previous


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pre·vi·ous

 (prē′vē-əs)
adj.
1. Existing or occurring before something else in time or order; prior: children by a previous marriage.
2. Informal Acting, occurring, or done too soon; premature or hasty: "I have been too previous, for which you must blame the natural impatience of a man in love" (Georgette Heyer).

[From Latin praevius, going before : prae-, pre- + via, way; see wegh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

pre′vi·ous·ly adv.
pre′vi·ous·ness n.

previous

(ˈpriːvɪəs)
adj
1. (prenominal) existing or coming before something else in time or position; prior
2. (postpositive) informal taking place or done too soon; premature
3. previous to before; prior to
[C17: from Latin praevius leading the way, from prae before + via way]
ˈpreviously adv
ˈpreviousness n

pre•vi•ous

(ˈpri vi əs)

adj.
1. coming or occurring before something else; prior: the previous owner.
2. Informal. done, occurring, etc., before the proper time; premature: Aren't you a little previous with that request?
Idioms:
previous to, before; prior to.
[1615–25; < Latin praevius going before =prae- pre- + -vius, adj. derivative of via way; see -ous]
pre′vi•ous•ly, adv.
pre′vi•ous•ness, n.
preceding, previous - Preceding means "occurring immediately before the time of the utterance," while previous means "occurring at some time before the utterance."
See also related terms for utterance.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.previous - just preceding something else in time or order; "the previous owner"; "my old house was larger"
preceding - existing or coming before
2.previous - (used especially of persons) of the immediate past; "the former president"; "our late President is still very active"; "the previous occupant of the White House"
past - earlier than the present time; no longer current; "time past"; "his youth is past"; "this past Thursday"; "the past year"
3.previous - too soon or too hasty; "our condemnation of him was a bit previous"; "a premature judgment"
early - at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time; "early morning"; "an early warning"; "early diagnosis"; "an early death"; "took early retirement"; "an early spring"; "early varieties of peas and tomatoes mature before most standard varieties"

previous

adjective
1. earlier, former, past, prior, one-time, preceding, sometime, erstwhile, antecedent, anterior, quondam, ex- He had a daughter from a previous marriage.
earlier later, following, succeeding, subsequent, consequent
2. preceding, past, prior, foregoing He recalled what Bob had told him the previous night.
3. (with to) before, ahead of, preceding, leading up to, earlier than, in advance of, anterior to (rare) a six-month period previous to this date

previous

adjective
2. Next before the present one:
4. Having been such previously:
Translations
سَابَقسابِق
předchozípředešlý
tidligereforudgående
edellinen
prethodni
fyrri
以前の
이전의
agrāksiepriekšējslīdzšinējs
prejšnji
föregående
ครั้งก่อน
bir öncekiönceki
trước

previous

[ˈpriːvɪəs]
A. ADJ
1. (= former, earlier) [night, day, year, page] → anterior; [experience] → previo
we met by previous arrangementnos reunimos acordando una cita previa or mediante cita previa
I have a previous engagementtengo un compromiso previo
in a previous incarnation or lifeen una vida anterior
on previous occasionsen ocasiones anteriores
the car has had two previous ownersel coche ha pasado por dos manos
in previous yearslos años anteriores
see also conviction 1
2. (= hasty) → prematuro
this seems somewhat previousesto parece algo prematuro
you were a bit previous in inviting himte has precipitado un poco invitándole
B. PREP previous to: in the five years previous to 1992durante los cinco años anteriores a 1992
previous to that she had worked in Londonantes de eso había trabajado en Londres

previous

[ˈpriːviəs] adj
[marriage, government, owner, chapter, attempts, generation] → précédent(e); [existence, incarnation, convictions] → antérieur(e); [experience, knowledge] → préalable
I have a previous engagement → je suis déjà pris(e)
previous to (= before) → avant
previous to doing → avant de faire
[week, night, day, year, decade, summer] → précédent(e)
the previous Saturday → le samedi d'avant

