prime


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prime

 (prīm)
adj.
1. First or highest in rank or importance; main: Our prime consideration is for the children's safety. See Synonyms at chief. See Usage Note at perfect.
2.
a. Highest in quality; excellent: prime real estate; prime cuts of beef.
b. Being the most desired or suitable example of something: a prime candidate for the study.
3. First or early in time, order, or sequence: the prime action of the drug.
4. Mathematics Of, relating to, or being a prime number.
n.
1.
a. The period of greatest physical and mental robustness: athletes in the prime of their lives.
b. The period of best performance or peak activity: This car is definitely past its prime. See Synonyms at bloom1.
2. Mathematics A prime number.
3. The prime rate.
4. A mark (′) appended above and to the right of a character, especially:
a. One used to distinguish different values of the same variable in a mathematical expression.
b. One used to represent a unit of measurement, such as feet or minutes in latitude and longitude.
5. also Prime Ecclesiastical
a. The second of the seven canonical hours. No longer in liturgical use.
b. The time appointed for this service, the first hour of the day or 6 am.
6. Linguistics See primitive.
7. The first position of thrust and parry in fencing.
v. primed, prim·ing, primes
v.tr.
1. To make ready; prepare: guard dogs primed for attack.
2. To prepare (a gun or mine) for firing by inserting a charge of gunpowder or a primer.
3. To prepare for operation, as by pouring water into a pump or gasoline into a carburetor.
4. To prepare (a surface) for painting by covering with size, primer, or an undercoat.
5. To inform or instruct beforehand; coach.
v.intr.
To become prepared for future action or operation.
Idiom:
prime the pump Informal
To encourage the growth or action of something.

[Middle English, first in occurrence, from Old French, feminine of prin, from Latin prīmus; see per in Indo-European roots. Noun, sense 5, from Middle English, from Old English prīm, from Late Latin prīma (hōra), first (hour), from Latin, feminine of prīmus.]

prime′ly adv.
prime′ness n.

prime

(praɪm)
adj
1. (prenominal) first in quality or value; first-rate
2. (prenominal) fundamental; original
3. (prenominal) first in importance, authority, etc; chief
4. (Mathematics) maths
a. having no factors except itself or one: x2 + x + 3 is a prime polynomial.
b. (foll by to) having no common factors (with): 20 is prime to 21.
5. (Banking & Finance) finance having the best credit rating: prime investments.
n
6. the time when a thing is at its best
7. a period of power, vigour, etc, usually following youth (esp in the phrase the prime of life)
8. the beginning of something, such as the spring
9. (Mathematics) maths short for prime number
10. (Linguistics) linguistics a semantically indivisible element; minimal component of the sense of a word
11. (Music, other) music
a. unison
b. the tonic of a scale
12. (Roman Catholic Church) chiefly RC Church the second of the seven canonical hours of the divine office, originally fixed for the first hour of the day, at sunrise
13. (Fencing) the first of eight basic positions from which a parry or attack can be made in fencing
vb
14. to prepare (something); make ready
15. (tr) to apply a primer, such as paint or size, to (a surface)
16. (Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to fill (a pump) with its working fluid before starting, in order to improve the sealing of the pump elements and to expel air from it before starting
17. (Automotive Engineering) (tr) to increase the quantity of fuel in the float chamber of (a carburettor) in order to facilitate the starting of an engine
18. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) (tr) to insert a primer into (a gun, mine, charge, etc) preparatory to detonation or firing
19. (Mechanical Engineering) (intr) (of a steam engine or boiler) to operate with or produce steam mixed with large amounts of water
20. (tr) to provide with facts, information, etc, beforehand; brief
[(adj) C14: from Latin prīmus first; (n) C13: from Latin prīma (hora) the first (hour); (vb) C16: of uncertain origin, probably connected with n]
ˈprimely adv
ˈprimeness n

prime

(praɪm)

