pressure


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Related to pressure: hydrostatic pressure, force, blood pressure, air pressure

pres·sure

 (prĕsh′ər)
n.
1.
a. The act of pressing.
b. The condition of being pressed.
2. The application of continuous force by one body on another that it is touching; compression.
3. Abbr. P Physics Force applied uniformly over a surface, measured as force per unit area.
4. Meteorology Atmospheric pressure.
5.
a. A compelling or constraining influence, such as persuasion or negative attitudes, on the mind or will: felt pressure to conform; peer-group pressure.
b. An influence acting as a source of distress or hardship: economic pressures forcing people to work two jobs.
c. Sports Sustained, effective play that puts an opponent at a disadvantage: Defensive pressure forced the quarterback to throw interceptions.
d. The condition of being subjected to physical, mental, social, or economic distress: doesn't work well under pressure.
6. A physical sensation produced by compression of a part of the body.
7. Archaic A mark made by application of force or weight; an impression.
tr.v. pres·sured, pres·sur·ing, pres·sures
1. To force or try to force, as by influence or persuasion: The salesman pressured us to buy the car right away.
2. To pressurize.
3. To pressure-cook.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pressūra, from pressus, past participle of premere, to press; see per- in Indo-European roots.]

pressure

(ˈprɛʃə)
n
1. the state of pressing or being pressed
2. the exertion of force by one body on the surface of another
3. a moral force that compels: to bring pressure to bear.
4. an urgent claim or demand or series of urgent claims or demands: to work under pressure.
5. a burdensome condition that is hard to bear: the pressure of grief.
6. (General Physics) the normal force applied to a unit area of a surface, usually measured in pascals (newtons per square metre), millibars, torr, or atmospheres. Symbol: p or P
7. (General Physics) short for atmospheric pressure, blood pressure
vb
8. (tr) to constrain or compel, as by the application of moral force
9. another word for pressurize
[C14: from Late Latin pressūra a pressing, from Latin premere to press]
ˈpressureless adj

pres•sure

(ˈprɛʃ ər)

n., v. -sured, -sur•ing. n.
1. the exertion of force upon a surface by an object, fluid, etc., in contact with it.
2. Physics. force per unit area. Symbol: P
3. the state of being pressed or compressed.
4. harassment; oppression; stress: the pressures of daily life.
5. a constraining or compelling force or influence: social pressures.
6. urgency, as of affairs or business: He works well under pressure.
v.t.
9. to force toward a particular end by exerting a constraining or compelling influence; coerce: They pressured him into accepting.
10. to pressurize.
[1350–1400; Middle English (n.) < Latin pressūra. See press1, -ure]

pres·sure

(prĕsh′ər)
Continuous force applied to a gas, liquid, or solid by another gas, liquid, or solid. Pressure is expressed as the amount of force applied per unit of area.

pressure


Past participle: pressured
Gerund: pressuring

Imperative
pressure
pressure
Present
I pressure
you pressure
he/she/it pressures
we pressure
you pressure
they pressure
Preterite
I pressured
you pressured
he/she/it pressured
we pressured
you pressured
they pressured
Present Continuous
I am pressuring
you are pressuring
he/she/it is pressuring
we are pressuring
you are pressuring
they are pressuring
Present Perfect
I have pressured
you have pressured
he/she/it has pressured
we have pressured
you have pressured
they have pressured
Past Continuous
I was pressuring
you were pressuring
he/she/it was pressuring
we were pressuring
you were pressuring
they were pressuring
Past Perfect
I had pressured
you had pressured
he/she/it had pressured
we had pressured
you had pressured
they had pressured
Future
I will pressure
you will pressure
he/she/it will pressure
we will pressure
you will pressure
they will pressure
Future Perfect
I will have pressured
you will have pressured
he/she/it will have pressured
we will have pressured
you will have pressured
they will have pressured
Future Continuous
I will be pressuring
you will be pressuring
he/she/it will be pressuring
we will be pressuring
you will be pressuring
they will be pressuring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pressuring
you have been pressuring
he/she/it has been pressuring
we have been pressuring
you have been pressuring
they have been pressuring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pressuring
you will have been pressuring
he/she/it will have been pressuring
we will have been pressuring
you will have been pressuring
they will have been pressuring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pressuring
you had been pressuring
he/she/it had been pressuring
we had been pressuring
you had been pressuring
they had been pressuring
Conditional
I would pressure
you would pressure
he/she/it would pressure
we would pressure
you would pressure
they would pressure
Past Conditional
I would have pressured
you would have pressured
he/she/it would have pressured
we would have pressured
you would have pressured
they would have pressured

