a) if they are introduced by a preposition and if they syntactically operate as prepositional objects of verbs or complements of adjectives (Vachek 1968: 103; DuUkova 1988: 575; Greenbaum 1996: 352, Janigova 2008: 91) (the abbreviations J1, J2, J3 and J4 stand for the four analysed texts of Appellate Judgments):
The corpus of J, on the other hand, contains higher incidence of gerundial clauses syntactically operating as direct object, prepositional object, and postmodifier.
Recall also that, in agreement with Levin, we have assumed that directionality/location, far from being an inherent property of run-verbs, is only provided when directional/local prepositional objects co-occur with these verbs.
From a syntactic perspective, this means that these verbs may alternatively take a direct object in the accusative case, as in (9a) and (10a), or a prepositional object introduced by on (occasionally by oet) followed by accusative case objects as in (9b) and (10b):
9% of the new topics in the journalistic texts are realized by direct or prepositional objects (in raw figures, 5 out of the 72 tokens identified):
Although with a much smaller rate of frequency (7%; in raw figures, 46 out of the 658 tokens analysed), clausal topics realized by personal pronouns and nominal groups functioning as direct or prepositional objects have also been identified in the thirty news items.
More specifically, my main concern is why prepositional objects of some adjectives are more frequently used in extraposition constructions than prepositional objects of other adjectives.
The purpose of the investigation was to determine the relative position of the prepositional objects of the 58 adjectives with respect to the second pole or verbal end group.
To me at that time, the in and the for were prepositions followed by prepositional objects
3, respectively, and the difference between objects and prepositional objects
The Afrikaans preposition vir, which derives from Dutch voor `for', has a couple of functions that distinguish it from its Dutch counterpart: besides marking beneficiaries and certain prepositional objects
, more or less as in Dutch, vir can also mark recipients and animate direct objects, which is an "un-Dutch" feature of Afrikaans.
1) The early stages of acquisition considered here include few predicates that take governed or other prepositional objects