pretend


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pre·tend

 (prĭ-tĕnd′)
v. pre·tend·ed, pre·tend·ing, pre·tends
v.tr.
1. To give a false appearance of; feign: "You had to pretend conformity while privately pursuing high and dangerous nonconformism" (Anthony Burgess).
2. To claim or allege insincerely or falsely: doesn't pretend to be an expert.
3. To represent fictitiously in play; make believe: pretended they were on a cruise.
4. To take upon oneself; venture: I cannot pretend to say that you are wrong.
v.intr.
1. To feign an action or character, as in play.
2. To lay claim: pretends to gourmet tastes.
adj. Informal
Imitation; make-believe: pretend money; pretend pearls.

[Middle English pretenden, from Old French pretendre, from Latin praetendere : prae-, pre- + tendere, to extend; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

pretend

(prɪˈtɛnd)
vb
1. (when tr, usually takes a clause as object or an infinitive) to claim or allege (something untrue)
2. (tr; may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to make believe, as in a play: you pretend to be Ophelia.
3. (foll by: to) to present a claim, esp a dubious one: to pretend to the throne.
4. obsolete (foll by: to) to aspire as a candidate or suitor (for)
adj
fanciful; make-believe; simulated: a pretend gun.
[C14: from Latin praetendere to stretch forth, feign, from prae in front + tendere to stretch]

pre•tend

(prɪˈtɛnd)

v.
1. to cause or attempt to cause (what is not so) to seem so; claim: pretending that nothing is wrong.
2. to put forward a false appearance of, as to deceive; feign: to pretend illness.
3. to make believe: The children pretended they were cowboys.
4. to presume; venture: I can't pretend to say what went wrong.
5. to allege or profess, esp. insincerely or falsely: He pretended to have no knowledge of her whereabouts.
v.i.
6. to make believe.
7. to lay claim to (usu. fol. by to): to pretend to the throne.
8. to make pretensions (usu. fol. by to): to pretend to great knowledge.
9. Obs. to aspire, as a suitor or candidate (fol. by to).
adj.
10. make-believe; imaginary: pretend diamonds.
[1325–75; < Latin praetendere to stretch forth, put forward, pretend. See pre-, tend1]
syn: pretend, affect, assume, feign imply an attempt to create a false appearance. To pretend is to create an imaginary characteristic or to play a part: to pretend sorrow. To affect is to make a consciously artificial show of having qualities that one thinks would look well and impress others: to affect shyness. To assume is to take on or put on a specific outward appearance, often with intent to deceive: to assume an air of indifference. To feign implies using ingenuity in pretense, and some degree of imitation of appearance or characteristics: to feign surprise.

pretend


Past participle: pretended
Gerund: pretending

Imperative
pretend
pretend
Present
I pretend
you pretend
he/she/it pretends
we pretend
you pretend
they pretend
Preterite
I pretended
you pretended
he/she/it pretended
we pretended
you pretended
they pretended
Present Continuous
I am pretending
you are pretending
he/she/it is pretending
we are pretending
you are pretending
they are pretending
Present Perfect
I have pretended
you have pretended
he/she/it has pretended
we have pretended
you have pretended
they have pretended
Past Continuous
I was pretending
you were pretending
he/she/it was pretending
we were pretending
you were pretending
they were pretending
Past Perfect
I had pretended
you had pretended
he/she/it had pretended
we had pretended
you had pretended
they had pretended
Future
I will pretend
you will pretend
he/she/it will pretend
we will pretend
you will pretend
they will pretend
Future Perfect
I will have pretended
you will have pretended
he/she/it will have pretended
we will have pretended
you will have pretended
they will have pretended
Future Continuous
I will be pretending
you will be pretending
he/she/it will be pretending
we will be pretending
you will be pretending
they will be pretending
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been pretending
you have been pretending
he/she/it has been pretending
we have been pretending
you have been pretending
they have been pretending
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been pretending
you will have been pretending
he/she/it will have been pretending
we will have been pretending
you will have been pretending
they will have been pretending
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been pretending
you had been pretending
he/she/it had been pretending
we had been pretending
you had been pretending
they had been pretending
Conditional
I would pretend
you would pretend
he/she/it would pretend
we would pretend
you would pretend
they would pretend
Past Conditional
I would have pretended
you would have pretended
he/she/it would have pretended
we would have pretended
you would have pretended
they would have pretended
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.pretend - the enactment of a pretense; "it was just pretend"
pretending, pretense, feigning, simulation, pretence - the act of giving a false appearance; "his conformity was only pretending"
Verb1.pretend - make believe with the intent to deceive; "He feigned that he was ill"; "He shammed a headache"
misrepresent, belie - represent falsely; "This statement misrepresents my intentions"
make believe, pretend, make - represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act like; "She makes like an actress"
play possum - to pretend to be dead
take a dive - pretend to be knocked out, as of a boxer
bullshit, talk through one's hat, bull, fake - speak insincerely or without regard for facts or truths; "The politician was not well prepared for the debate and faked it"
mouth - articulate silently; form words with the lips only; "She mouthed a swear word"
2.pretend - behave unnaturally or affectedlypretend - behave unnaturally or affectedly; "She's just acting"
behave, act, do - behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself; "You should act like an adult"; "Don't behave like a fool"; "What makes her do this way?"; "The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"
sham, feign, simulate, assume - make a pretence of; "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"
3.pretend - put forward a claim and assert right or possession of; "pretend the title of King"
arrogate, lay claim, claim - demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to; "He claimed his suitcases at the airline counter"; "Mr. Smith claims special tax exemptions because he is a foreign resident"
4.pretend - put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation; "I am guessing that the price of real estate will rise again"; "I cannot pretend to say that you are wrong"
forebode, predict, prognosticate, foretell, promise, anticipate, call - make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome of an election"
suspect, surmise - imagine to be the case or true or probable; "I suspect he is a fugitive"; "I surmised that the butler did it"
speculate - talk over conjecturally, or review in an idle or casual way and with an element of doubt or without sufficient reason to reach a conclusion; "We were speculating whether the President had to resign after the scandal"
5.pretend - represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act likepretend - represent fictitiously, as in a play, or pretend to be or act like; "She makes like an actress"
dissemble, feign, pretend, sham, affect - make believe with the intent to deceive; "He feigned that he was ill"; "He shammed a headache"
go through the motions - pretend to do something by acting as if one was really doing it; "She isn't really working--she's just going through the motions"
act, play, represent - play a role or part; "Gielgud played Hamlet"; "She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role"; "She played the servant to her husband's master"
6.pretend - state insincerely; "He professed innocence but later admitted his guilt"; "She pretended not to have known the suicide bomber"; "She pretends to be an expert on wine"
claim - assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing; "He claimed that he killed the burglar"
Adj.1.pretend - imagined as in a play; "the make-believe world of theater"; "play money"; "dangling their legs in the water to catch pretend fish"
unreal - lacking in reality or substance or genuineness; not corresponding to acknowledged facts or criteria; "ghosts and other unreal entities"; "unreal propaganda serving as news"