pressure

Force per unit area.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pressure - the force applied to a unit area of surfacepressure - the force applied to a unit area of surface; measured in pascals (SI unit) or in dynes (cgs unit); "the compressed gas exerts an increased pressure"
physical phenomenon - a natural phenomenon involving the physical properties of matter and energy
blood pressure - the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health; "adult blood pressure is considered normal at 120/80 where the first number is the systolic pressure and the second is the diastolic pressure"
gas pressure - the pressure exerted by a gas
head - the pressure exerted by a fluid; "a head of steam"
hydrostatic head - the pressure at a given point in a liquid measured in terms of the vertical height of a column of the liquid needed to produce the same pressure
intraocular pressure, IOP - pressure exerted by the fluids inside the eyeball; regulated by resistance to the outward flow of aqueous humor; "glaucoma can result from increased intraocular pressure"
oil pressure - pressure that keeps oil on the moving parts of an internal-combustion engine
osmotic pressure - (physical chemistry) the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
corpuscular-radiation pressure, radiation pressure - the minute pressure exerted on a surface normal to the direction of propagation of a wave
instantaneous sound pressure, sound pressure - the difference between the instantaneous pressure at a point in a sound field and the average pressure at that point
suction - a force over an area produced by a pressure difference
vapor pressure, vapour pressure - the pressure exerted by a vapor; often understood to mean saturated vapor pressure (the vapor pressure of a vapor in contact with its liquid form)
2.pressure - a force that compels; "the public brought pressure to bear on the government"
force - a powerful effect or influence; "the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
3.pressure - the act of pressingpressure - the act of pressing; the exertion of pressure; "he gave the button a press"; "he used pressure to stop the bleeding"; "at the pressing of a button"
push, pushing - the act of applying force in order to move something away; "he gave the door a hard push"; "the pushing is good exercise"
impression - the act of pressing one thing on or into the surface of another; "he watched the impression of the seal on the hot wax"
compressing, compression - applying pressure
4.pressure - the state of demanding notice or attention; "the insistence of their hunger"; "the press of business matters"
urgency - the state of being urgent; an earnest and insistent necessity
5.pressure - the somatic sensation that results from applying force to an area of skin; "the sensitivity of his skin to pressure and temperature was normal"
somaesthesia, somatesthesia, somatic sensation, somesthesia - the perception of tactual or proprioceptive or gut sensations; "he relied on somesthesia to warn him of pressure changes"
6.pressure - an oppressive condition of physical or mental or social or economic distress
distress - a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need); "a ship in distress"; "she was the classic maiden in distress"
7.pressure - the pressure exerted by the atmospherepressure - the pressure exerted by the atmosphere
gas pressure - the pressure exerted by a gas
barometric pressure - atmospheric pressure as indicated by a barometer
compartment pressure - the air pressure maintained in an air-tight compartment (as in an aircraft)
overpressure - a transient air pressure greater than the surrounding atmospheric pressure; "the overpressure of the blast kills by lethal concussion"
sea-level pressure - the atmospheric pressure reduced by a formula to the pressure at sea level
Verb1.pressure - to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :"She forced him to take a job in the city"; "He squeezed her for information"
turn up the heat, turn up the pressure - apply great or increased pressure; "The Democrats turned up the heat on their candidate to concede the election"
drive - to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly; "She is driven by her passion"
bludgeon - overcome or coerce as if by using a heavy club; "The teacher bludgeoned the students into learning the math formulas"
steamroll, steamroller - bring to a specified state by overwhelming force or pressure; "The Senator steamrollered the bill to defeat"
squeeze for - squeeze someone for money, information, etc.
dragoon, railroad, sandbag - compel by coercion, threats, or crude means; "They sandbagged him to make dinner for everyone"
terrorise, terrorize - coerce by violence or with threats
compel, obligate, oblige - force somebody to do something; "We compel all students to fill out this form"
bring oneself - cause to undertake a certain action, usually used in the negative; "He could not bring himself to call his parents"
2.pressure - exert pressure on someone through threats
act upon, influence, work - have and exert influence or effect; "The artist's work influenced the young painter"; "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"

