principal


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prin·ci·pal

 (prĭn′sə-pəl)
adj.
1. First or highest in rank or importance. See Synonyms at chief.
2. Of, relating to, or being financial principal, or a principal in a financial transaction.
n.
1.
a. One who holds a position of presiding rank, especially the head of an elementary school, middle school, or high school.
b. A main participant in a situation, especially a financial transaction.
c. A person having a leading or starring role in a performance, such as the first player in a section of an orchestra.
2.
a. An amount of capital originally borrowed or invested, as opposed to the interest paid or accruing on it.
b. The most significant part of an estate, as opposed to minor or incidental components.
3. Law
a. The person on behalf of whom an agent acts.
b. The person having prime responsibility for an obligation as distinguished from one who acts as surety or as an endorser.
c. The main actor in the perpetration of a crime.
4. Architecture Either of a pair of inclined timbers forming the sides of a triangular truss for a pitched roof.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin prīncipālis, from prīnceps, prīncip-, leader, emperor; see per in Indo-European roots.]

prin′ci·pal·ly adv.
prin′ci·pal·ship′ n.
Usage Note: Principal and principle are often confused but have no meanings in common. Principle is only a noun and usually refers to a rule or standard. Principal is both a noun and an adjective. As a noun, it has specialized meanings in law and finance, but in general usage it refers to a person who holds a high position or plays an important role: a meeting among all the principals in the transaction. As an adjective it has the sense of "chief" or "leading": The coach's principal concern is the quarterback's health.

principal

(ˈprɪnsɪpəl)
adj (prenominal)
1. first in importance, rank, value, etc; chief
2. (Banking & Finance) denoting or relating to capital or property as opposed to interest, etc
n
3. a person who is first in importance or directs some event, action, organization, etc
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Britain) a civil servant of an executive grade who is in charge of a section
5. (Law) law
a. a person who engages another to act as his agent
b. an active participant in a crime
c. the person primarily liable to fulfil an obligation
6. (Education) the head of a school or other educational institution
7. (Education) (in Scottish schools) a head of department
8. (Banking & Finance) finance
a. capital or property, as contrasted with the income derived from it
b. the original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated
9. (Building) a main roof truss or rafter
10. (Music, other) music
a. the chief instrumentalist in a section of the orchestra
b. one of the singers in an opera company
c. either of two types of open diapason organ stops, one of four-foot length and pitch and the other of eight-foot length and pitch
11. (Theatre) the leading performer in a play
[C13: via Old French from Latin principālis chief, from princeps chief man, prince]
ˈprincipalship n
Usage: See at principle

prin•ci•pal

(ˈprɪn sə pəl)

adj.
1. first or highest in rank, importance, value, etc.; chief; foremost.
2. of or constituting principal or capital: a principal investment.
n.
3. a chief or head.
4. the head or director of a school or, esp. in England, a college.
5. a chief actor or performer.
6. a matter of the greatest importance.
7. Law.
a. a person who authorizes another to act for him or her.
b. a person who commits a crime or is present and acts as an abettor.
8. a capital sum, as distinguished from interest or profit.
9. the main body of an estate, or the like, as distinguished from income.
10. (in a framed structure) a member, as a truss, upon which adjacent or similar members depend for support or reinforcement.
11. each of the combatants in a duel, as distinguished from the seconds.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Latin prīncipālis first, chief =prīncip- (see prince) + -ālis -al1]
prin′ci•pal•ly, adv.
prin′ci•pal•ship`, n.
syn: See capital1.
usage: Although pronounced alike, principle and principal are not interchangeable in writing. A principle is broadly “a rule of action or conduct” or “a fundamental doctrine or tenet.” The adjective principal has the general sense “chief, first, foremost.” The noun principal has among other meanings “the head or director of a school” and “a capital sum, as distinguished from interest or profit.”

headmaster

principal

In Britain, the teacher in charge of a school is called the headmaster or headmistress. In America, these terms refer only to teachers in charge of private schools. The teacher in charge of any other kind of school is called the principal.

In Britain, the person in charge of a college is often called a principal. In the United States, the person in charge of a college is usually called a president.

Dr Susan Danby, Principal of the College of the Royal Academy of Dancing, 1979-99.
...a high-profile team of business people and educators, including former Yale president Benno Schmidt.

principal

principle
1. 'principal'

Principal can be an adjective or a noun.

The principal thing or person in a group is the most important one.

His principal interest in life was money.
The principal character in the film was played by John Hurt.

The principal of a school or college is the person in charge of it.

The teacher sent me to the principal's office.
Lodge was Principal of Birmingham University.
2. 'principle'

Principle is always a noun. A principle is a general rule that someone's behaviour or ideas are based on.