adj., n., v. primed, prim•ing. adj.
1. of the first importance: a prime requisite.
2. of the greatest relevance or significance: a prime example.
3. of the highest eminence or rank: a prime authority on Chaucer.
4. of the greatest commercial value: prime building lots.
5. first-rate.
6. (of meat) of the highest grade or best quality: prime ribs of beef.
7. first in order of time, existence, or development.
8. basic; fundamental: a prime axiom.
9. (of any two or more numbers) having no common divisor except unity: The number 2 is prime to 9.
n.
10. the most flourishing stage or state.
11. the time of early manhood or womanhood: the prime of youth.
12. the period of greatest vigor of human life: a man in his prime.
13. the choicest or best part of anything.
14. the earliest stage of any period.
15. the spring of the year.
16. the hour following sunrise.
18. the second of the seven canonical hours or the service for it, orig. fixed for the first hour of the day.
19. Math.
b. one of the equal parts into which a unit is primarily divided.
c. the mark (~) indicating such a division: a, a~.
20. Music. (in a scale) the tonic or keynote.
21. any basic, indivisible unit used in linguistic analysis.
v.t.
22. to prepare for a particular purpose or operation.
23. to supply (a firearm) with powder for igniting a charge.
24. to pour or admit liquid into (a pump) to expel air and prepare for action.
25. to put fuel into (a carburetor) before starting an engine, in order to insure a sufficiently rich mixture at the start.
26. to cover (a surface) with an undercoat of paint or the like.
27. to supply with needed information, facts, etc.
v.i.
28. to harvest the bottom leaves from a tobacco plant.
Idioms:
prime the pump,
a. to increase government expenditure in an effort to stimulate the economy.
b. to support or promote the operation or improvement of something.
[before 1000; (adj.) Middle English (< Old French prim) < Latin prīmus first (superlative corresponding to prior prior1); (n.) in part derivative of the adj., in part continuing Middle English prim(e) first canonical hour, Old English prim < Latin prīma(hōra) first (hour)]
prime′ly, adv.
prime′ness, n.

prime

- Unusual since it can have virtually opposite meanings: "preliminary, basic" or "lowest"—as well as "finest" and "highest."
See also related terms for highest.

prime


Past participle: primed
Gerund: priming

Imperative
prime
prime
Present
I prime
you prime
he/she/it primes
we prime
you prime
they prime
Preterite
I primed
you primed
he/she/it primed
we primed
you primed
they primed
Present Continuous
I am priming
you are priming
he/she/it is priming
we are priming
you are priming
they are priming
Present Perfect
I have primed
you have primed
he/she/it has primed
we have primed
you have primed
they have primed
Past Continuous
I was priming
you were priming
he/she/it was priming
we were priming
you were priming
they were priming
Past Perfect
I had primed
you had primed
he/she/it had primed
we had primed
you had primed
they had primed
Future
I will prime
you will prime
he/she/it will prime
we will prime
you will prime
they will prime
Future Perfect
I will have primed
you will have primed
he/she/it will have primed
we will have primed
you will have primed
they will have primed
Future Continuous
I will be priming
you will be priming
he/she/it will be priming
we will be priming
you will be priming
they will be priming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been priming
you have been priming
he/she/it has been priming
we have been priming
you have been priming
they have been priming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been priming
you will have been priming
he/she/it will have been priming
we will have been priming
you will have been priming
they will have been priming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been priming
you had been priming
he/she/it had been priming
we had been priming
you had been priming
they had been priming
Conditional
I would prime
you would prime
he/she/it would prime
we would prime
you would prime
they would prime
Past Conditional
I would have primed
you would have primed
he/she/it would have primed
we would have primed
you would have primed
they would have primed

Prime

One-twelfth of a square foot.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prime - a number that has no factor but itself and 1prime - a number that has no factor but itself and 1
number - a concept of quantity involving zero and units; "every number has a unique position in the sequence"
prime number - an integer that has no integral factors but itself and 1
2.prime - the period of greatest prosperity or productivity
period, period of time, time period - an amount of time; "a time period of 30 years"; "hastened the period of time of his recovery"; "Picasso's blue period"
golden age - a time period when some activity or skill was at its peak; "it was the golden age of cinema"
3.prime - the second canonical hour; about 6 a.m.
canonical hour - (Roman Catholic Church) one of seven specified times for prayer
4.prime - the time of maturity when power and vigor are greatest
adulthood, maturity - the period of time in your life after your physical growth has stopped and you are fully developed
Verb1.prime - insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory to detonation or firing; "prime a cannon"; "prime a mine"
gear up, prepare, ready, set, fix, set up - make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc; "Get the children ready for school!"; "prepare for war"; "I was fixing to leave town after I paid the hotel bill"
2.prime - cover with a primerprime - cover with a primer; apply a primer to
paint - apply paint to; coat with paint; "We painted the rooms yellow"
3.prime - fill with priming liquid; "prime a car engine"
fill, fill up, make full - make full, also in a metaphorical sense; "fill a container"; "fill the child with pride"
Adj.1.prime - first in rank or degree; "an architect of premier rank"; "the prime minister"
first - preceding all others in time or space or degree; "the first house on the right"; "the first day of spring"; "his first political race"; "her first baby"; "the first time"; "the first meetings of the new party"; "the first phase of his training"
2.prime - used of the first or originating agent; "prime mover"
first - preceding all others in time or space or degree; "the first house on the right"; "the first day of spring"; "his first political race"; "her first baby"; "the first time"; "the first meetings of the new party"; "the first phase of his training"
3.prime - of superior gradeprime - of superior grade; "choice wines"; "prime beef"; "prize carnations"; "quality paper"; "select peaches"
superior - of high or superior quality or performance; "superior wisdom derived from experience"; "superior math students"
4.prime - of or relating to or being an integer that cannot be factored into other integers; "prime number"
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
5.prime - being at the best stage of development; "our manhood's prime vigor"- Robert Browning
mature - having reached full natural growth or development; "a mature cell"

