28 I also include here cases where 'e' has been kept in a syntactic pretonic position.
With regard to Florentine, Manni ("Ricerche sui tratti fonetici" 154) has noted that the evolution of pretonic ar to er in the future and conditional of -are verbs can be said to be constant from the first half of the 14th century onwards.
The addition of the morpheme may also cause the stress to shift, resulting in the reduction of vowels in pretonic
The constraint ALL-FT-RIGHT must also rank above WSP in order to account for the possible occurrences of unstressed heavy syllables in pretonic
positions, such as /piskaubu-av/ [pis.
Noteworthy is Mutzafi's observation that the length of a is preserved in pretonic
position in present-stem verb forms, e.
According to Pater (2000), the usual situation in English, due to a general requirement of iterative quantity-sensitive footing, is for a (word-initial) pretonic
heavy syllable to be stressed, even if a stress clash would result (45).
Final assimilation of *nt > tt; analogical shortening of vowel before geminate (2) (not in proper nouns); simplification of final geminates; pretonic
One is a descriptively straightfoward case of aperture harmony whereby any nonlow pretonic
vowel, whether from system I (alternatively [- tense]/[- ATR]) or system II (alternatively [+ tense]/[+ ATR]), must agree in height with the tonic vowel, though there are a number of exceptions especially as regards the occurrence of mid stressed vowels preceded by high vowels.
30) The active participle differs in form from Hebrew only in loss of the pretonic
vowel in the plural: e.
Final assimilation of *nt > tt; analogical shortening of vowel before geminate; simplification of final geminates; pretonic
skino may be due to pretonic
shortening (Dybo), similar to that in PGm.
As it stands, the reader must wrestle, for example, with the intricacies of pretonic
lengthening on one page (p.