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v. pre·empt·ed, pre·empt·ing, pre·empts
1. To take the place of or take precedence over: Discussion of the water shortage will preempt the other topics on this week's agenda.
a. To take action to prevent (an event or other action) from happening; forestall: "The [Joint] Chiefs ... proposed the use of nuclear weapons to preempt China's anticipated attack on Formosa" (James Carroll).
b. To take action to prevent (another) from acting.
a. To acquire or take for oneself before others; appropriate: "I've preempted the forward compartment [of the boat] with two berths shaped like a V ... to make myself a double bunk" (Joan Gould).
b. To gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially to settle on (public land) so as to obtain the right to buy before others.
v.intr. Games
To make a preemptive bid in bridge.

[Back-formation from preemption.]

pre·emp′tor′ (-ĕmp′tôr′) n.
pre·emp′to·ry (-ĕmp′tə-rē) adj.


or pre-empt


1. to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy; claim.
2. to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate.
3. to take the place of because of priorities, rescheduling, etc.; supplant: A special news report preempted the game show.
4. to forestall or prevent (something anticipated) by acting first; head off.
5. Bridge. to make a preemptive bid.
6. Bridge. a preemptive bid.
[1840–50, Amer.; back formation from preemption]
pre•emp′ti•ble, adj.
pre•emp′tor (-tɔr, -tər) n.
pre•emp′to•ry (-tə ri) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preempt - a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding
bidding, bid - (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
Verb1.preempt - acquire for oneself before others can do so
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
2.preempt - take the place of or have precedence over; "live broadcast of the presidential debate preempts the regular news hour"; "discussion of the emergency situation will preempt the lecture by the professor"
supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant, replace - take the place or move into the position of; "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left"; "the computer has supplanted the slide rule"; "Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school"
3.preempt - gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially so as to obtain the right to buy (land)
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
4.preempt - make a preemptive bid in the game of bridge
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
bid, call - make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; "He called his trump"


or pre-empt
1. To lay claim to for oneself or as one's right:
2. To cause to be busy or in use:
References in classic literature ?
Then we have another weird neighbor, who printed a beautiful sign in English and tacked it on the door of his cabin, which we have preempted, warning us to destroy none of his belongings, and signing himself "Tarzan of the Apes.
Thus, all unread in philosophy, Daylight preempted for himself the position and vocation of a twentieth-century superman.
But its application "has evolved from a plain language interpretation, in which ERIA would have preempted nearly everything, to a more pragmatic interpretation, in which courts seek to preserve the goals of Congress when it passed ERISA, while maintaining state control in traditional fields of state regulation," Judge Nelson wrote.
The plaintiffs in the Federal Court suit -- the MBA and several of its member banks -- had argued that the federal Gramm Leach Bliley (GLB) financial modernization act which passed in 1999, as well as a more recent interpretation of the National Bank Act by the chief regulator of nationally chartered banks, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), preempted certain provisions of Massachusetts Insurance law.
In Riegel, the Court ruled 8-1 that state tort claims against the manufacturers of certain medical devices are preempted by federal law, while in Kent, an evenly divided court affirmed a Second Circuit ruling that the plaintiffs' products liability claims against a drug manufacturer could proceed under a unique Michigan law.
The court held that even though the public utility property was financed by the federal Rural Electrification Administration, the city's annexation right was not preempted by the federal Rural Electrification Act.
The ABA's lawsuit sought to prevent the Department of Corporations, the Department of Financial Institutions, the Department of Insurance and the Attorney General from enforcing the provisions of Senate Bill 1 because it was preempted by the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act.
All three found that the state law claims involved were preempted.
Rather, the Rule sets forth the types of state statutes that are and are not preempted by the Rule.
in 2000, the Supreme Court found that a state tort claim against an automobile manufacturer was preempted by a federal law that contained a specific provision declaring that the law was not meant to preclude any other redress.
In oral arguments today, Carter Phillips, the attorney representing EMA and WSPA, stated that the fleet rules are a form of local regulation that is expressly preempted and prohibited by the federal Clean Air Act, and that only the US EPA or ARB can legally establish emission standards for new vehicles and engines.
Judge Sue Robinson found that the ads were consistent with the FDA's approved labeling, held that the state law claims were therefore preempted, and granted the motion with prejudice.