preempt

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pre·empt

 (prē-ĕmpt′)
v. pre·empt·ed, pre·empt·ing, pre·empts
v.tr.
1. To take the place of or take precedence over: Discussion of the water shortage will preempt the other topics on this week's agenda.
2.
a. To take action to prevent (an event or other action) from happening; forestall: "The [Joint] Chiefs ... proposed the use of nuclear weapons to preempt China's anticipated attack on Formosa" (James Carroll).
b. To take action to prevent (another) from acting.
3.
a. To acquire or take for oneself before others; appropriate: "I've preempted the forward compartment [of the boat] with two berths shaped like a V ... to make myself a double bunk" (Joan Gould).
b. To gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially to settle on (public land) so as to obtain the right to buy before others.
v.intr. Games
To make a preemptive bid in bridge.

[Back-formation from preemption.]

pre·emp′tor′ (-ĕmp′tôr′) n.
pre·emp′to·ry (-ĕmp′tə-rē) adj.

pre•empt

or pre-empt

(priˈɛmpt)

v.t.
1. to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy; claim.
2. to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate.
3. to take the place of because of priorities, rescheduling, etc.; supplant: A special news report preempted the game show.
4. to forestall or prevent (something anticipated) by acting first; head off.
v.i.
5. Bridge. to make a preemptive bid.
n.
6. Bridge. a preemptive bid.
[1840–50, Amer.; back formation from preemption]
pre•emp′ti•ble, adj.
pre•emp′tor (-tɔr, -tər) n.
pre•emp′to•ry (-tə ri) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preempt - a high bid that is intended to prevent the opposing players from bidding
bidding, bid - (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
Verb1.preempt - acquire for oneself before others can do so
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
2.preempt - take the place of or have precedence over; "live broadcast of the presidential debate preempts the regular news hour"; "discussion of the emergency situation will preempt the lecture by the professor"
supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant, replace - take the place or move into the position of; "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left"; "the computer has supplanted the slide rule"; "Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school"
3.preempt - gain possession of by prior right or opportunity, especially so as to obtain the right to buy (land)
acquire, get - come into the possession of something concrete or abstract; "She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"; "They acquired a new pet"; "Get your results the next day"; "Get permission to take a few days off from work"
4.preempt - make a preemptive bid in the game of bridge
bridge - any of various card games based on whist for four players
bid, call - make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; "He called his trump"

preempt

or pre-empt
verb
1. To lay claim to for oneself or as one's right:
2. To cause to be busy or in use:
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, the bill preempts states from issuing bans on mammoth ivory products.
It is good that the Voting Rights Act of 1965 preempts state laws that restrict the rights of minority citizens to vote.
The justices themselves asked about whether a FEHBA provision that preempts the effect of state benefits laws on Federal Employees Health Benefits program plans delegates preemption authority to a private health plan contract, and whether delegating preemption authority to a private entity is appropriate.
AHIP said in its complaint that section 514 of ERISA preempts state laws that relate to self-funded health plans.
Mutual appealed to the 1st Circuit, arguing that the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) preempts design defect claims against generic drugs.
Courts have increasingly looked to federal law to determine liability and standard of care for such issues as in-flight air operations, pilot training and air space management, but they have been more reluctant to hold that federal law preempts state law in such areas as product manufacturing defects, failure to warn and on-ground aviation accidents.
Defendant alleges that section 1131-1 of the municipal code preempts plaintiff's ordinance.
However, state legislation that preempts lower-level action can impede local efforts to enact more stringent protections or to tailor laws to address local circumstances (1,6-9).
1) ERISA preempts state laws invalidating beneficiary designations pursuant to divorce.
Oral arguments in the case, in which the Court will decide whether FDA approval of drug labeling preempts state products liability suits against manufacturers of allegedly defective drugs, are set for November 3.
The federal Energy Policy and Conservation Act generally preempts state and local regulation of the energy efficiency of these products, unless a waiver of federal preemption has been granted by the U.