pressure

noun
1. force, crushing, squeezing, compressing, weight, compression, heaviness The pressure of his fingers had relaxed.
2. power, influence, force, obligation, constraint, sway, compulsion, coercion He may be putting pressure on her to agree.
3. stress, demands, difficulty, strain, press, heat, load, burden, distress, hurry, urgency, hassle (informal), uphill (S. African), adversity, affliction, exigency The pressures of modern life are great.
verb
1. force, influence, persuade, compel, intimidate, drive, badger, coerce, bulldoze, brainwash, dragoon, pressurize, breathe down someone's neck, browbeat, press-gang, prevail on, twist someone's arm (informal), turn on the heat (informal), put the screws on (slang) He claimed the police pressured him to change his testimony.
Quotations
"If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen" [Harry S. Truman]

pressure

noun
1. The act, condition, or effect of exerting force on someone or something:
2. Power used to overcome resistance:
verb
1. To cause (a person or thing) to act or move in spite of resistance:
2. To maintain normal air pressure in:
Translations
ضَغْطضَغط للإقْناع، إجْبارضَغْط، ثِقَل، عِبءيَضْغَط
tlakčinit nátlaktíha
tryktrykketvangpres
painepainostaa
pritisakvršiti pritisak
légnyomás
álagòrÿstinguròrÿstingur, álag
圧力圧力を加える
압력압력을 가하다
greitpuodisįtampaslėgis
slodzespiediensspriedzeuzstājība
tlak
pritiskpritiskatiprisiliti
tryckutöva påtryckning
กดดันให้ทำความกดดัน
áp suấtgây áp lực

pressure

[ˈpreʃəʳ]
A. N
1. (lit)
1.1. (Phys, Tech, Met) → presión f
a pressure of 200kg to the square metreuna presión de 200kg por metro cuadrado
oil/water pressurepresión f del aceite/del agua
at full pressure (Tech) → a toda presión
high/low pressurealta/baja presión f
could you check the tyre pressure?¿me puede mirar la presión de los neumáticos?
under pressurea presión
see also atmospheric B
see also blood B
see also diastolic, high-pressure, systolic
1.2. (from hand, foot, etc) → presión f
he felt the pressure of her hand on his shouldernotó la presión de su mano en el hombro
it took a bit of pressure to make the lid closese tuvo que hacer un poco de fuerza para cerrar la tapa
to apply or put pressure (up)on sthhacer or ejercer presión sobre algo
2. (fig) → presión f
because of parental pressuredebido a la presión de los padres
I left the job because I couldn't stand the pressuredejé el trabajo porque no aguantaba la presión
the pressures of modern lifelas presiones de la vida moderna
to bring pressure to bear on sb (to do sth) (frm) → ejercer presión sobre algn (para que haga algo)
to put pressure on sb (to do sth)presionar a algn (para que haga algo)
it will put intense pressure on our already overstretched resourcessupondrá una gran carga sobre nuestros recursos, ya apurados al máximo
to put the pressure on, pile on the pressureapretar los tornillos
it will take some of the pressure off meme aliviará un poco la carga
the cut in interest rates will take the pressure off sterlingla reducción de los tipos de interés eliminará la presión existente sobre la libra esterlina
pressure of time prevented her from dealing with all the problemsel apremio del tiempo no le permitió tratar todos los problemas
they were aware of the pressure of timeeran conscientes de que el tiempo se les echaba encima
under pressure to act/work under pressureobrar/trabajar bajo presión
he is under pressure to sign the agreementle están presionando para que firme el acuerdo
the head resigned under pressure from parentsel director dimitió presionado por los padres
he's under a lot of pressureestá bajo mucha presión, está sometido a mucha presión
I was unable to go due to pressure of workno pude ir por razones de trabajo
see also peer B
B. VT (= pressurize) → presionar
to pressure sb to do sthpresionar a algn para que haga algo
to pressure sb into doing sthobligar a algn a hacer algo
C. CPD pressure cabin N (Aer, Space) → cabina f presurizada
pressure cooker N (lit) → olla f a presión, olla f exprés (fig) → polvorín m
the country is a political pressure cookerel país es un polvorín político
pressure feed Ntubo m de alimentación a presión
pressure gauge Nmanómetro m
pressure group Ngrupo m de presión
pressure pan N (US) = pressure cooker pressure point N (Anat) → punto m de presión
pressure suit Ntraje m de presión compensada

