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pre·serve

 (prĭ-zûrv′)
v. pre·served, pre·serv·ing, pre·serves
v.tr.
1. To keep from injury, peril, or harm; protect. See Synonyms at defend.
2. To keep in perfect or unaltered condition; maintain unchanged: fossils preserved in sediments; a film preserved in the archives.
3. To keep or maintain intact: tried to preserve family harmony.
4. To prepare (food) for storage or future use, as by canning or salting.
5. To prevent (organic bodies) from decaying or spoiling: preserved the specimen in a chemical solution.
6.
a. To protect (wildlife or natural resources) in a designated area, often for regulated hunting or fishing.
b. To maintain (an area) for the protection of wildlife or natural resources.
v.intr.
1. To treat fruit or other foods so as to prevent decay.
2. To maintain an area for the protection of wildlife or natural resources.
n.
1. Something that acts to preserve; a preservative.
2. often preserves Fruit cooked with sugar to protect against decay or fermentation.
3. An area maintained for the protection of wildlife or natural resources.
4. Something considered as being the exclusive province of certain persons: Ancient Greek is the preserve of scholars.

[Middle English preserven, from Old French preserver, from Medieval Latin praeservāre, from Late Latin, to observe beforehand : Latin prae-, pre- + Latin servāre, to guard, preserve; see ser- in Indo-European roots.]

pre·serv′a·bil′i·ty n.
pre·serv′a·ble adj.
pres′er·va′tion (prĕz′ər-vā′shən) n.
pre·serv′er n.

preserve

(prɪˈzɜːv)
vb (mainly tr)
1. to keep safe from danger or harm; protect
2. to protect from decay or dissolution; maintain: to preserve old buildings.
3. to maintain possession of; keep up: to preserve a façade of indifference.
4. to prevent from decomposition or chemical change
5. (Cookery) to prepare (food), as by freezing, drying, or salting, so that it will resist decomposition
6. (Cookery) to make preserves of (fruit, etc)
7. (Agriculture) to rear and protect (game) in restricted places for hunting or fishing
8. (Agriculture) (intr) to maintain protection and favourable conditions for game in preserves
n
9. something that preserves or is preserved
10. a special area or domain: archaeology is the preserve of specialists.
11. (Cookery) (usually plural) fruit, etc, prepared by cooking with sugar
12. (Hunting) an area where game is reared for private hunting or fishing
[C14: via Old French, from Late Latin praeservāre literally: to keep safe in advance, from Latin prae- before + servāre to keep safe]
preˈservable adj
preˌservaˈbility n
preˈservably adv
preservation n
preˈserver n

pre•serve

(prɪˈzɜrv)

v. -served, -serv•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to keep alive or in existence; make lasting: to preserve our liberties as free citizens.
2. to keep safe from harm or injury; protect or spare.
3. to keep up; maintain: to preserve historical monuments.
4. to keep possession of; retain: to preserve one's composure.
5. to prepare (food or any perishable substance) so as to resist decomposition or fermentation.
6. to prepare (fruit, vegetables, etc.) by cooking with sugar, pickling, canning, or the like.
7. to maintain and reserve (game, fish, etc.) for continued survival or for private use, as in hunting or fishing.
v.i.
8. to preserve fruit, vegetables, etc.; make preserves.
9. to maintain a preserve for game or fish, esp. for sport.
n.
10. something that preserves.
11. that which is preserved.
12. Usu., preserves. fruit, vegetables, etc., prepared by cooking with sugar.
13. a place set apart for protection and propagation of game or fish, esp. for sport.
[1325–75; Middle English < Medieval Latin praeservāre to guard (Late Latin: to observe) = Latin prae- pre- + servāre to watch over, keep, preserve]
pre•serv′a•ble, adj.
pre•serv′er, n.

