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1. Something brought about by a cause or agent; a result.
2. The power to produce an outcome or achieve a result: The government's action had little effect on the trade imbalance.
3. Advantage; avail: used her words to great effect in influencing the jury.
4. The condition of being in full force or execution; operativeness: a new regulation that goes into effect tomorrow.
a. Something that produces a specific impression or supports a general design or intention: The lighting effects emphasized the harsh atmosphere of the drama.
b. A particular impression: large windows that gave an effect of spaciousness.
c. Production of a desired impression: spent lavishly on dinner just for effect.
6. The basic or general meaning; import: He said he was greatly worried, or words to that effect.
7. effects Movable belongings; goods.
tr.v. ef·fect·ed, ef·fect·ing, ef·fects
To bring about; make happen; cause or accomplish: effect a cure for a disease; effect a change in policy. See Usage Note at affect1.
in effect
In essence; to all purposes: testimony that in effect contradicted her earlier statement.
to the effect that
With the general meaning that: He said something to the effect that he was sorry.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin effectus, from past participle of efficere, to accomplish : ex-, ex- + facere, to make; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.]

ef·fect′er n.
ef·fect′i·ble adj.
Synonyms: effect, consequence, result, outcome, upshot
These nouns denote an occurrence, situation, or condition that is produced by a cause or agent. Effect stresses the idea of influence or alteration: a drug whose main effect is to lower hypertension; increased erosion that was the effect of deforestation.
A consequence follows naturally or logically from its cause: a broken wrist that was the consequence of a fall; a reduction in crime that was the consequence of better policing.
A result is viewed as the end product of the operation of the cause: improved his grades as a result of better study habits; an experiment with an unexpected result.
An outcome more strongly implies finality and may suggest the resolution of a complex or lengthy process: The trial's outcome might have changed if the defendant had testified.
An upshot is a decisive result, often of the nature of a climax: "The upshot of the matter ... was that she showed both of them the door" (Robert Louis Stevenson).


1. something that is produced by a cause or agent; result
2. power or ability to influence or produce a result; efficacy: with no effect.
3. the condition of being operative (esp in the phrases in or into effect): the law comes into effect at midnight.
4. take effect to become operative or begin to produce results
5. basic meaning or purpose (esp in the phrase to that effect)
6. an impression, usually one that is artificial or contrived (esp in the phrase for effect)
7. a scientific phenomenon: the Doppler effect.
8. in effect
a. in fact; actually
b. for all practical purposes
9. the overall impression or result: the effect of a painting.
(tr) to cause to occur; bring about; accomplish
[C14: from Latin effectus a performing, tendency, from efficere to accomplish, from facere to do]
efˈfecter n
efˈfectible adj



1. something that is produced by an agency or cause; result; consequence.
2. power to produce results; efficacy; force: The protest had no effect.
3. the state of being effective or operative; operation or execution: to bring a plan into effect.
4. a mental or emotional impression produced, as by a painting or speech.
5. general meaning or purpose; intent: I wrote a letter to that effect.
6. the making of a desired impression: The expensive car was only for effect.
7. an illusory phenomenon: a three-dimensional effect.
8. a scientific phenomenon (usu. named for its discoverer): the Doppler effect.
9. to produce as an effect; bring about; accomplish: to effect a change.
1. in effect, essentially; basically.
2. take effect,
a. to go into operation; begin to function.
b. to produce a result.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin effectus the carrying out (of a task, etc.), hence, that which is achieved, outcome]
ef•fect′i•ble, adj.
syn: effect, consequence, result refer to something produced by an action or a cause. An effect is that which is produced, usu. more or less immediately and directly: The drug had the effect of producing sleep. A consequence, something that follows naturally or logically, as in a train of events or sequence of time, is less intimately connected with its cause than is an effect: One consequence of a recession is a rise in unemployment. A result may be near or remote, and often is the sum of effects or consequences as making an end or final outcome: The English language is the result of the fusion of many different elements.
usage: See affect1.


  1. Affect me [with revulsion] like the smell of a cheap cigar left smoldering in an ashtray —Jonathan Valin

    In Valin’s novel, Final Notice, the descriptive frame of reference for the simile is a tattoo.

