predicate(redirected from predicates)
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Sentences must always include both a subject and a predicate. The predicate is, essentially, everything in the sentences that follows the subject. It is made up of at least one finite verb, the action of which is performed by the subject.
v. pred·i·cat·ed, pred·i·cat·ing, pred·i·cates
1. To base or establish (a statement or action, for example): I predicated my argument on the facts.
2. To state or affirm as an attribute or quality of something: The sermon predicated the perfectibility of humankind.
3. To carry the connotation of; imply.
4. Logic To make (a term or expression) the predicate of a proposition.
5. To proclaim or assert; declare.
To make a statement or assertion.
1. Grammar One of the two main constituents of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb, as opened the door in Jane opened the door or is very sleepy in The child is very sleepy.
2. Logic That part of a proposition that is affirmed or denied about the subject. For example, in the proposition We are mortal, mortal is the predicate.
1. Grammar Of or belonging to the predicate of a sentence or clause.
2. Stated or asserted; predicated.
[Late Latin praedicāre, praedicāt-, from Latin, to proclaim : prae-, pre- + dicāre, to proclaim; see deik- in Indo-European roots.]
vb (mainly tr)
1. (also intr; when tr, may take a clause as object) to proclaim, declare, or affirm
2. to imply or connote
3. (foll by: on or upon) to base or found (a proposition, argument, etc)
4. (Logic) logic
a. to assert or affirm (a property, characteristic, or condition) of the subject of a proposition
b. to make (a term, expression, etc) the predicate of a proposition
5. (Grammar) grammar
a. the part of a sentence in which something is asserted or denied of the subject of a sentence; one of the two major components of a sentence, the other being the subject
b. (as modifier): a predicate adjective.
6. (Logic) logic
a. an expression that is derived from a sentence by the deletion of a name
b. a property, characteristic, or attribute that may be affirmed or denied of something. The categorial statement all men are mortal relates two predicates, is a man and is mortal
c. the term of a categorial proposition that is affirmed or denied of its subject. In this example all men is the subject, and mortal is the predicate
d. a function from individuals to truth values, the truth set of the function being the extension of the predicate
of or relating to something that has been predicated
[C16: from Latin praedicāre to assert publicly, from prae in front, in public + dīcere to say]
pred•i•cate(v. ˈprɛd ɪˌkeɪt; adj., n. -kɪt)
v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing,
adj., n. v.t.
1. to proclaim; declare; affirm; assert.
a. to affirm or assert (something) of the subject of a proposition.
b. to make (a term) the predicate of such a proposition.
3. to connote; imply: Their apology predicates a new attitude.
4. to found or derive (a statement, action, etc.); base (usu. fol. by on): to predicate one's behavior on faith in humanity.v.i.
5. to make an affirmation or assertion.adj.
7. belonging to or used in the predicate of a sentence.n.
8. a syntactic unit that functions as one of the two main constituents of a sentence, the other being the subject, and that consists of a verb and any words governed by the verb or modifying it, as objects, complements, or adverbs, the whole often expressing the action performed by or the state attributed to the subject, as is here in The package is here.
9. Logic. that which is affirmed or denied concerning the subject of a proposition.
[1400–50; late Middle English (< Middle French predicat) < Medieval Latin praedicātum, n. use of neuter of Latin praedicātus, past participle of praedicāre to declare publicly, assert =prae- pre- + dicāre to show, indicate, make known; compare preach]
pred′i•ca`tive (-ˌkeɪ tɪv, -kə-) adj.
Past participle: predicated
The part of a sentence that asserts or denies something, often containing a verb and the object of the sentence.
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|Noun||1.||predicate - (logic) what is predicated of the subject of a proposition; the second term in a proposition is predicated of the first term by means of the copula; "`Socrates is a man' predicates manhood of Socrates"|
logic - the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
term - one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition; "the major term of a syllogism must occur twice"
|2.||predicate - one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the predicate contains the verb and its complements|
phrase - an expression consisting of one or more words forming a grammatical constituent of a sentence
|Verb||1.||predicate - make the (grammatical) predicate in a proposition; "The predicate `dog' is predicated of the subject `Fido' in the sentence `Fido is a dog'"|
|2.||predicate - affirm or declare as an attribute or quality of; "The speech predicated the fitness of the candidate to be President"|
|3.||predicate - involve as a necessary condition of consequence; as in logic; "solving the problem is predicated on understanding it well"|
imply - suggest as a logically necessary consequence; in logic
be predicated on be based on, rest on, be founded on, be built on, be established on, be grounded on The whole process of unification is predicated on the hope of economic growth.
predicate[ˈprɛdɪkət] n (LINGUISTICS) → prédicat m
n (Gram) → Prädikat nt, → Satzaussage f; (Logic) → Aussage f; predicate noun → prädikatives Substantiv, Prädikativ(um) nt
what is said about the subject of a sentence. We live in London; The president of the republic died. predikatief خَبر المُبتَدأ сказуемо predicado přísudek die Satzaussage prædikat κατηγόρημαpredicado öeldis مسند predikaatti prédicatנשוא विधेय gram.predikat állítmány predikat umsögn, umsagnarliður predicato 述部 술부 tarinys, predikatas izteicējs predikat gezegdeverbal, predikatorzeczenie مسند predicado predicat сказуемое prísudok predikat predikat predikat ภาคแสดง yüklem 謂語 присудок, предикат مسند، خبر khẳng định 谓语