presupposition


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

pre·sup·pose

 (prē′sə-pōz′)
tr.v. pre·sup·posed, pre·sup·pos·ing, pre·sup·pos·es
1. To believe or suppose in advance: "In passing moral judgments ... we presuppose that a man's actions, and hence also his being a good or a bad man, are in his power" (Leo Strauss).
2. To require or involve necessarily as an antecedent condition: "The term tax relief ... presupposes a conceptual metaphor: Taxes are an affliction" (George Lakoff).

pre·sup′po·si′tion (prē-sŭp′ə-zĭsh′ən) n.
pre·sup′po·si′tion·al adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.presupposition - the act of presupposing; a supposition made prior to having knowledge (as for the purpose of argument)
supposal, supposition - the cognitive process of supposing

presupposition

noun assumption, theory, belief, premise, hypothesis, presumption, preconception, supposition, preconceived idea the presupposition that human life must be sustained for as long as possible

presupposition

noun
Something taken to be true without proof:
Translations

presupposition

[ˌpriːsʌpəˈzɪʃən] Npresuposición f

presupposition

[ˌpriːsʌpəˈzɪʃən] nprésupposé m
the presupposition that ... → le présupposé selon lequel ...pre-tax [ˌpriːˈtæks] adj [earnings, losses, profits] → avant impôt(s)pre-teen preteen [ˌpriːˈtiːn]
npréadolescent(e) m/f
adjpréadolescent(e)
pre-teen children → les préadolescents

presupposition

presupposition

[ˌpriːsʌpəˈzɪʃn] npresupposto
References in classic literature ?
As far as I have been able to divine the latent meaning of the objectors, it seems to originate in a presupposition that the people will be disinclined to the exercise of federal authority in any matter of an internal nature.
The Squire had been used to parish homage all his life, used to the presupposition that his family, his tankards, and everything that was his, were the oldest and best; and as he never associated with any gentry higher than himself, his opinion was not disturbed by comparison.
This appreciation of time-intervals is, however, obviously a product of memory, not a presupposition of it.
It has been often remarked that Descartes, having begun by dismissing all presuppositions, introduces several: he passes almost at once from scepticism to dogmatism.
On the author's reading, Kant holds that every human agent ought to adopt the presupposition that she has an evil character, not because we know this presupposition to be true, but because this presupposition plays a crucial role in our quest for moral progress and greater virtue.
presents a fundamental challenge to the presupposition of randomness in conventional quantum theory--thereby providing a scientific framework for understanding anomalous phenomena and the associated departures from the predictions of conventional quantum theory.
The presupposition of any possible joint actions with the Turkish side in the fight against terrorism or even Ankara's rethinking of its line on terrorists in Syria or Iraq in these conditions looks more like a fantasy than reality," Syromolotov told RIA Novosti in an interview.
Finally, and importantly, education about the environment coheres with the presupposition that schooling is about socialisation for social maintenance by encouraging the view that technical considerations are paramount in the resolution of environmental problems, and by neglecting the development of critical thinking about the subjective, value-laden, human element in environmental issues.
Their topics include formal properties of now, free choice permission, semantics versus pragmatics, the paradox of the heap, a theory of truth and semantic representation, presupposition computation and presupposition justification as one aspect of the interpretation of multi-sentence discourse, and prolegomena to a structural account of belief and other attitudes.
Informally, accommodation is a repair strategy of context adjustment: a presupposition which is not known to be part of the context, but is induced by an assertion that has just been made in the context is quietly added to the context, to allow the assertion to be truth-functionally evaluated in the context and to update the context according to its meaning.
Although a full account of presupposition is beyond the scope of this study, it is instructive at this point to discuss informally why the presuppositions of clefts are important to the understanding of their role in discourse.