pretend

verb
1. feign, affect, assume, allege, put on, fake, make out, simulate, profess, sham, counterfeit, falsify, impersonate, dissemble, dissimulate, pass yourself off as He pretended to be asleep.
2. make believe, suppose, imagine, play, act, make up, play the part of She can sunbathe and pretend she's in Spain. The children pretended to be animals.
3. lay claim, claim, allege, aspire, profess, purport I cannot pretend to understand the problem.
adjective
1. imaginary, imagined, made-up, fantasy, invented, pretended, make-believe Many children have a pretend playmate.

pretend

verb
1. To take on or give a false appearance of:
Idiom: make believe.
2. To behave affectedly or insincerely or take on a false or misleading appearance of:
3. To claim or allege insincerely or falsely:
4. To contrive and present as genuine:
5. To have the courage to put forward, as an idea, especially when rebuff or criticism is likely:
adjective
Informal. Made to imitate something else:
Translations
يَتَظَاهَريَتَظاهَريَدَّعي أنَّه
předstíratdělat jako by
foregivelade som om
teeskennellä
pretvarati se
megjátssza, hogy
òykjast
ふりをする
...인 체하다
izliktiesiztēloties
robiť sa, že
pretvarjati se
låtsas
แกล้ง
gibi görünmek-mış gibi görünmeknumara yapmakyapar gibi görünmek
giả vờ

pretend

[prɪˈtend]
A. VT
1. (= feign) → fingir, simular
to pretend that(querer) hacer creer que ...
he's pretending that he can't hearfinge no oír
let's pretend that I'm the doctor and you're the nurse (child language) → yo era el médico y tú eras la enfermera
to pretend to do sthfingir hacer algo
to pretend to be asleephacerse el dormido, fingir estar dormido
to pretend to be madfingirse loco
he pretends to be a poetse las da de poeta, se dice poeta
to pretend to go awayfingir marcharse
to pretend not to be listeninghacerse el distraído
to pretend not to understandhacerse el desentendido
2. (= claim) → pretender
I don't pretend to know the answerno pretendo saber la respuesta
I don't pretend to understand artno pretendo entender de arte
B. VI
1. (= feign) → fingir
she is only pretendinges de mentira
we're only pretending (to child) → es de mentirijillas
let's pretendimaginémoslo
let's not pretend to each otherno nos engañemos uno a otro
2. (= claim) to pretend to the thronepretender el trono
to pretend to intelligenceafirmar tener inteligencia, pretender ser inteligente
C. ADJde mentira, fingido
pretend moneydinero m de juego