  2. The certainty [of his desire] landed in the bottom of my stomach like a flatiron —Mary Gordon
  3. The change [in living accommodations] would be like going from Purgatory to Paradise —Louisa May Alcott
  4. The conviction that I am loved and loving affects me like a military bracing —John Cheever
  5. The effort made him choke like a tiger at a bone —Robert Frost
  6. Every gesture … aroused a beat chant like the beat of the heart of the desert —Anaĩs Nin
  7. (This city) exacerbates loneliness in me the same way that water makes Alka-Seltzer fizz —Pat Conroy
  8. The general effect was exactly like a microscopic view of a small detachment of black beetles in search of a dead rat —John Ruskin
  9. Has a disruptive effect … like a torpedo coming down Main Street —Anon politician on Gramm-Rudman Law, February, 1986
  10. Has as little effect on me as water on a duck’s back —American colloquialism, attributed to South

    A variation: “As water rolling off a duck’s back.”

  11. Her absence felt like a presence, an electrical charge of silence in the house —John Updike
  12. His death served to remind me, like a custard pie in the face, that life is sometimes like one big savage joke —Sue Grafton
  13. (A blast of Prince [music] … ) hit me like a feather boa with a length of lead pipe in it —Jonathan Valin
  14. Its [melancholy] effect upon you is somewhat similar to what would probably be produced by a combined attack of toothache, indigestion and a cold in the head —Jerome K. Jerome
  15. It [forcing an old priest into retirement] was just like ripping an old tree out of the ground —W. P. Kinsella
  16. The kind whisper went to my heart like a dagger —Charlotte Brontë
  17. Offering a flight attendant a $20 bill for a $2 drink is like spitting on an Alabama state trooper —Louis D. Wilson, Wall Street Journal, June 30, 1986
  18. Pain and poverty and thwarted ambition … can break the virtues like brittle bones —George Garrett
  19. Seeing her again … was like rediscovering a half-forgotten landmark —Ann Petry
  20. [When a tired-looking woman smiles] some of the years of hard living fell away like happy tears —James Crumley


1. 'affect'

Affect /ə'fekt/ is a verb. To affect someone or something means to cause them to change, often in a negative way.

There are many ways in which computers can affect our lives.
The disease affected Jane's lungs.
2. 'effect'

Effect /ɪ'fekt/ is usually a noun. An effect is something that happens or exists because something else has happened.

The report shows the effect of noise on people in the factories.
This has the effect of separating students from teachers.

You can say that something has a particular effect on something else.

Improvement in water supply can have a dramatic effect on health.
These changes will have a significant effect on our business.

Effect is sometimes a verb. If you effect something that you are trying to achieve, you succeed in achieving it. This is a formal use.

The new law will give us the power to effect change.


1. 'result'

A result of something is an event or situation that happens or exists because of it.

The result of this announcement was that the share price of the company rose by 10 per cent.
I nearly missed the flight as a result of getting stuck in traffic.
I cut my own hair – often with disastrous results.
2. 'effect'

When something produces a change in a thing or person, don't refer to this change as a 'result' on the thing or person. The word you use is effect.

Diet has a significant effect on your health.