preserve


Past participle: preserved
Gerund: preserving

Imperative
preserve
preserve
Present
I preserve
you preserve
he/she/it preserves
we preserve
you preserve
they preserve
Preterite
I preserved
you preserved
he/she/it preserved
we preserved
you preserved
they preserved
Present Continuous
I am preserving
you are preserving
he/she/it is preserving
we are preserving
you are preserving
they are preserving
Present Perfect
I have preserved
you have preserved
he/she/it has preserved
we have preserved
you have preserved
they have preserved
Past Continuous
I was preserving
you were preserving
he/she/it was preserving
we were preserving
you were preserving
they were preserving
Past Perfect
I had preserved
you had preserved
he/she/it had preserved
we had preserved
you had preserved
they had preserved
Future
I will preserve
you will preserve
he/she/it will preserve
we will preserve
you will preserve
they will preserve
Future Perfect
I will have preserved
you will have preserved
he/she/it will have preserved
we will have preserved
you will have preserved
they will have preserved
Future Continuous
I will be preserving
you will be preserving
he/she/it will be preserving
we will be preserving
you will be preserving
they will be preserving
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been preserving
you have been preserving
he/she/it has been preserving
we have been preserving
you have been preserving
they have been preserving
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been preserving
you will have been preserving
he/she/it will have been preserving
we will have been preserving
you will have been preserving
they will have been preserving
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been preserving
you had been preserving
he/she/it had been preserving
we had been preserving
you had been preserving
they had been preserving
Conditional
I would preserve
you would preserve
he/she/it would preserve
we would preserve
you would preserve
they would preserve
Past Conditional
I would have preserved
you would have preserved
he/she/it would have preserved
we would have preserved
you would have preserved
they would have preserved

preserve

To treat food so that it keeps in good condition.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.preserve - a domain that seems to be specially reserved for someone; "medicine is no longer a male preserve"
arena, domain, sphere, orbit, area, field - a particular environment or walk of life; "his social sphere is limited"; "it was a closed area of employment"; "he's out of my orbit"
2.preserve - a reservation where animals are protected
reservation, reserve - a district that is reserved for particular purpose
shooting preserve - a preserve on which hunting is permitted during certain months of the year
3.preserve - fruit preserved by cooking with sugarpreserve - fruit preserved by cooking with sugar
confiture - preserved or candied fruit
apple butter - thick dark spicy puree of apples
chowchow - a Chinese preserve of mixed fruits and ginger
jam - preserve of crushed fruit
lemon cheese, lemon curd - a conserve with a thick consistency; made with lemons and butter and eggs and sugar
jelly - a preserve made of the jelled juice of fruit
marmalade - a preserve made of the pulp and rind of citrus fruits
Verb1.preserve - keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; "preserve the peace in the family"; "continue the family tradition"; "Carry on the old traditions"
resume, restart, re-start - take up or begin anew; "We resumed the negotiations"
hang in, persevere, persist, hang on, hold on - be persistent, refuse to stop; "he persisted to call me every night"; "The child persisted and kept asking questions"
go forward, proceed, continue - move ahead; travel onward in time or space; "We proceeded towards Washington"; "She continued in the direction of the hills"; "We are moving ahead in time now"
perpetuate - cause to continue or prevail; "perpetuate a myth"
sustain, keep up, prolong - lengthen or extend in duration or space; "We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible"; "prolong the treatment of the patient"; "keep up the good work"
mummify - preserve while making lifeless; "mummified ideas and institutions should be gotten rid of"
hold, keep, maintain - keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes"
continue, go on, keep, go along, proceed - continue a certain state, condition, or activity; "Keep on working!"; "We continued to work into the night"; "Keep smiling"; "We went on working until well past midnight"
2.preserve - keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destructionpreserve - keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction; "We preserve these archeological findings"; "The old lady could not keep up the building"; "children must be taught to conserve our national heritage"; "The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts"
keep - look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
embalm - preserve a dead body
plastinate - preserve (tissue) with plastics, as for teaching and research purposes; "The doctor plastinates bodies to teach anatomy to his students"
hold the line - hold the line on prices; keep the price of something constant
3.preserve - to keep up and reserve for personal or special use; "She saved the old family photographs in a drawer"
record, enter, put down - make a record of; set down in permanent form
keep, hold on - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
economize, husband, economise, conserve - use cautiously and frugally; "I try to economize my spare time"; "conserve your energy for the ascent to the summit"
4.preserve - prevent (food) from rotting; "preserved meats"; "keep potatoes fresh"
freeze-dry - preserve by rapid freezing and subsequently drying in a vacuum; "freeze-dry the strawberries"
conserve - preserve with sugar; "Mom always conserved the strawberries we grew in the backyard"
dehydrate, desiccate - preserve by removing all water and liquids from; "carry dehydrated food on your camping trip"
pickle - preserve in a pickling liquid
salt - preserve with salt; "people used to salt meats on ships"
can, tin, put up - preserve in a can or tin; "tinned foods are not very tasty"
refrigerate - preserve by chilling; "many foods must be refrigerated or else they will spoil"
cure - prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve; "cure meats"; "cure pickles"; "cure hay"
corn - preserve with salt; "corned beef"
ready, prepare, cook, fix, make - prepare for eating by applying heat; "Cook me dinner, please"; "can you make me an omelette?"; "fix breakfast for the guests, please"
stay fresh, keep - fail to spoil or rot; "These potatoes keep for a long time"
5.preserve - maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger; "May God keep you"
protect - shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; "Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain"
keep - look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; "He keeps the shop when I am gone"
6.preserve - keep undisturbed for personal or private use for hunting, shooting, or fishing; "preserve the forest and the lakes"
hold, keep, maintain - keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., "keep clean"; "hold in place"; "She always held herself as a lady"; "The students keep me on my toes"