prime

adjective
2. best, top, select, highest, capital, quality, choice, selected, excellent, superior, first-class, first-rate, grade-A It was one of the City's prime locations.
3. fundamental, original, basic, primary, underlying A prime cause of deforestation was the burning of charcoal to melt ore into iron.
noun
1. peak, flower, bloom, maturity, height, perfection, best days, heyday, zenith, full flowering She was in her intellectual prime.
verb
1. inform, tell, train, coach, brief, fill in (informal), groom (informal), notify, clue in (informal), gen up (Brit. informal), give someone the lowdown, clue up (informal) The press corps has been primed to avoid this topic.
2. prepare, set up, load, equip, get ready, make ready They had primed the bomb to go off in an hour's time.

prime

adjective
1. Of fine quality:
2. Exceptionally good of its kind:
Slang: boss.
Chiefly British: tophole.
3. Most important, influential, or significant:
4. Preceding all others in time:
5. Not derived from something else:
noun
A condition or time of vigor and freshness:
verb
To cause to be ready, as for use, consumption, or a special purpose:
Translations
اوَّل، أهَم، رَئيسيريَعان الشَّبابمُمتاز، أفْضَليُعِدُّ قَبْلَ إضافَة أي شَيء
primer
nabítnanést podkladnejdůležitějšínejkrásnější dobanejlepší
bedstden bedste alderførste-højestpræparere
algarvesimeneparim
alkulukuensiluokkainenjaotonpää-priima
bestur, fyrsta flokksblómimegin-, aîal-undirbúa; grunna; setja púîur
下塗りをする主音初期原始呼び水を差す
galvenaisgruntētlieliskspielādētpiepildīt
número primoprimo
najdôležitejšínajkrajšie obdobienatrieť podklad
najpomembnejšiprašteviloprvi
börjanförstprimtidigast
asılen güzel çağen iyiesashazırlamak

prime

[praɪm]
A. ADJ
1. (= major, main) [cause, objective, target] → principal
the/a prime cause of stress in the workplacela principal causa/una de las principales causas de estrés en el trabajo
the prime candidate to take over his job is May ReidMay Reid es la candidata con más posibilidades de sustituirle en el puesto
our prime concern is public safetynuestra mayor or principal preocupación es la seguridad ciudadana
to be of prime importanceser de primordial importancia, ser de fundamental importancia
he's the prime suspectes el principal sospechoso
2. (= top-quality, excellent) [real estate, property] → de primera; [ingredient, cut] → de primera (calidad)
to be in prime condition [cattle, fruit, car] → estar en perfecto estado; [athlete] → estar en plena forma
prime quality beefcarne f de vaca de primera (calidad)
prime rib(s)costillas fpl de primera (calidad)
a prime siteun lugar privilegiado
3. (= classic) → perfecto
a prime example of what to avoidun perfecto ejemplo de lo que se debe evitar
4. (Math) [number] → primo
B. N
1. (= best years)
when trade unionism was in its primecuando el sindicalismo estaba en su apogeo
to be in one's prime or in the prime of life [person] → estar en la flor de la vida
to be cut off or cut down in one's primemorir en la flor de la vida
he's past his primeya ha dejado atrás los mejores años de su vida
the hotel was past its prime (hum) → el hotel ya había dejado atrás sus días de gloria
2. (Rel) → prima f
C. VT
1. (prior to painting) → imprimar, preparar; (with primer) → aplicar una capa de imprimación a; (with undercoat) → aplicar una capa de (pintura) base a; (with anticorrosive) → aplicar una capa de pintura anticorrosiva a
2. (prior to use) [+ gun, pump] → cebar
he primed the bomb to go off at tencebó la bomba para que explotara a las diez
to prime the pumpsacar las cosas adelante
he was willing to prime the pump by offering financeestaba dispuesto a ofrecerse a financiarlo para que saliera adelante
public investment is the best way of priming the pump of economic activityla inversión pública es la mejor forma de promover la actividad ecónomica
3. (= prepare) [+ student, politician, soldier] → preparar
she came well primed for the interviewvino a la entrevista bien preparada
they had been primed to expect the worstse les había preparado para lo peor
to keep troops primed for combattener a las tropas listas para el combate
he had been primed to say thatle habían dado instrucciones para que dijera eso
4. (with drink) he arrived well primedllegó ya bien bebido
he primed himself for the interview with a stiff whiskyse tomó un whisky fuerte como preparación para la entrevista
D. CPD prime cost Ncoste m neto, coste m de producción
prime factor Nfactor m primordial, factor m principal
the prime meridian N (Geog) → el meridiano de Greenwich
prime minister Nprimer(a) ministro/a m/f
prime ministership N (= period of office) → mandato m como primer ministro; (= office) → cargo m de(l) primer ministro
prime mover N (= person) → promotor(a) m/f (Philos) → primer motor m
a prime mover in Middle East eventsuna de las promotoras de los acontecimientos en el Oriente Medio
prime number N (Math) → número m primo
prime rate Ntipo m de interés preferencial
prime lending ratetipo m de interés preferencial sobre los préstamos
prime time N (TV) → horas fpl de máxima or mayor audiencia
the programme was repeated in prime timeel programa se repitió a una de las horas de máxima or mayor audiencia
see also prime-time