previous

adj
(= immediately preceding)vorherig; page, dayvorhergehend; yearvorangegangen; (with indef art) → früher; the previous page/day/yeardie Seite/der Tag/das Jahr davor; the/a previous holder of the titleder vorherige/ein früherer Titelträger; in previous yearsin früheren Jahren, früher; he’s already been the target of two previous attackser war schon das Opfer von zwei früheren Angriffen; in a previous incarnation or lifein einem früheren Leben; (fig)früher im Leben; from a previous relationshipaus einer früheren Beziehung; he beat his previous best (Sport) → er hat seine bisherige Höchstleistung überboten; have you made any previous applications?haben Sie sich davor or früher schon einmal beworben?; on a previous occasionzuvor, bei einer früheren Gelegenheit; I have a previous engagementich habe schon einen Termin; no previous experience necessaryVorkenntnisse (sind) nicht erforderlich; previous conviction (Jur) → Vorstrafe f; to have a previous convictionvorbestraft sein; previous ownerVorbesitzer(in) m(f)
(dated inf: = premature) → vorschnell, voreilig; this seems somewhat previousdas scheint etwas voreilig or verfrüht
previous tovor (+dat); previous to going outbevor ich/er etc ausging

previous

[ˈpriːvɪəs] adjprecedente
the previous day → il giorno prima or precedente
previous experience → precedente esperienza
he has no previous experience in that field → non ha esperienza in quel campo
I have a previous engagement → ho già (preso) un impegno
on a previous occasion → in precedenza
in a previous life → in un'altra vita
to have no previous convictions (Law) → non aver precedenti penali
to have 5 previous convictions → essere già stato/a condannato/a 5 volte

previous

(ˈpriːviəs) adjective
earlier in time or order. on a previous occasion; the previous owner of the house.
ˈpreviously adverb
previous to
before. They told their families about their engagement previous to publishing it in the newspaper.

previous

سَابَق předchozí tidligere vorhergehend προγενέστερος previo edellinen précédent prethodni precedente 以前の 이전의 vorig forrige poprzedni anterior предыдущий föregående ครั้งก่อน önceki trước 早先的

previous

a. previo-a, anterior.

previous

adj anterior, previo; your previous doctor..su médico -ca mf anterior
References in classic literature ?
After breakfast, while the Indians were making ready the canoes, Professor Bumper, who, in a previous visit to Central America, had become interested in the subject, made a brief examination of some of the dead bats.
On a few previous occasions she had been completely deprived of any desire to finish her dinner.
Every thought filled with apprehension for the previous treasure he had concealed in the cavern, the young man started to his feet, totally regardless of the hazard he incurred by such an exposure.
A stillness, more oppressive and intolerable than the previous commotion, began to pervade the house and the surrounding woods.
For some reason or other, not very easy to analyze, there had hardly been so bitter a pang in all her previous misery about the matter as what thrilled Hepzibah's heart on overhearing the above conversation.
Instead of a reprimand for their previous negligence, the case seemed rather to require an eulogium on their praiseworthy caution after the mischief had happened; a grateful recognition of the promptitude of their zeal the moment that there was no longer any remedy.
We had it from him again before the fire in the hall, as we had had our mild wonders of the previous night.
Its extreme down-town is the battery, where that noble mole is washed by waves, and cooled by breezes, which a few hours previous were out of sight of land.
True, from the unmarred dead body of the whale, you may scrape off with your hand an infinitely thin, transparent substance, somewhat resembling the thinnest shreds of isinglass, only it is almost as flexible and soft as satin; that is, previous to being dried, when it not only contracts and thickens, but becomes rather hard and brittle.
It appears to me susceptible of absolute demonstration, that it will be far more easy to obtain subsequent than previous amendments to the Constitution.
But the admission of consuls into the United States, where no previous treaty has stipulated it, seems to have been nowhere provided for.
The proletarians cannot become masters of the productive forces of society, except by abolishing their own previous mode of appropriation, and thereby also every other previous mode of appropriation.