Past participle: effected
Gerund: effecting

I effect
you effect
he/she/it effects
we effect
you effect
they effect
I effected
you effected
he/she/it effected
we effected
you effected
they effected
Present Continuous
I am effecting
you are effecting
he/she/it is effecting
we are effecting
you are effecting
they are effecting
Present Perfect
I have effected
you have effected
he/she/it has effected
we have effected
you have effected
they have effected
Past Continuous
I was effecting
you were effecting
he/she/it was effecting
we were effecting
you were effecting
they were effecting
Past Perfect
I had effected
you had effected
he/she/it had effected
we had effected
you had effected
they had effected
I will effect
you will effect
he/she/it will effect
we will effect
you will effect
they will effect
Future Perfect
I will have effected
you will have effected
he/she/it will have effected
we will have effected
you will have effected
they will have effected
Future Continuous
I will be effecting
you will be effecting
he/she/it will be effecting
we will be effecting
you will be effecting
they will be effecting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been effecting
you have been effecting
he/she/it has been effecting
we have been effecting
you have been effecting
they have been effecting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been effecting
you will have been effecting
he/she/it will have been effecting
we will have been effecting
you will have been effecting
they will have been effecting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been effecting
you had been effecting
he/she/it had been effecting
we had been effecting
you had been effecting
they had been effecting
I would effect
you would effect
he/she/it would effect
we would effect
you would effect
they would effect
Past Conditional
I would have effected
you would have effected
he/she/it would have effected
we would have effected
you would have effected
they would have effected
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.effect - a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenoneffect - a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon; "the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwise"; "his decision had depressing consequences for business"; "he acted very wise after the event"
phenomenon - any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
offspring, materialisation, materialization - something that comes into existence as a result; "industrialism prepared the way for acceptance of the French Revolution's various socialistic offspring"; "this skyscraper is the solid materialization of his efforts"
aftereffect - any result that follows its cause after an interval
aftermath, wake, backwash - the consequences of an event (especially a catastrophic event); "the aftermath of war"; "in the wake of the accident no one knew how many had been injured"
bandwagon effect - the phenomenon of a popular trend attracting even greater popularity; "in periods of high merger activity there is a bandwagon effect with more and more firms seeking to engage in takeover activity"; "polls are accused of creating a bandwagon effect to benefit their candidate"
brisance - the shattering or crushing effect of a sudden release of energy as in an explosion
butterfly effect - the phenomenon whereby a small change at one place in a complex system can have large effects elsewhere, e.g., a butterfly flapping its wings in Rio de Janeiro might change the weather in Chicago
byproduct, by-product - a secondary and sometimes unexpected consequence
change - the result of alteration or modification; "there were marked changes in the lining of the lungs"; "there had been no change in the mountains"
coattails effect - (politics) the consequence of one popular candidate in an election drawing votes for other members of the same political party; "he counted on the coattails effect to win him the election"
Coriolis effect - (physics) an effect whereby a body moving in a rotating frame of reference experiences the Coriolis force acting perpendicular to the direction of motion and to the axis of rotation; on Earth the Coriolis effect deflects moving bodies to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere
dent - an appreciable consequence (especially a lessening); "it made a dent in my bank account"
domino effect - the consequence of one event setting off a chain of similar events (like a falling domino causing a whole row of upended dominos to fall)
harvest - the consequence of an effort or activity; "they gathered a harvest of examples"; "a harvest of love"
wallop, impact - a forceful consequence; a strong effect; "the book had an important impact on my thinking"; "the book packs a wallop"
influence - the effect of one thing (or person) on another; "the influence of mechanical action"
knock-on effect - a secondary or incidental effect
offshoot, outgrowth, branch, offset - a natural consequence of development
product - a consequence of someone's efforts or of a particular set of circumstances; "skill is the product of hours of practice"; "his reaction was the product of hunger and fatigue"
placebo effect - any effect that seems to be a consequence of administering a placebo; the change is usually beneficial and is assumed result from the person's faith in the treatment or preconceptions about what the experimental drug was supposed to do; pharmacologists were the first to talk about placebo effects but now the idea has been generalized to many situations having nothing to do with drugs
position effect - (genetics) the effect on the expression of a gene that is produced by changing its location in a chromosome
repercussion, reverberation - a remote or indirect consequence of some action; "his declaration had unforeseen repercussions"; "reverberations of the market crash were felt years later"
response - a result; "this situation developed in response to events in Africa"
fallout, side effect - any adverse and unwanted secondary effect; "a strategy to contain the fallout from the accounting scandal"
spillover - (economics) any indirect effect of public expenditure
2.effect - an outward appearance; "he made a good impression"; "I wanted to create an impression of success"; "she retained that bold effect in her reproductions of the original painting"
appearance, visual aspect - outward or visible aspect of a person or thing
figure - the impression produced by a person; "he cut a fine figure"; "a heroic figure"
image - the general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public; "although her popular image was contrived it served to inspire music and pageantry"; "the company tried to project an altruistic image"
mark - the impression created by doing something unusual or extraordinary that people notice and remember; "it was in London that he made his mark"; "he left an indelible mark on the American theater"
tout ensemble - a total impression or effect of something made up of individual parts
3.effect - an impression (especially one that is artificial or contrived); "he just did it for effect"
impression, notion, belief, feeling, opinion - a vague idea in which some confidence is placed; "his impression of her was favorable"; "what are your feelings about the crisis?"; "it strengthened my belief in his sincerity"; "I had a feeling that she was lying"
sound effect - an effect that imitates a sound called for in the script of a play
special effect - an effect used to produce scenes that cannot be achieved by normal techniques (especially on film)
4.effect - the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
meaning, signification, import, significance - the message that is intended or expressed or signified; "what is the meaning of this sentence"; "the significance of a red traffic light"; "the signification of Chinese characters"; "the import of his announcement was ambiguous"
5.effect - (of a law) having legal validity; "the law is still in effect"
validness, validity - the quality of having legal force or effectiveness
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
6.effect - a symptom caused by an illness or a drug; "the effects of sleep loss"; "the effect of the anesthetic"
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
aftereffect - a delayed effect of a drug or therapy; "the drug had unexpected aftereffects"
bummer - a bad reaction to a hallucinogenic drug
side effect - a secondary and usually adverse effect of a drug or therapy; "severe headaches are one of the side effects of the drug"
Verb1.effect - produce; "The scientists set up a shock wave"
accomplish, carry out, carry through, fulfil, fulfill, action, execute - put in effect; "carry out a task"; "execute the decision of the people"; "He actioned the operation"
draw, get - earn or achieve a base by being walked by the pitcher; "He drew a base on balls"
precipitate - bring about abruptly; "The crisis precipitated by Russia's revolution"
induce, hasten, stimulate, rush - cause to occur rapidly; "the infection precipitated a high fever and allergic reactions"
cause, do, make - give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; "cause a commotion"; "make a stir"; "cause an accident"
serve - contribute or conduce to; "The scandal served to increase his popularity"
2.effect - act so as to bring into existence; "effect a change"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
bring to bear - bring into operation or effect; "The new members brought to bear new concerns to the U.N."
carry - extend to a certain degree; "carry too far"; "She carries her ideas to the extreme"
backdate - make effective from an earlier date; "The increase in tax was backdated to January"