pressure

[ˈprɛʃər]
n
(= force produced by pressing) → pression f
the slightest pressure → la plus petite pression
to apply firm pressure to sth → appliquer une forte pression sur qch
(= force of gas or liquid) → pression f
atmospheric pressure → pression atmosphérique
high pressure → haute pression
low pressure → basse pression
(= forceful persuasion) → pression f
there's a lot of pressure on him → il est soumis à de nombreuses pressions
There is a lot of pressure on him to resign → Il est soumis à de nombreuses pressions visant à le faire démissionner.
to put pressure on sb → mettre la pression sur qn
to put pressure on sb to do sth → mettre la pression sur qn pour qu'il fasse qch
He may have put pressure on her to agree → Il a peut-être fait pression sur elle pour qu'elle accepte.
The boss is putting pressure on me to finish this by Friday → Le patron me met la pression pour que je finisse ça vendredi au plus tard.
to be under pressure from sb → subir des pressions de la part de qn
Its government is under pressure from the European Commission → Son gouvernement subit des pressions de la part de la Commission européenne.
to be under pressure to do sth → subir des pressions pour faire qch
(= stress) → pression f
I couldn't stand the pressure → Je ne pouvais pas supporter la pression.
under pressure (with stress)sous pression
Can you work under pressure? → Êtes-vous capable de travailler sous pression ?
to be under a lot of pressure → être soumis à une forte pression
He's under a lot of pressure at work → Il est soumis à une forte pression au travail.
the pressures of modern life → les tensions de la vie moderne
vtmettre la pression sur
My parents are pressuring me → Mes parents me mettent la pression.
Don't pressure me → Ne me bouscule pas.
to pressure sb to do sth → mettre la pression sur qn pour qu'il fasse qch
to pressure sb for sth → pousser qn à qch
His boss did not pressure him for results → Son patron ne le poussait pas aux résultats., Son patron ne le pressait pas d'obtenir des résultats.
to pressure sb for an answer → pousser qn à donner une réponse
to pressure sb into doing sth → pousser qn à faire qchpressure cooker nautocuiseur m

pressure

n
Druck m (also Phys, Met); at high/full pressure (lit, fig)unter Hochdruck; oil pressureÖldruck m
(= compulsion, influence)Druck m, → Zwang m; parental pressureDruck vonseiten or von Seiten der Eltern; social pressuresgesellschaftliche Zwänge pl; to do something under pressureetw unter Druck or Zwang tun; to be/come under pressure to do somethingunter Druck (dat)stehen/geraten, etw zu tun; to be under pressure from somebody (to do something)von jdm gedrängt werden(, etw zu tun); to put pressure on somebodyjdn unter Druck (dat)setzen; to put the pressure on (inf)Druck dahintermachen (inf), → Dampf machen (inf)
(= urgent demands, stress)Druck m no pl, → Stress m no pl; pressure of work prevents meArbeitsüberlastung hindert mich daran; the pressure of eventsder Druck der Ereignisse; business pressuresgeschäftliche Belastungen pl; the pressures of modern lifedie Belastungen plor der Stress des modernen Lebens; the pressures of meeting deadlinesder Stress, Termine einzuhalten; he works better under pressureer arbeitet besser unter Druck; to be subjected to pressure, to be under pressureunter Druck (dat)stehen or sein
vt = pressurize b

pressure

:
pressure cabin
n (Aviat) → Überdruckkabine f
pressure-cook
vtmit Dampf kochen
pressure cooker
pressure gauge
nManometer nt, → Druckmesser m
pressure group
nPressuregroup f
pressure point
n (Anat) → Druckpunkt m
pressure suit
n (Aviat) → Druckanzug m

pressure

[ˈprɛʃəʳ]
1. n
a. (Phys, Tech, Met) → pressione f
at full pressure (Tech) → al livello massimo di pressione
b. (compulsion, influence) → pressione f, pressioni fpl
he's under pressure from his wife to give up smoking → sua moglie fa pressione perché lui smetta di fumare
to put pressure on sb → fare pressione su qn
they are really putting the pressure on → ci (or vi ) stanno assillando
to use pressure to obtain sth → far pressione per ottenere qc
to work under pressure → lavorare sotto pressione
she's under a lot of pressure → è sotto un'enorme pressione
the pressure of these events → la tensione creata da questi avvenimenti
pressure of work prevented her from going → non è potuta andare per via del troppo lavoro
2. vt = pressurize b

pressure

(ˈpreʃə) noun
1. (the amount of force exerted by) the action of pressing. to apply pressure to a cut to stop bleeding; A barometer measures atmospheric pressure.
2. (a) strain or stress. The pressures of her work are sometimes too much for her.
3. strong persuasion; compulsion or force. He agreed under pressure.
ˈpressurize, ˈpressurise verb
1. to fit (an aeroplane etc) with a device that keeps air pressure normal. The cabins have all been pressurized
2. to force. He was pressurized into giving up his job.
pressure cooker
a type of saucepan in which food is cooked quickly by steam kept under great pressure.

