preemptory


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Related to preemptory: peremptory, Peremptory norm

pre·empt

 (prē-ĕmpt′)
v. pre·empt·ed, pre·empt·ing, pre·empts
v.tr.
1. To take the place of or take precedence over: Discussion of the water shortage will preempt the other topics on this week's agenda.
2.
a. To take action to prevent (an event or other action) from happening; forestall: "The [Joint] Chiefs ... proposed the use of nuclear weapons to preempt China's anticipated attack on Formosa" (James Carroll).
b. To take action to prevent (another) from acting.
3.
a. To acquire or take for oneself before others; appropriate: "I've preempted the forward compartment [of the boat] with two berths shaped like a V ... to make myself a double bunk" (Joan Gould).
b. To gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially to settle on (public land) so as to obtain the right to buy before others.
v.intr. Games
To make a preemptive bid in bridge.

[Back-formation from preemption.]

pre·emp′tor′ (-ĕmp′tôr′) n.
pre·emp′to·ry (-ĕmp′tə-rē) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
It would codify disarmament obligations for nuclear-armed regimes that are not party to the NPT--but that are nonetheless bound--politically, by the international non-proliferation regime and, legally, by preemptory norms of customary international law to disarm.
The fall of the all-White jury list propelled a move towards covert discrimination through tactics such as racially-based preemptory challenges.
But the enacted version contained, as the Conference Report dryly put it, "a modification" to that section: This preemptory language was excised.
This would include disclosing Israeli war plans and cyber-warfare sources and methods to prevent a preemptory strike.
law (war crimes) rather than as a freestanding preemptory norm.
Stockman, "and does not have the right to assume preemptory police powers, that role being reserved to the States, many federal laws require the federal government to seek assistance from local law enforcement whenever the use of force may become necessary.
Citing Windsor as precedent on a similar issue, the Ninth Circuit has ruled that under heightened scrutiny, jurors cannot be struck by preemptory challenges on the basis of sexual preference.
The notion that the jurisdiction and decisions of the WTO can simply be prescribed by its member states ignores the issue of the domestic legitimacy of those delegations of authority and any potential conflict that might exist with human rights conventions and preemptory norms.
the use of race-based preemptory challenges by the prosecution in
As soon as the internal investigations are complete and the requisite preemptory rules are put in place, Godolphin will go from strength to strength and lead, once again, adherence to the highest standards in that gracious sport", he said.
The officer of the Francesco Morosini spoke in a preemptory, but friendly manner.
21] As a quintessential political act, a State may only be deemed to be acting against international law in recognizing a State if such recognition would be sanctioning the illegal use of or acquisition of territory by force, or violations of preemptory norms of international law such as racial discrimination.