1. result, consequence, conclusion, outcome, event, issue, aftermath, fruit, end result, upshot the psychological effects of head injuries
2. impression, feeling, impact, influence The whole effect is cool, light and airy
3. purpose, meaning, impression, sense, import, drift, intent, essence, thread, tenor, purport He told me to get lost, or words to that effect.
4. implementation, force, action, performance, operation, enforcement, execution We are now resuming relations with Syria with immediate effect.
1. bring about, make, cause, produce, create, complete, achieve, perform, carry out, fulfil, accomplish, execute, initiate, give rise to, consummate, actuate, effectuate Prospects for effecting real political change have taken a step backward.
in effect in fact, really, actually, essentially, virtually, effectively, in reality, in truth, as good as, in actual fact, to all intents and purposes, in all but name, in actuality, for practical purposes The deal would create, in effect, the world's biggest airline.
put, bring or carry into effect implement, perform, carry out, fulfil, enforce, execute, bring about, put into action, put into operation, bring into force a decree bringing these political reforms into effect
take or come into effect produce results, work, begin, come into force, become operative The ban takes effect from July.
to good effect successfully, effectively, productively, fruitfully Mr Morris feels the museum is using advertising to good effect
to no effect unsuccessfully, in vain, to no avail, without success, pointlessly, ineffectively, to no purpose, with no use Mr Charles complained, to no effect.
Usage: It is quite common for the verb effect to be mistakenly used where affect is intended. Effect is relatively uncommon and rather formal, and is a synonym of `bring about'. Conversely, the noun effect is quite often mistakenly written with an initial a. The following are correct: the group is still recovering from the effects of the recession; they really are powerless to effect any change. The next two examples are incorrect: the full affects of the shutdown won't be felt for several more days; men whose lack of hair doesn't effect their self-esteem.


2. The power or capacity to produce a desired result:
3. The condition of being in full force or operation:
4. One's portable property.Used in plural:
belonging (often used in plural), good (used in plural), lares and penates, personal effects, personal property, possession (used in plural), property, thing (often used in plural).
Informal: stuff.
Law: chattel, movable (often used in plural).
2. To bring about and carry to a successful conclusion:
Informal: swing.
3. To compel observance of:
Idioms: put in force, put into action.
أَثَرتَأْثيرتأثير، إنْطِباعيُحْدِث، يُجْري، يَجْلِب
effektgennemføreindtrykvirkningbringe i stand
áhrifáhrif; árangur; afleiîing, eftirköstkoma í kring
tác động