prime

[ˈpraɪm]
adj
(= fundamental) [concern] → premier/ière after n; [requirement] → primordial(e)
to be of prime importance → être de première importance
(= main) → principal(e)
the prime suspect → le principal suspect
(= excellent) [condition, quality] → excellent(e); [site, location] → de choix
prime beef → du bœuf premier choix
a prime example of ... → un exemple type de ...
vt
[+ pump] → amorcer; [+ gun] → charger
(= inform) → informer
(= prepare) to prime sb to do sth → préparer qn à faire qch
to be primed to do sth → être préparé(e) à faire qch
n
in one's prime → au mieux de sa forme
to be in one's prime → être dans la fleur de l'âge
in the prime of life → dans la fleur de l'âge
to be past one's prime → ne plus être au mieux de sa formeprime minister Prime Minister nPremier ministre m/fprime mover n (= person) → instigateur/trice m/f
to be the prime mover in sth → être l'instigateur/trice m/f de qchprime number nnombre m premier

prime

adj
(= major, chief)Haupt-, wesentlich; target, objectivehauptsächtlich, oberste(r, s), höchste(r, s); candidateerste(r, s); causehauptsächlich, häufigste(r, s); requirementerste(r, s), oberste(r, s); prime suspectHauptverdächtige(r) mf; of prime importancevon größter Bedeutung, von äußerster Wichtigkeit; my prime concernmein Hauptanliegen nt; she was a prime favouritesie war eine hohe Favoritin
(= excellent)erstklassig, beste(r, s); exampleerstklassig; in prime condition (meat, fruit etc)von hervorragender Qualität; athlete, car etcin erstklassiger or hervorragender Verfassung; prime cutStück ntbester Qualität prime exampleParadebeispiel nt, → klassisches Beispiel
n
(= full vigour) in the prime of lifein der Blüte seiner Jahre; he is in his primeer ist im besten Alter or in den besten Jahren; (singer, artist) → er ist an seinem Höhepunkt angelangt; he was cut down in his primeer wurde in der Blüte seiner Jahre dahingerafft; he is past his primeer ist über sein bestes Alter or seine besten Jahre hinaus; (singer, artist) → er hat seine beste Zeit hinter sich; this city is past its primediese Stadt hat auch schon bessere Zeiten gesehen
(Math) → Primzahl f
(Eccl: also Prime) → Prim f
vt
gunschussfertig machen; bombscharf machen; pumpvorpumpen; carburettorAnlasskraftstoff einspritzen in (+acc)
surface (for painting) → grundieren
(with advice, information) → instruieren
person (with drink) → alkoholisieren, unter Alkohol setzen

