Moreover, maps can serve as a unique form of prewriting
to help students make discoveries about themselves as writers and organize that information in preparation for assignments that call for reflection on writing.
Middle school and high school teachers will learn how to guide students through the prewriting
, writing, and revision processes using formative assessment techniques.
During the two 50- to 60-minute sessions, students will: use prewriting
(a K-W-L chart) to prepare for research; use prior knowledge to extend the depth of inquiry; collect and organize historical information; create a time line representing historical facts and events; learn how to import Internet photographs and credit the source; and write an informational summary report using a word processing program.
Given that students with specific learning disabilities employ a less sophisticated approach to composing than normally achieving students--one that minimizes the role of planning (Harris & Graham, 1996), fable instruction, prewriting
activities, large group instruction and small collaborative groups were combined so that the potential benefits to students with special needs could be evaluated.
Part I focuses on the stages of the writing process, from prewriting
to publishing, and on using the stages to teach writing workshops, literature focus units, and thematic units.
During the three 50-minute lessons, students will demonstrate proficiency in using the writing process; make connections between prior knowledge and new information using prewriting
strategies; write in response to a self-selected example of non-print media, demonstrating an awareness of purpose, audience, voice, and style; note relevant information using listening and visual literacy; synthesize information in order to produce a piece of writing that demonstrates an understanding of comparison, analogy, and metaphor; and use a variety of technology and multi-media resources.
This sort of prewriting
peer reviewing was aimed at furthering their ability to question each other with confidence about purpose, sources, and other aspects of the writing.
Activities include lesson plans, extensions, evaluation rubrics, worksheets, examples, lists of materials, and student prewriting
, drafting, editing, and publishing suggestions.
The paper reports that students (n=17) in two classrooms were assigned the same writing topic and given similar instructions for prewriting
The method moves through phases, which are broken down into lessons, from teaching vocabulary and prewriting
strategies to editing and publishing.
This is a prewriting
activity for personal memoir or autobiographical writing.
Part I, on the writing process, covers prewriting
, writing and organizing, writing as a social act, grammar and correcting, grammar through revision and reformulation, postwriting and publishing, and assessment.