presumption

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Related to presumptions: Presumption of fact

pre·sump·tion

 (prĭ-zŭmp′shən)
n.
1. Behavior or attitude that is boldly arrogant or offensive; effrontery: She was offended at the stranger's presumption in speaking in such an casual manner.
2. The act of presuming or accepting something as true: the presumption of innocence of the accused.
3. A condition or basis for accepting or presuming something.
4. Law A conclusion applied by law as to the correctness of some fact, ordinarily subject to rebuttal by contrary evidence.

[Middle English presumpcion, from Old French, from Late Latin praesūmptiō, praesūmptiōn-, from Latin, anticipation, from praesūmptus, past participle of praesūmere, to anticipate; see presume.]

presumption

(prɪˈzʌmpʃən)
n
1. the act of presuming
2. bold or insolent behaviour or manners
3. a belief or assumption based on reasonable evidence
4. a ground or basis on which to presume
5. (Law) law an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved, admitted, or judicially noticed
[C13: via Old French from Latin praesumptiō a using in advance, anticipation, from praesūmere to take beforehand; see presume]

pre•sump•tion

(prɪˈzʌmp ʃən)

n.
1. the act of presuming.
2. belief on reasonable grounds or probable evidence.
3. something that is presumed; an assumption.
4. a ground or reason for presuming or believing.
5. Law. an inference permitted as to the existence of one fact from proof of the existence of other facts.
6. an assumption, often not fully established, that is taken for granted.
7. unwarrantable or impertinent boldness; audacity; effrontery.
[1175–1225; Middle English: effrontery, supposition < Latin praesūmptiō anticipation, supposition]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.presumption - an assumption that is taken for granted
supposal, supposition, assumption - a hypothesis that is taken for granted; "any society is built upon certain assumptions"
2.presumption - (law) an inference of the truth of a fact from other facts proved or admitted or judicially noticed
illation, inference - the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
3.presumption - audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to; "he despised them for their presumptuousness"
audaciousness, audacity - aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery; "he had the audacity to question my decision"
uppishness, uppityness - assumption of airs beyond one's station
4.presumption - a kind of discourtesy in the form of an act of presuming; "his presumption was intolerable"
offense, offensive activity, discourtesy, offence - a lack of politeness; a failure to show regard for others; wounding the feelings or others

presumption

noun
1. assumption, opinion, belief, guess, hypothesis, anticipation, conjecture, surmise, supposition, presupposition, premiss the presumption that a defendant is innocent until proved guilty
2. cheek (informal), front, neck (informal), nerve (informal), assurance, brass (informal), gall (informal), audacity, boldness, temerity, chutzpah (U.S. & Canad. informal), insolence, impudence, effrontery, brass neck (Brit. informal), sassiness (U.S. informal), presumptuousness, forwardness He had the presumption to answer me back.

presumption

noun
Translations
إفْتِراضتَجَرُّؤ، تَطاوُل
předpokladtroufalost
arroganceformodning
ályktunósvífni
trúfalosť

presumption

[prɪˈzʌmpʃən] N
1. (= arrogance) → presunción f; (= liberty-taking) → atrevimiento m
pardon my presumptionle ruego perdone mi atrevimiento
2. (= thing presumed) → suposición f, presunción f
the presumption is thatse supone que ..., es de suponer que ...

presumption

[prɪˈzʌmpʃən] n
(= assumption) → présomption f
presumption of innocence → présomption d'innocence
to make presumptions → faire des suppositions
(= boldness) → audace f

presumption

n
(= assumption)Annahme f, → Vermutung f; the presumption is that …es wird angenommen or man vermutet, dass …; presumption of death/innocenceTodes-/Unschuldvermutung f
(= boldness, arrogance)Unverschämtheit f, → Dreistigkeit f; (in connection with one’s abilities) → Überheblichkeit f, → Anmaßung f, → Vermessenheit f (geh)

presumption

[prɪˈzʌmpʃn] n
a. (arrogance) → presunzione f; (impudence) → audacia
b. (thing presumed) → supposizione f
there is a strong presumption that ... → tutto fa supporre or presumere che...

presume

(prəˈzjuːm) verb
1. to believe that something is true without proof; to take for granted. When I found the room empty, I presumed that you had gone home; `Has he gone?' `I presume so.'
2. to be bold enough (to act without the right, knowledge etc to do so). I wouldn't presume to advise someone as clever as you.
preˈsumably adverb
I presume. She's not in her office – presumably she went home early.
preˈsumption (-ˈzamp-) noun
1. something presumed. She married again, on the presumption that her first husband was dead.
2. unsuitable boldness, eg in one's behaviour towards another person.
preˈsumptuous (-ˈzamptjuəs) , ((American) -ˈzamptʃuəs) adjective
impolitely bold.
preˈsumptuousness noun
References in classic literature ?
If such presumptions can fairly be made, there ought at once to be an end of all delegated authority.
And yet how many presumptions there were against him
No, indeed, my sins are all presumptions upon His goodness; and He would be infinitely just if He destroyed me, as He has done other men.
He might have doubled his presumption to me but poor Harriet
In the broad hint which he dropped respecting the daughter of Waldemar Fitzurse, John had more than one motive, each the offspring of a mind, which was a strange mixture of carelessness and presumption with low artifice and cunning.
At the captain's door the girl held out her hand, with a certain emphasis; and John took it and kept it a little longer, and said, 'Good-night, Flora, dear,' and was instantly thrown into much fear by his presumption.
There was nothing of presumption or folly in Bingley that could provoke his ridicule, or disgust him into silence; and he was more communicative, and less eccentric, than the other had ever seen him.
I do not suppose you will have the presumption to set it to rights -- that would be to accuse Her Majesty, Queen Anne, of falsehood.
My lord must not suppose," said Guenaud, "that I have the presumption to pronounce alone upon an existence so valuable as yours.
He had as yet heard nothing of the success of the previous expeditions, and had to proceed upon the presumption that everything had been effected according to his instructions.
At the same time it increased the presumption that there was a ghastly death's-head lurking behind it.
I am almost ashamed to make the request, though its presumption would certainly appear greater to every creature in Bath than yourself.