preempt


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

pre·empt

 (prē-ĕmpt′)
v. pre·empt·ed, pre·empt·ing, pre·empts
v.tr.
1. To take the place of or take precedence over: Discussion of the water shortage will preempt the other topics on this week's agenda.
2.
a. To take action to prevent (an event or other action) from happening; forestall: "The [Joint] Chiefs ... proposed the use of nuclear weapons to preempt China's anticipated attack on Formosa" (James Carroll).
b. To take action to prevent (another) from acting.
3.
a. To acquire or take for oneself before others; appropriate: "I've preempted the forward compartment [of the boat] with two berths shaped like a V ... to make myself a double bunk" (Joan Gould).
b. To gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially to settle on (public land) so as to obtain the right to buy before others.
v.intr. Games
To make a preemptive bid in bridge.

[Back-formation from preemption.]

pre·emp′tor′ (-ĕmp′tôr′) n.
pre·emp′to·ry (-ĕmp′tə-rē) adj.

pre•empt

or pre-empt

(priˈɛmpt)

v.t.
1. to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy; claim.
2. to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate.
3. to take the place of because of priorities, rescheduling, etc.; supplant: A special news report preempted the game show.
4. to forestall or prevent (something anticipated) by acting first; head off.
v.i.
5. Bridge. to make a preemptive bid.
n.
6. Bridge. a preemptive bid.
[1840–50, Amer.; back formation from preemption]
pre•emp′ti•ble, adj.
pre•emp′tor (-tɔr, -tər) n.
pre•emp′to•ry (-tə ri) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preempt - a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding
bidding, bid - (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
Verb1.preempt - acquire for oneself before others can do so
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
2.preempt - take the place of or have precedence over; "live broadcast of the presidential debate preempts the regular news hour"; "discussion of the emergency situation will preempt the lecture by the professor"
supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant, replace - take the place or move into the position of; "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left"; "the computer has supplanted the slide rule"; "Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school"
3.preempt - gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially so as to obtain the right to buy (land)
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
4.preempt - make a preemptive bid in the game of bridge
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
bid, call - make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; "He called his trump"

preempt

or pre-empt
verb
1. To lay claim to for oneself or as one's right:
2. To cause to be busy or in use:
References in periodicals archive ?
The legislation would preempt states from banning walrus ivory or whale bone products that have been legally carved by Alaska Natives under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.
com/1-in-5-enterprise-passwords-compromised) study conducted by authentication company Preempt, which used data collected from 220 organizations that use the Preempt Inspector application, which assesses an organization's password health.
Conversations about how progressive states should resist regressive Trump administration policies and sidestep Republican control of Congress often ignore the elephant in the room-the power of the federal government to preempt state regulations and even the ability of victims of corporate abuse to seek relief in state courts.
Coventry Health Care argued that FEHBA should preempt the state law.
FCC, (1) the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit dealt a major setback to the FCC's attempt to preempt state laws that restricted expansion of municipal broadband service networks.
The state's highest court concluded that HIPAA does not preempt claims for emotional distress or negligence under state law.
He said the investigation agencies lack the comprehensive legal powers to collect evidence through surveillance or interception although such legal cover is available to intelligence agencies in several other jurisdictions to preempt and prevent acts of crime or terror.
LONDON--Twenty-five percent of chronic migraine patients experience at least a 75% reduction in headache days per month at 6 months after treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A, according to a new data analysis from the landmark PREEMPT trials.
A Healthy People 2020 objective (TU-16) calls for eliminating state laws that preempt any type of local tobacco control law (1).
The OCC proposal released on Wednesday lays out details of the process it would undertake when it does decide to preempt a state.
The court certified its decision for interlocutory appeal and certified, upon motion of the plaintiffs, the following question for appeal to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals: Does federal law preempt the standards for air safety but preserve state and territorial damage remedies?
On August 18, 2010, the Appellate Court of Illinois, First District, overturned a grant of summary judgment by the Circuit Court of Cook County, finding that the Dramshop Act does not preempt claims based on legal theories independent from the defendant's provision of alcohol.