A. N
1. (gen) → efecto m; (= result) → resultado m, consecuencia f
to feel the effect(s) ofsentir los efectos de
to such good effect thatcon tan buenos resultados que ...
to have an effect on sbhacer efecto a algn
to have an effect on sthafectar (a) algo
it will have the effect of preventingtendrá como consecuencia impedir ...
to have the desired effectproducir el efecto deseado
to have no effect; be of no effectno surtir efecto
in effect (= in fact) → en realidad; (= practically) → de hecho
to be in effect (Jur) → estar vigente, tener vigencia
to come into effect (Jur) → entrar en vigor
to put into effect [+ rule] → poner en vigor; [+ plan] → poner en práctica
to take effect [drug] → surtir efecto
to no effectinútilmente, sin resultado
with effect from April (esp Brit) → a partir de abril
an increase with immediate effectun aumento efectivo a partir de hoy
2. (= sense) [of words etc] → sentido m
a circular to this effect will be issued next weekla próxima semana se hará pública una circular en este sentido
an announcement to the effect thatun aviso informando de que ...
his letter is to the effect thaten su carta manifiesta que ...
to the same effecten el mismo sentido
or words to that effecto algo por el estilo
3. (= impression) → efecto m, impresión f
a pleasing effectuna impresión agradable
to create an effectimpresionar
he said it for effectlo dijo sólo para impresionar
special effects (Cine, TV) → efectos mpl especiales
4. effects (= property) → efectos mpl
personal effectsefectos mpl personales
B. VT (frm) (= bring about) [+ sale, purchase, payment, reform, reduction] → efectuar; [+ cure, improvement, transformation] → lograr
to effect changelograr or efectuar un cambio
to effect a savinghacer un ahorro


(= impact) → effet m
effect on → effet sur
to cause an effect → produire un effet
to have an effect → avoir un effet, produire un effet
to have an effect on sb → avoir un effet sur qn, produire un effet sur qn
to have an effect on sth → avoir un effet sur qch, produire un effet sur qch
to take effect, to come into effect [law, policy] → entrer en vigueur, prendre effet
to take effect [drug, anaesthetic] → agir, faire son effet
to put sth into effect, to bring sth into effect [+ plan, idea] → mettre qch en application, mettre qch à exécution
to good effect (= successfully) → avec succès
to no effect (= unsuccessfully) → en vain
(with dates) with effect from ... (= starting from) → à compter de ...
with immediate effect adv (British) (= immediately) → avec effet immédiat
in effect adv (= practically speaking) → en fait, en réalité
to be to the effect that [letter, statement]
His letter is to the effect that → Sa lettre nous apprend que ...
to this effect (= saying this) → dans ce sens
(= impression) (intended by designer, writer)effet m
(= carry out) [+ work] → effectuer
(= bring about) [+ change] → mettre en place


(= result)Wirkung f, → Effekt m; (= repercussion)Auswirkung f; the effect of an acid on metaldie Wirkung einer Säure auf Metall; alcohol has the effect of dulling your sensesAlkohol bewirkt eine Abstumpfung der Sinne; the effect of this rule will be to prevent …diese Regelung wird die Verhinderung von … bewirken or zur Folge haben; the effect of this is that …das hat zur Folge, dass …; the effects of radioactivity on the human bodydie Auswirkungen radioaktiver Strahlen auf den menschlichen Körper; to feel the effects of the recessiondie Auswirkungen der Rezession spüren; to feel the effects of the drugsdie Wirkung der Drogen spüren; to no effecterfolglos, ergebnislos; to such good effect that …so wirkungsvoll, dass …; to have an effect on somebody/somethingeine Wirkung auf jdn/etw haben; to have a good effect (on somebody/something)eine gute Wirkung (auf jdn/etw) haben; to have no effectkeine Wirkung haben; to take effect (measures)wirksam werden; to take effect (drug)wirken; with immediate effectmit sofortiger Wirkung; with effect from 3 Marchmit Wirkung vom 3. März
(= impression)Wirkung f, → Effekt m; to create an effecteine Wirkung or einen Effekt erzielen; effects of light (Art) → Lichteffekte pl; the sword was only for effectder Degen war nur zum Effekt da; he paused for effecter machte eine effektvolle Pause
(= meaning) his letter is to the effect that …sein Brief hat zum Inhalt, dass …; we received a letter to the effect that …wir erhielten ein Schreiben des Inhalts, dass …; he used words to that effectsinngemäß drückte er sich so aus; … or words to that effect… oder etwas in diesem Sinne or etwas Ähnliches
effects pl (= property)Effekten pl
(= reality) in effectin Wirklichkeit, im Effekt
(of laws) to be in effectgültig or in Kraft sein; to come into or take effectin Kraft treten; to put something into effectetw in Kraft setzen; to remain in effectin Kraft bleiben
bewirken, herbeiführen; to effect changeVeränderungen herbeiführen; to effect an entry (form)sich (dat)Zutritt verschaffen; to effect an escapefliehen
(form) sale, purchasetätigen; paymentleisten; insuranceabschließen; settlementerzielen


