presumption


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Related to presumption: Presumption of law, Presumption of innocence, Rebuttable presumption

pre·sump·tion

 (prĭ-zŭmp′shən)
n.
1. Behavior or attitude that is boldly arrogant or offensive; effrontery: She was offended at the stranger's presumption in speaking in such an casual manner.
2. The act of presuming or accepting something as true: the presumption of innocence of the accused.
3. A condition or basis for accepting or presuming something.
4. Law A conclusion applied by law as to the correctness of some fact, ordinarily subject to rebuttal by contrary evidence.

[Middle English presumpcion, from Old French, from Late Latin praesūmptiō, praesūmptiōn-, from Latin, anticipation, from praesūmptus, past participle of praesūmere, to anticipate; see presume.]

presumption

(prɪˈzʌmpʃən)
n
1. the act of presuming
2. bold or insolent behaviour or manners
3. a belief or assumption based on reasonable evidence
4. a ground or basis on which to presume
5. (Law) law an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved, admitted, or judicially noticed
[C13: via Old French from Latin praesumptiō a using in advance, anticipation, from praesūmere to take beforehand; see presume]

pre•sump•tion

(prɪˈzʌmp ʃən)

n.
1. the act of presuming.
2. belief on reasonable grounds or probable evidence.
3. something that is presumed; an assumption.
4. a ground or reason for presuming or believing.
5. Law. an inference permitted as to the existence of one fact from proof of the existence of other facts.
6. an assumption, often not fully established, that is taken for granted.
7. unwarrantable or impertinent boldness; audacity; effrontery.
[1175–1225; Middle English: effrontery, supposition < Latin praesūmptiō anticipation, supposition]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.presumption - an assumption that is taken for granted
supposal, supposition, assumption - a hypothesis that is taken for granted; "any society is built upon certain assumptions"
2.presumption - (law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed
illation, inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
3.presumption - audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to; "he despised them for their presumptuousness"
audaciousness, audacity - aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery; "he had the audacity to question my decision"
uppishness, uppityness - assumption of airs beyond one's station
4.presumption - a kind of discourtesy in the form of an act of presuming; "his presumption was intolerable"
offense, offensive activity, discourtesy, offence - a lack of politeness; a failure to show regard for others; wounding the feelings or others

presumption

noun
1. assumption, opinion, belief, guess, hypothesis, anticipation, conjecture, surmise, supposition, presupposition, premiss the presumption that a defendant is innocent until proved guilty
2. cheek (informal), front, neck (informal), nerve (informal), assurance, brass (informal), gall (informal), audacity, boldness, temerity, chutzpah (U.S. & Canad. informal), insolence, impudence, effrontery, brass neck (Brit. informal), sassiness (U.S. informal), presumptuousness, forwardness He had the presumption to answer me back.

presumption

noun
Translations
إفْتِراضتَجَرُّؤ، تَطاوُل
předpokladtroufalost
arroganceformodning
ályktunósvífni
trúfalosť

presumption

[prɪˈzʌmpʃən] N
1. (= arrogance) → presunción f; (= liberty-taking) → atrevimiento m
pardon my presumptionle ruego perdone mi atrevimiento
2. (= thing presumed) → suposición f, presunción f
the presumption is thatse supone que ..., es de suponer que ...

presumption

[prɪˈzʌmpʃən] n
(= assumption) → présomption f
presumption of innocence → présomption d'innocence
to make presumptions → faire des suppositions
(= boldness) → audace f

presumption

n
(= assumption)Annahme f, → Vermutung f; the presumption is that …es wird angenommen or man vermutet, dass …; presumption of death/innocenceTodes-/Unschuldvermutung f
(= boldness, arrogance)Unverschämtheit f, → Dreistigkeit f; (in connection with one’s abilities) → Überheblichkeit f, → Anmaßung f, → Vermessenheit f (geh)

presumption

[prɪˈzʌmpʃn] n
a. (arrogance) → presunzione f; (impudence) → audacia
b. (thing presumed) → supposizione f
there is a strong presumption that ... → tutto fa supporre or presumere che...

presume

(prəˈzjuːm) verb
1. to believe that something is true without proof; to take for granted. When I found the room empty, I presumed that you had gone home; `Has he gone?' `I presume so.'
2. to be bold enough (to act without the right, knowledge etc to do so). I wouldn't presume to advise someone as clever as you.
preˈsumably adverb
I presume. She's not in her office – presumably she went home early.
preˈsumption (-ˈzamp-) noun
1. something presumed. She married again, on the presumption that her first husband was dead.
2. unsuitable boldness, eg in one's behaviour towards another person.
preˈsumptuous (-ˈzamptjuəs) , ((American) -ˈzamptʃuəs) adjective
impolitely bold.
preˈsumptuousness noun
References in classic literature ?
An act of so much precipitancy and presumption would seal the downfall of precocious intellect forever.
Like some poor devils ashore that happen to know an irascible great man, they make distant unobtrusive salutations to him in the street, lest if they pursued the acquaintance further, they might receive a summary thump for their presumption.
This was unheard-of presumption, but the superintendent said he would see about it, which Marija took to mean that she was going to get her money; after waiting three days, she went to see the superintendent again.
On this presumption, she stopped at noon at a neat farmhouse, to rest herself, and buy some dinner for her child and self; for, as the danger decreased with the distance, the supernatural tension of the nervous system lessened, and she found herself both weary and hungry.
The State, having thus learned that I did not wish to be regarded as a member of that church, has never made a like demand on me since; though it said that it must adhere to its original presumption that time.
and then we sermonised her on the presumption of attempting to teach such clever blades as we were, when she was herself so ignorant.
Marrable, with many apologies for her presumption in undertaking a youthful character, at -- what a gentleman was pleased to term -- her Age; and with what two ladies were rude enough to characterize as her disadvantages of -- Hair, and -- Figure.
I well understand that, even if Miss Manette held me at this moment in her innocent heart-do not think I have the presumption to assume so much-- I could retain no place in it against her love for her father.
I have understood that it was, to the last, her proudest boast, that she never had been on the water in her life, except upon a bridge; and that over her tea (to which she was extremely partial) she, to the last, expressed her indignation at the impiety of mariners and others, who had the presumption to go 'meandering' about the world.
On the contrary, I fear I shall incur the censure of presumption in placing the venerable name of Dr Jonas Dryasdust at the head of a publication, which the more grave antiquary will perhaps class with the idle novels and romances of the day.
When he was discussing it among his friends, she would offer her opinion with a presumption which was the more trying as she frequently blundered upon a sound conclusion whilst he was reasoning his way to a hollow one with his utmost subtlety and seriousness.
A shout of laughter burst from the courtiers as they heard these words, and Prince Firouz Schah, the heir apparent, was filled with anger at the Indian's presumption.