preserve

verb
1. maintain, keep, continue, retain, sustain, keep up, prolong, uphold, conserve, perpetuate, keep alive We will do everything we can to preserve peace.
maintain end, drop, give up, abandon, discontinue
2. protect, keep, save, maintain, guard, defend, secure, shelter, shield, care for, safeguard, conserve We need to preserve the rainforests.
protect attack, turn out, assault, assail, leave unprotected
3. keep, save, store, can, dry, bottle, salt, cure, candy, pickle, conserve ginger preserved in syrup
noun
1. (often plural) jam, jelly, conserve, marmalade, confection, sweetmeat, confiture jars of pear and blackberry preserves
2. area, department, field, territory, province, arena, orbit, sphere, realm, domain, specialism The conduct of foreign policy is largely the preserve of the president.
3. reserve, reservation, sanctuary, game reserve one of the world's great wildlife preserves

preserve

verb
1. To protect (an asset) from loss or destruction:
2. To keep safe from danger, attack, or harm:
Archaic: fend.
3. To keep in a condition of good repair, efficiency, or use:
4. To prepare (food) for storage and future use:
noun
Public land kept for a special purpose:
Translations
حِفْظمَحْمِيَّة حَيوانات صَيْدمِنْطَقَةٌ لا يـُمْكِنُ الصَيْدُ فيهايَحْفَظُيَقي، يُحافِظ على
rezervaceuchovatzavařeninachránithájemství
reservatsyltetøjbeskyttebevarekonservere
suojelualue
rezervat
befõttbefõzrezervátum
athöfn sem takmarkaîur aîgangur er aîsjóîa niîursulta; niîursoînir ávextirvarîveitavernda, varîveita
保護区
보호구역
draustinisišimtinai kam skirta sritisišsaugojimaskonservaikonservantas
glabātkonservētkonserviliegumspasargāt
revíruchrániť
konzerviratiohranitivkuhati
reservat
เขตสงวน
hayvan koruma alanıkonservesini/reçelini yapmakkoruma alanıkorumak
khu bảo tồn