pressure

ضَغْط, يَضْغَط činit nátlak, tlak tryk, trykke Druck, unter Druck setzen ασκώ πίεση, πίεση presión, presionar paine, painostaa faire pression, pression pritisak, vršiti pritisak esercitare pressione, pressione 圧力, 圧力を加える 압력, 압력을 가하다 druk, onder druk zetten legge press på, trykk ciśnienie, nakłonić pressão, pressionar давление, оказывать давление tryck, utöva påtryckning กดดันให้ทำ, ความกดดัน basınç, baskı yapmak áp suất, gây áp lực 压力, 施加压力

pres·sure

n. presión, tensión, compresión;
arterial ______ arterial, presión o tensión de la sangre sobre las paredes de los vasos capilares;
atmospheric ______ atmosférica, la que ejerce la masa de aire alrededor de la tierra;
___ bandagevendaje de ___.;
central venous ______ central venosa, presión de la sangre en la aurícula derecha del corazón;
diastolic ______ diastólica, presión arterial durante la diástole;
intracranial ______ intracraneana o intracraneal, presión ejercida dentro de la cavidad craneana;
intrathoracic ______ intratorácica, presión dentro del tórax;
osmotic ______ osmótica;
V.: osmosis.
partial ______ parcial, la que ejerce uno de los gases de una composición mixta;
pulse ______ de pulso;
systolic ______ sistólica, presión arterial durante la contracción de los ventrículos;
venous ______ venosa, la de la sangre en las venas;
v. hacer presión, presionar.

pressure

n presión f, opresión f, tensión f; like a pressure over your chest.. como una opresión (presión) en el pecho; bilevel positive airway — presión positiva con dos niveles de la vía aérea; blood — tensión or presión arterial (form), presión sanguínea (form), presión de la sangre (fam); continuous positive airway — (CPAP) presión positiva continua de la vía aérea; diastolic — presión diastólica; high blood — hipertensión f (form), presión alta (fam); You have high blood pressure..Ud. tiene hipertensión (presión alta); peer — presión social or de grupo; social — presión social; systolic — presión sistólica
References in classic literature ?
If Meg had wanted a reward for hours of patient labor, she received it in the hearty pressure of her father's hand and the approving smile he gave her.
The soft boards of the stairs had yielded under the pressure of feet and deep hollows marked the way.
Had it not been that their trunks took off some of the pressure of the coils you wouldn't have lasted a minute.
He felt the pressure of her pointed nails in the flesh of his palm.
As the blankets yielded before the outward pressure, and the branches settled in the fissure of the rock by their own weight, forming a compact body, Duncan once more breathed freely.
He was interrupted by the pressure of Christie's fingers on his arm and a subdued exclamation from Jessie, who was staring down the street.
Inevitably, by the pressure of the seclusion about them, they had been brought into habits of some familiarity.
Beholding it, Hester was constrained to rush towards the child -- to pursue the little elf in the flight which she invariably began -- to snatch her to her bosom with a close pressure and earnest kisses -- not so much from overflowing love as to assure herself that Pearl was flesh and blood, and not utterly delusive.
He had, however, a happy mixture of pliability and perseverance in his nature; he was in form and spirit like a supple-jackÄyielding, but tough; though he bent, he never broke; and though he bowed beneath the slightest pressure, yet, the moment it was away--jerk
Indeed, partly lying on it as the arm did when I first awoke, I could hardly tell it from the quilt, they so blended their hues together; and it was only by the sense of weight and pressure that I could tell that Queequeg was hugging me.
Because, owing to the enormous surface of him --in a full grown sperm whale something less than square feet --the pressure of the water is immense.
Besides this, there was a pressure on my windpipe, which often made my breathing very uncomfortable; when I returned from my work my neck and chest were strained and painful, my mouth and tongue tender, and I felt worn and depressed.