prime

:
prime factor
n (Math) → Primfaktor m
prime meridian
nNullmeridian m
prime minister
nMinisterpräsident(in) m(f), → Premierminister(in) m(f)
prime ministerial
prime ministership
nAmt ntdes Premierministers; during her primewährend ihrer Amtszeit als Premierministerin
prime mover
n (Phys, Tech) → Zugmaschine f; (Philos) → bewegende Kraft, Triebfeder f; (fig: = person) → treibende Kraft
prime number
n (Math) → Primzahl f

prime

:
prime rate
n (Econ, Fin) → Prime Rate f, → Vorzugszins nt
prime ribs
plHochrippen pl
prime time

prime

[praɪm]
1. adj
a. (chief, major, gen) → principale, primario/a, fondamentale; (cause, reason) → primo/a, fondamentale
of prime importance → della massima importanza
b. (excellent, example) → superbo/a; (meat) → di prima scelta
of prime quality → di prima scelta
in prime condition (car, athlete) → in perfette condizioni (fruit) → in condizioni perfette
2. n in the prime of life, in one's primenel fiore della vita
to be past one's prime → non essere più quello/a di una volta
3. vt (wood) → preparare; (gun) → innescare; (pump) → adescare (fig) (instruct) → istruire, mettere al corrente
he arrived well primed → è arrivato ben preparato

prime1

(praim) adjective
1. first or most important. the prime minister; a matter of prime importance.
2. best. in prime condition.
noun
the best part (of a person's etc life, usually early middle age). He is in his prime; the prime of life.
ˈprimary adjective
1. first or most important. his primary concern.
2. of the first level or stage. a primary school.
ˈprimarily (praiˈmerəli) adverb
chiefly; in the first place. I wrote the play primarily as a protest, and only secondarily as entertainment.
primary colours
(of pigments, but not of light) those colours from which all others can be made, ie red, blue and yellow.
prime minister
the chief minister of a government.
prime number
a number that can only be divided without a remainder by itself and 1, eg 3, 5, 7, 31.
ˈprime time noun
the evening hours, the time when most viewers are watching television. The programme will be broadcast during prime time.
adjective
prime-time advertising.

prime2

(praim) verb
to prepare (something) by putting something into or on it. He primed (=put gunpowder into) his gun; You must prime (=treat with primer) the wood before you paint it.
ˈprimer noun
1. a book that gives basic information about a subject.
2. a substance put on a surface to prime it before painting.

prime

a. primero-a, principal;
v.
to be in one's ___estar en la flor de la vida.
References in classic literature ?
Bruin was quite dead, and as he was in prime condition there was a feast of bear meat at the following dinner.
It would be an unequal exchange, to give a warrior, in the prime of his age and usefulness, for the best woman on the frontiers.
As regards its interior life, a large, dim looking-glass used to hang in one of the rooms, and was fabled to contain within its depths all the shapes that had ever been reflected there,--the old Colonel himself, and his many descendants, some in the garb of antique babyhood, and others in the bloom of feminine beauty or manly prime, or saddened with the wrinkles of frosty age.
In the first place, my coadjutors were not invariably old; there were men among them in their strength and prime, of marked ability and energy, and altogether superior to the sluggish and dependent mode of life on which their evil stars had cast them.
This person proved, on her presenting herself, for judgment, at a house in Harley Street, that impressed her as vast and imposing--this prospective patron proved a gentleman, a bachelor in the prime of life, such a figure as had never risen, save in a dream or an old novel, before a fluttered, anxious girl out of a Hampshire vicarage.
And, as for me, if, by any possibility, there be any as yet undiscovered prime thing in me; if I shall ever deserve any real repute in that small but high hushed world which I might not be unreasonably ambitious of; if hereafter I shall do anything that, upon the whole, a man might rather have done than to have left undone; if, at my death, my executors, or more properly my creditors, find any precious MSS.
Clear old prime Nantucket water; which, when three years afloat, the Nantucketer, in the Pacific, prefers to drink before the brackish fluid, but yesterday rafted off in casks, from the Peruvian or Indian streams.
And so," she said, "here we are, ruined in the prime of our youth and strength, you by a drunkard, and I by a fool; it is very hard.
Never did fall of any prime minister at court occasion wider surges of sensation than the report of Tom's fate among his compeers on the place.
A gentleman remarked, one day, that it might have been fine to live in the castle in the day of its prime, but that we had one advantage which its vanished inhabitants lacked--the advantage of having a charming ruin to visit and muse over.
Mighty prime little nigger, I al'ays says, but dat's 'ca'se it's mine, o' course.
The prime feature of the evening was in order, now -- original "compositions" by the young ladies.