preserve

[prɪˈzɜːv]
A. VT
1. (= keep in existence) [+ endangered species, jobs, language] → proteger, preservar; [+ customs, silence, reputation] → conservar, mantener; [+ sense of humour, memory] → conservar
we will do everything to preserve (the) peaceharemos todo lo posible por mantener la paz
as a doctor, it was my duty to preserve lifecomo médico, era mi deber salvar vidas
to preserve sb's anonymitymantener a algn en el anonimato
2. (= keep from decay) [+ object, environment, meat] → conservar
perfectly preserved medieval housescasas fpl medievales en perfecto estado
to preserve one's looksconservar el atractivo
to preserve the status quomantener el statu quo
the body was preserved in iceel cuerpo se conservaba en hielo
see also aspic, well-preserved
3. (esp Brit) (Culin) (= bottle, pickle, etc) [+ fruit] → hacer conservas de; [+ meat, fish] → conservar
peppers and chillies may be preserved in oillos pimientos y los chiles se pueden conservar en aceite
to preserve sth in saltconservar algo en sal
4. (= protect)
4.1. (gen) → proteger
to preserve sth from/against sthproteger algo de algo
paint the metal to preserve it from corrosionpinte el metal para protegerlo de la corrosión
4.2. (in prayers, wishes) may God preserve youque Dios os ampare
God or Heaven or saints preserve us!¡que Dios nos ampare!
heaven preserve us from little boys (hum) → que Dios nos proteja de los niños
5. (for private hunting, fishing) [+ game] → proteger
B. N
1. (Culin)
1.1. (= jam) → mermelada f, confitura f; (= bottled fruit, chutney) → conserva f
damson preservemermelada f or confitura f de ciruela damascena
1.2. preservesconservas fpl
2. (= restricted area)
2.1. (Hunting) → coto m, vedado m; (for wildlife) → reserva f
see also game D
see also wildlife B
2.2. (fig) → dominio m
banking has remained almost exclusively a male preservela banca sigue siendo casi exclusivamente del dominio masculino
they are poaching on my preserveestán invadiendo mi terreno

preserve

[prɪˈzɜːrv]
vt
(= maintain) [+ status quo, peace, way of life, standards] → préserver
(= protect) [+ forest, building, monument] → préserver
perfectly preserved → parfaitement préservé
[+ food] → mettre en conserve preserved ginger
n
(= jam) → confiture f
a spiced cranberry preserve to go with the turkey → de la confiture de canneberges épicée pour aller avec la dinde
(for game, fish)réserve f
(= domain) → domaine m réservé
to be the preserve of sb → être le domaine réservé de qn
a male preserve → un domaine réservé aux hommes
a working class preserve → un domaine réservé de la classe ouvrièrepreserved ginger n
preserved ginger in syrup → du gingembre au sirop en conserve

preserve

vt
(= keep intact, maintain) customs, building, position, eyesight, manuscripterhalten; peacewahren, erhalten; dignity, appearanceswahren; memory, reputationaufrechterhalten, wahren; sense of humour, silencebewahren
(= keep from decay)konservieren; specimens etcpräservieren; leather, woodschützen
(Cook) → einmachen, einkochen; (= pickle)einlegen; preserving jarWeckglas® nt, → Einmachglas nt
(= keep from harm, save)bewahren; may God preserve you!Gott behüte dich!; to preserve somebody from somethingjdn vor etw (dat)schützen or bewahren; heaven or the saints preserve me from that! (iro)der Himmel möge mich damit verschonen or möge mir das ersparen!
(Hunt) game, fishschützen, hegen; preserved fishing/river/woodunter Schutz stehende Fische/stehender Fluss/Wald
n
preserves pl (Cook) → Eingemachtes nt; peach preserve(s)eingemachte Pfirsiche pl; (= jam)Pfirsichmarmelade f
(= special domain)Ressort nt; this was once the preserve of the wealthydies war einst eine Domäne der Reichen; to poach on somebody’s preserve(s)jdm ins Handwerk pfuschen; game preserve (Hunt) → Jagd f, → Jagdrevier nt

