predicate
Present
I predicate
you predicate
he/she/it predicates
we predicate
you predicate
they predicate
Preterite
I predicated
you predicated
he/she/it predicated
we predicated
you predicated
they predicated
Present Continuous
I am predicating
you are predicating
he/she/it is predicating
we are predicating
you are predicating
they are predicating
Present Perfect
I have predicated
you have predicated
he/she/it has predicated
we have predicated
you have predicated
they have predicated
Past Continuous
I was predicating
you were predicating
he/she/it was predicating
we were predicating
you were predicating
they were predicating
Past Perfect
I had predicated
you had predicated
he/she/it had predicated
we had predicated
you had predicated
they had predicated
Future
I will predicate
you will predicate
he/she/it will predicate
we will predicate
you will predicate
they will predicate
Future Perfect
I will have predicated
you will have predicated
he/she/it will have predicated
we will have predicated
you will have predicated
they will have predicated
Future Continuous
I will be predicating
you will be predicating
he/she/it will be predicating
we will be predicating
you will be predicating
they will be predicating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been predicating
you have been predicating
he/she/it has been predicating
we have been predicating
you have been predicating
they have been predicating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been predicating
you will have been predicating
he/she/it will have been predicating
we will have been predicating
you will have been predicating
they will have been predicating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been predicating
you had been predicating
he/she/it had been predicating
we had been predicating
you had been predicating
they had been predicating
Conditional
I would predicate
you would predicate
he/she/it would predicate
we would predicate
you would predicate
they would predicate
Past Conditional
I would have predicated
you would have predicated
he/she/it would have predicated
we would have predicated
you would have predicated
they would have predicated

predicate

The part of a sentence that asserts or denies something, often containing a verb and the object of the sentence.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.predicate - (logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition; the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first term by means of the copula; "`Socrates is a man' predicates manhood of Socrates"
logic - the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
term - one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition; "the major term of a syllogism must occur twice"
2.predicate - one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements
phrase - an expression consisting of one or more words forming a grammatical constituent of a sentence
Verb1.predicate - make the (grammatical) predicate in a proposition; "The predicate `dog' is predicated of the subject `Fido' in the sentence `Fido is a dog'"
interrelate, relate - be in a relationship with; "How are these two observations related?"
2.predicate - affirm or declare as an attribute or quality of; "The speech predicated the fitness of the candidate to be President"
assert, asseverate, maintain - state categorically
3.predicate - involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic; "solving the problem is predicated on understanding it well"
imply - suggest as a logically necessary consequence; in logic

predicate

verb
be predicated on be based on, rest on, be founded on, be built on, be established on, be grounded on The whole process of unification is predicated on the hope of economic growth.

predicate

verb
To provide a basis for:
Translations
خَبر المُبتَدأ
сказуемо
přísudekpredikát
prædikat
predikaatti
prédicatprédiquer
állítmány
umsögn, umsagnarliîur
predikatastarinys
izteicējs
prísudok

predicate

A. [ˈpredɪkɪt] N (Ling) → predicado m
B. [ˈpredɪkeɪt] VT
1. to be predicated (up)onestar basado en, partir de
2. (= imply) → implicar

predicate

[ˈprɛdɪkət] n (LINGUISTICS)prédicat m

predicate

n (Gram) → Prädikat nt, → Satzaussage f; (Logic) → Aussage f; predicate nounprädikatives Substantiv, Prädikativ(um) nt
vt (= imply, connote)aussagen; (= assert, state)behaupten; to predicate something on something (= base)etw auf etw (dat)gründen; to predicate something of something (= assert as quality of)etw von etw behaupten

predicate

[n, adj ˈprɛdɪkɪt; vb ˈprɛdɪˌkeɪt]
1. n (Gram) → predicato
2. adj (Gram) → predicativo/a
3. vt
a. (frm) (imply) → asserire
b. (frm) (idea) to be predicated on sthdipendere da qc

predicate

(ˈpredikət) noun
what is said about the subject of a sentence. We live in London; The president of the republic died.