1. n
a. (result) → effetto
to have an effect on sb/sth → avere or produrre un effetto su qn/qc
to have no effect → non avere or produrre alcun effetto
to no effect → invano
to such good effect that → con risultati così buoni che
to recover from the effects of an illness → rimettersi dai postumi di una malattia
to put into effect (rule) → rendere operativo (plan) → attuare
to take effect (drug) → fare effetto
to come into or take effect (Law) → entrare in vigore
in effect → in realtà, effettivamente, in effetti
his letter is to the effect that ... (frm) → il tenore della sua lettera è che...
or words to that effect → o qualcosa di simile
b. (impression) → effetto, impressione f
to create an effect → fare effetto
he said it for effect → l'ha detto per far colpo
see also effects
2. vt (bring about) → effettuare; (saving, transformation, reunion) → operare


(iˈfekt) noun
1. a result or consequence. He is suffering from the effects of over-eating; His discovery had little effect at first.
2. an impression given or produced. The speech did not have much effect (on them); a pleasing effect.
to make happen; to bring about. He tried to effect a reconciliation between his parents.
efˈfective (-tiv) adjective
1. having power to produce, or producing, a desired result. These new teaching methods have proved very effective.
2. striking or pleasing. an effective display of flowers.
3. in operation; working; active. The new law becomes effective next week.
efˈfectively (-tivli) adverb
efˈfects noun plural
1. property; goods. She left few personal effects when she died.
2. in drama etc, devices for producing suitable sounds, lighting etc to accompany a play etc. sound effects.
efˈfectual (-tʃuəl) adjective
successful in producing the desired results. He was not very effectual as an organiser.
come into effect
(of a law etc) to begin to operate. The law came into effect last month.
for effect
for the sake of making an impression. You don't mean that – you only said it for effect.
in effect
1. (of a rule etc) in operation. That law is no longer in effect.
2. in truth or in practical terms. In effect our opinions differed very little.
put into effect
to put (a law etc) into operation. He has begun to put his theories into effect.
take effect
to begin to work; to come into force. When will the drug take effect?


أَثَر účinek effekt Wirkung συνέπεια efecto vaikutus effet učinak effetto 影響 효과 effect virkning skutek efeito результат verkan ผลกระทบ etki tác động 影响


n. efecto, impresión, resultado;
to carry into ___llevar a cabo;
to this ___en este sentido;
in ___en ___, en realidad;
no ___sin ___.


n efecto; adverse — efecto adverso; cumulative — efecto acumulativo; side — efecto secundario; to take — hacer efecto
References in periodicals archive ?
This is due to the mild pressure effect caused by placing a soft tube in the wind pipe to facilitate breathing.
combined] values are below zero, which means that the pressure effect predominates over the dissipation effect, under the shear rates of 1 x [10.
It stimulates the thyroid gland to function properly because of the pressure effect and also helps stimulate other glands in the head region, such as the pituitary and pineal glands, which also indirectly control the thyroid gland.
Results demonstrate a cushioning of blood pressure effect that may have benefits beyond blood pressure-lowering alone.
Again the common rule applies, the further south, the colder, but the high pressure effect must not be underestimated and while the cold came from the south at first, it quickly turned east later in the week.
There was pressure erosion of the left T6 transverse process and severe pressure effect and compression on the spinal cord with anterior displacement.
According to the Met department, the low pressure effect is fading and the weather will return to normal today.
The choice of 60 seconds as the cutoff time may not mark the exact beginning of time pressure effect, but it would have the technical advantage of comparing data sets usefully.
Despite the positive weight-loss results, the known action of sibutramine as a serotonin-noradrenalin reuptake inhibitor, its discernable blood pressure effect, and the excess of cardiovascular events it caused in SCOUT together create a "causal train" between the drug and clinically meaningful adverse events, said Dr.
Similar discussion to the temperature dependence can be done to the pressure effect.
The research of fuel injection pressure effect on performance of direct injection diesel engines based on experiment and the four-cylinder two-stroke direct-injection diesel engine was selected.
5 ounces for women and smaller men results in little blood pressure effect.