preserve

[prɪˈzɜːv]
1. vt
a. (maintain, traditions) → conservare, mantenere; (dignity, peace) → mantenere; (keep intact, buildings, memory) → conservare
b. (keep from decay) → preservare, proteggere
well preserved → ben conservato/a
he is well preserved (hum) → si conserva bene
d. (keep from harm, save) → proteggere
preserve me from that! → (che) Dio mi scampi!
2. n
a. (domain) → dominio
b. (reservation) → riserva
c. (often pl, jam) → marmellata; (bottled fruit) → frutta sciroppata

preserve

(priˈzəːv) verb
1. to keep safe from harm. (May) Heaven preserve us from danger!
2. to keep in existence. They have managed to preserve many old documents.
3. to treat (food), eg by cooking it with sugar, so that it will not go bad. What is the best method of preserving raspberries?
noun
1. an activity, kind of work etc in which only certain people are allowed to take part.
2. a place where game animals, birds etc are protected. a game preserve.
3. jam. blackberry jam and other preserves.
ˌpreserˈvation (pre-) noun
the action of preserving or the state or process of being preserved.
preˈservative (-vətiv) noun
something that preserves, especially that prevents food etc from going bad. a chemical preservative.

preserve

مِنْطَقَةٌ لا يـُمْكِنُ الصَيْدُ فيها rezervace reservat Reservat καταφύγιο άγριας ζωής reserva suojelualue réserve rezervat riserva 保護区 보호구역 reservaat reservat rezerwat reserva de terra, reserva natural заповедник reservat เขตสงวน koruma alanı khu bảo tồn 自然保护区

preserve

v. preservar, conservar.

preserve

vt preservar; to preserve cognitive function..preservar la función cognitiva
References in classic literature ?
Aware of the necessity of preserving the dignity of his imaginary character, however, he repressed his feelings, and answered with suitable mystery:
Here was a man some twenty thousand miles from home, by the way of Cape Horn, that is --which was the only way he could get there --thrown among people as strange to him as though he were in the planet Jupiter; and yet he seemed entirely at his ease; preserving the utmost serenity; content with his own companionship; always equal to himself.
Preserving an interval of some few yards between itself and the ship, the Jeroboam's boat by the occasional use of its oars contrived to keep parallel to the Pequod, as she heavily forged through the sea (for by this time it blew very fresh), with her main-topsail aback; though, indeed, at times by the sudden onset of a large rolling wave, the boat would be pushed some way ahead; but would be soon skilfully brought to her proper bearings again.
He can sit down and write a fine flourishing letter, full of professions and falsehoods, and persuade himself that he has hit upon the very best method in the world of preserving peace at home and preventing his father's having any right to complain.
I inquired, still preserving my external composure, in spite of her ghastly countenance and strange, exaggerated manner.
It was from the medical attendant on her invalid brother at Zurich; and it announced that the patient's malady had latterly altered in so marked a manner for the better that there was every hope now of preserving his life.
I am not a bad compiler, Copperfield,' said Traddles, preserving the same air of cheerful confidence in all he said, 'but I have no invention at all; not a particle.
said Estella, preserving her attitude of indifference as she leaned against the great chimney-piece and only moving her eyes; "do you reproach me for being cold?
The Preceptors, of whom there were four present, occupied seats lower in height, and somewhat drawn back behind that of their superior; and the knights, who enjoyed no such rank in the Order, were placed on benches still lower, and preserving the same distance from the Preceptors as these from the Grand Master.
At last, I fixed upon a resolution, for which it is probable I may incur some censure, and not unjustly; for I confess I owe the preserving of mine eyes, and consequently my liberty, to my own great rashness and want of experience; because, if I had then known the nature of princes and ministers, which I have since observed in many other courts, and their methods of treating criminals less obnoxious than myself, I should, with great alacrity and readiness, have submitted to so easy a punishment.
I should be the first to delight at your return, if you were not so bent on preserving a secrecy that may be fatal to you.
The result of these observations to an intelligent mind must be clearly this, that if it be possible at any rate to construct a federal government capable of regulating the common concerns and preserving the general tranquillity, it must be founded, as to the objects committed to its care, upon the reverse of the principle contended for by the opponents of the proposed Constitution.