pretend

[prɪˈtɛnd]
vt
(= feign) [+ ignorance, interest] → feindre
to pretend (that) → faire comme si
Her father tried to pretend that nothing unusual had happened → Son père essayait de faire comme si rien d'inhabituel ne s'était produit.
She can sunbathe and pretend she's in Spain → Elle peut prendre des bains de soleil et faire comme si elle était en Espagne.
to pretend to do sth → faire semblant de faire qch
He pretended to be asleep → Il faisait semblant de dormir.
(as game)s'imaginer
They were pretending that their bed was a pirate ship → Ils s'imaginaient que leur lit était un bateau pirate.
(= claim) → prétendre
I don't pretend to understand it → Je ne prétends pas le comprendre.
vi
(= feign) → faire semblant
(as game)jouer à faire semblant
(= claim) to pretend otherwise → prétendre le contraire
to pretend to sth → prétendre à qch
adj [money] → factice; [earrings] → pour jouer
Pretend cooking is just as much fun as the real thing → Jouer à faire la cuisine est tout aussi amusant que la faire pour de vrai.
pretend play → jeu symbolique

pretend

vt
(= make believe)so tun, als ob; (= feign)vortäuschen, vorgeben; to pretend to be interestedso tun, als ob man interessiert wäre; to pretend to be sick/to have a coldeine Krankheit/Erkältung vortäuschen or vorschützen; to pretend to be asleepsich schlafend stellen
(= claim) I don’t pretend to …ich behaupte nicht, dass ich …
vi
(= make believe)so tun, als ob; (= keep up facade)sich verstellen; he is only pretendinger tut nur so (als ob); let’s stop pretendinghören wir auf, uns (dat)etwas vorzumachen
(= lay claim) to pretend to somethingauf etw (acc)Anspruch erheben
adj (inf, child language) → Spiel-; pretend moneySpielgeld nt; pretend gunSpielzeuggewehr nt; it’s just pretend (story etc) → das ist nur Spaß (inf)

pretend

[prɪˈtɛnd]
1. vt
a. (feign) to pretend illness/ignorancefingersi malato/a/ignorante, far finta di essere malato/a/ignorante
to pretend to do sth → far finta or fingere di fare qc
she's pretending she can't hear us → fa finta di non sentirci
he was pretending to be a lawyer → si spacciava per avvocato
b. (claim) to pretend to do/thatpretendere di fare/che + sub
2. vi (feign) → far finta, fingere
she is only pretending → sta solo facendo finta
3. adj (fam) (gun, money) → finto/a

pretend

(priˈtend) verb
1. to make believe that something is true, in play. Let's pretend that this room is a cave!; Pretend to be a lion!; He wasn't really angry – he was only pretending.
2. to try to make it appear (that something is true), in order to deceive. He pretended that he had a headache; She was only pretending to be asleep; I pretended not to understand.
preˈtence , (American) preˈtense (-s) noun
(an) act of pretending. Under the pretence of friendship, he persuaded her to get into his car.
false pretences
acts or behaviour intended to deceive. He got the money under false pretences.

pretend

يَتَظَاهَر předstírat foregive vorgeben προσποιούμαι fingir teeskennellä prétendre pretvarati se fingere ふりをする ...인 체하다 doen alsof late som stworzyć pozory fingir притворяться låtsas แกล้ง yapar gibi görünmek giả vờ 假装

pretend

v. pretender, fingir, aparentar.
References in classic literature ?
I don't pretend to be wise, but I am observing, and I see a great deal more than you'd imagine.
We'll pretend we are on the right track, and very busy," said Tom.
I call them Iroquois, because to me every native, who speaks a foreign tongue, is accounted an enemy, though he may pretend to serve the king
Now it is averred,--but whether on authority available in a court of justice, we do not pretend to have investigated,--that the young man was tempted by the devil, one night, to search his uncle's private drawers, to which he had unsuspected means of access.
Indeed, so far as its physical aspect is concerned, with its flat, unvaried surface, covered chiefly with wooden houses, few or none of which pretend to architectural beauty -- its irregularity, which is neither picturesque nor quaint, but only tame -- its long and lazy street, lounging wearisomely through the whole extent of be peninsula, with Gallows Hill and New Guinea at one end, and a view of the alms-house at the other -- such being the features of my native town, it would be quite as reasonable to form a sentimental attachment to a disarranged checker-board.
What passed at this interview I will not pretend to say, for in fact I do not know.
Do you pretend to say, landlord, that this harpooneer is actually engaged this blessed Saturday night, or rather Sunday morning, in peddling his head around this town?
Why, said Stubb, eyeing the velvet vest and the watch and seals, you may as well begin by telling him that he looks a sort of babyish to me, though I don't pretend to be a judge.
The hands of these men would be criss- crossed with cuts, until you could no longer pretend to count them or to trace them.
Shelby; "and I respect your feelings, too, though I don't pretend to share them to their full extent; but I tell you now, solemnly, it's of no use--I can't help myself.
They who never go to the Holy Land in their walks, as they pretend, are indeed mere idlers and vagabonds; but they who do go there are saunterers in the good sense, such as I mean.
The more ignorant they are, the more pitifully certain they are to pretend you haven't shot over their heads.