They indicated that there was a significant difference in the levels of State and Trait Anxieties in the pretest
and posttest measures in both men and women.
Material and Methods: 2nd year MBBS students (4th and 5th term) after obtaining their consent for voluntary participation, asked to take the pretest
containing 10 questions on antiamoebic drugs, and the same 10 questions were provided at the end of the lecture as a post-test questionnaire to assess the effectiveness of the teaching as well as the receptive power of students and their pre- and post-lecture knowledge.
Table II) The overall median test scores improved from pretest
(65%) to immediate post-test (75%)' and then decreased to 70% for the follow-up posttest.
ESC guidelines may offer more accurate pretest
probabilities of CAD and allow a more targeted and cost-effective use of investigations.
The investigator hypothesized that there will be a gain in the knowledge of middle-aged women regarding the prevention of osteoporosis after giving the intervention and also that demographic variables will be associated with pretest
Students completed a pretest
as well as a posttest after receiving one or more of the treatments.
Lowest knowledge score of pretest
was 16 to 18 where as in post-test it ranged between 28 to 30.
As observed, the score of pretest
and posttest of the control group does not differ and is relatively the same.
The analysis of the mean difference between pretest
measures between groups did not reflect the existence of any initial statistically significant difference between them for any of the variables analyzed, as can be observed in Table 2.
After analyzing the resulting data from both tests, there is evidence (based on the scores of each participant from the pretest
to the post-test) that confirms that those participants exposed to pronunciation training improved their perceptive skills.
Students were included in each data analysis if they completed a pretest
and posttest for that specific instrument; they were not omitted from all data analysis if they were missing a specific pretest
The primary researcher not only saw a difference between the grade 1 and K students' mean and individual scores, but the researcher also saw a difference between the grade 1 students' individual pretest
and post-test scores and between their pretest
and post test mean score with the students' overall post test mean score being 97.