To provide a foundation for using the MPM, we first present an overview of the refugee experience and challenges encountered during displacement and premigration
, as well as those encountered during postdisplacement and postmigration.
That detailed retention fit these groups' sense of mission to retain premigration
traditions in America.
Refugees from various countries of origin have distinct kinds and interval of exposure to conceivably traumatic events and premigration
conditions, in addition to cultural dissimilarities as a reaction to stressful experiences.
The healthy immigrant effect, which is the overall good physical and mental health that new immigrants typically enjoy upon arrival to the host country, implies that the premigration
and the migration processes themselves, although stressful, may not inflict lasting negative psychological or physical effect; alternatively, the hope and optimism often associated with resettlement may offset the negative effects (Kirmayer et al.
In the case of the Arab immigrant, accumulation of possible premigration
trauma compounds the usual human condition, transforming the emotional state into one of crisis.
poverty, police harassment, racism and discrimination, and traumatic premigration
experiences such as genocide).
As part of the National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria initiative, CDC is working with interagency partners to expand premigration
TB screening beyond immigrants and refugees (10).
Studies are beginning to recognize the importance of premigration
factors, including levels of alcohol use before migration as well as the cultural influences of countries of origin (Sanchez et al.
wilfully erasing their premigration
linguistic and historical
The model of pre-acculturative stress-A premigration
study of potential migrants from Russia to Finland.
Beyond the Family: The Influence of Premigration
Group Status on the Educational Expectations of Immigrants' Children.
exposure to political violence and perpetration of intimate partner violence among immigrant men in Boston.