She did not eat meat because it was against her principles.
We follow the principle that everyone should be treated equally.

principal

A person who is in charge of a school or other educational institution.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.principal - the original amount of a debt on which interest is calculatedprincipal - the original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated
debt - money or goods or services owed by one person to another
loan - the temporary provision of money (usually at interest)
2.principal - the educator who has executive authority for a schoolprincipal - the educator who has executive authority for a school; "she sent unruly pupils to see the principal"
chancellor - the honorary or titular head of a university
educator, pedagog, pedagogue - someone who educates young people
headmaster, schoolmaster, master - presiding officer of a school
headmistress - a woman headmaster
3.principal - an actor who plays a principal role
actor, histrion, thespian, role player, player - a theatrical performer
co-star - one of two actors who are given equal status as stars in a play or film
film star, movie star - a star who plays leading roles in the cinema
matinee idol, idol - someone who is adored blindly and excessively
television star, TV star - a star in a television show
4.principal - capital as contrasted with the income derived from it
capital - wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
5.principal - (criminal law) any person involved in a criminal offense, regardless of whether the person profits from such involvement
criminal law - the body of law dealing with crimes and their punishment
offender, wrongdoer - a person who transgresses moral or civil law
criminal, crook, felon, malefactor, outlaw - someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
6.principal - the major party to a financial transaction at a stock exchange; buys and sells for his own account
broker-dealer - a financial specialist who trades for his own account and so acts both as a broker and principal
financier, moneyman - a person skilled in large scale financial transactions
Adj.1.principal - most important element; "the chief aim of living"; "the main doors were of solid glass"; "the principal rivers of America"; "the principal example"; "policemen were primary targets"; "the master bedroom"; "a master switch"
important, of import - of great significance or value; "important people"; "the important questions of the day"

principal

noun
1. headmaster or headmistress, head (informal), director, dean, head teacher, rector, master or mistress the principal of the local high school
2. boss, head, leader, director, chief (informal), master, ruler, superintendent, baas (S. African) the principal of the company
3. star, lead, leader, prima ballerina, first violin, leading man or lady, coryphée soloists and principals of The Scottish Ballet orchestra
4. capital, money, assets, working capital, capital funds Use the higher premiums to pay the interest and principal on the debt. see principle

principal

adjective
1. Most important, influential, or significant:
2. Having or exercising authority:
noun
The main performer in a theatrical production:
Translations
أَسَاسِيّالمُمَثِّل او الرّاقِص الرَّئيسيرَئِيسرَئيسيمَبلَغ المال في المَصرِف
hlavníředitelrektortanečníkvedoucí
forstanderhoved-hovedkrafthovedstolinspektør
rehtoritärkeinpää-
glavnipoglavarravnateljravnatelj škole
fõszereplõ
aîalleikarihöfuîstóllmegin-skólastjóri
主な校長
교장우두머리주된
pagrindinė sumapagrindinio vaidmens atlikėjas
direktorsgalvenaispamatkapitālsrektorssvarīgākais
principal
hlavný herecistina
glavenpredstojnik
chefhuvud-rektor
ครูใหญ่ที่เป็นหลักปฏิบัติ
müdürtemelana parabaşbaş oyuncu
chínhhiệu trưởngngười đứng đầu

principal

[ˈprɪnsɪpəl]
A. ADJ
1. [reason, cause, source] → principal
our principal concern is the well-being of our childrennuestra mayor or principal preocupación es el bienestar de nuestros hijos
2. (Mus) → primero
3. (Fin) principal amountcapital m principal, principal m
B. N
1. [of school, college] → director(a) m/f (Univ) → rector(a) m/f
2. (Theat) → protagonista mf principal
3. (Mus) → primer(a) instrumentista mf
4. (Fin) → capital m, principal m
principal and interestel principal y los intereses
C. CPD principal boy N (Brit) (Theat) → joven héroe m (papel de actriz en la "pantomime" navideña)

principal

[ˈprɪnsɪpəl]
adj (= main) → principal(e) often before n
n
(= headmaster) → directeur/trice m/f, principal(e) m/f
(in play)rôle principal
(= money) → principal m

principal

adjHaupt-, hauptsächlich; the principal cities of Chinadie wichtigsten Städte Chinas; my principal concernmein Hauptanliegen nt; principal personHauptperson f; principal teacherRektor(in) m(f); principal horn in the Philharmonic Orchestraerster Hornist/erste Hornistin der Philharmoniker
n
(of school, college)Rektor(in) m(f); (in play) → Hauptperson f; (in duel) → Duellant m
(Fin, of investment) → Kapitalsumme f; (of debt)Kreditsumme f
(esp Jur: = client) → Klient(in) m(f), → Mandant(in) m(f)

principal

[ˈprɪnsɪpl]
1. adjprincipale
the principal violin → il primo violino
2. n
a. (of school, college) → preside m/f; (in play) → protagonista m/f; (in orchestra) → primo/a strumentista m/f
b. (Fin) → capitale m

principal

(ˈprinsəpəl) adjective
most important. Shipbuilding was one of Britain's principal industries.
noun
1. the head of a school, college or university.
2. a leading actor, singer or dancer in a theatrical production.
3. the amount of money in a bank etc on which interest is paid.
ˈprincipally adverb
mostly; chiefly. I am principally concerned with teaching English.
the principal (not principle) dancer.
principal (not principle) of the college.

principal

أَسَاسِيّ, رَئِيس, مُدِيرُ مَدْرَسَة hlavní, ředitel, rektor, vedoucí forstander, leder, skoleinspektør, vigtigst hauptsächlich, Leiter, Schulleiter διευθυντής σχολείου, επικεφαλής, κυριότερος director, director del colegio, jefe, principal rehtori, tärkein chef d’établissement, directeur, principal glavni, poglavar, ravnatelj, ravnatelj škole capo, direttore, preside, principale 主な, 校長, 長 교장, 우두머리, 주된 directeur, hoofd, schoolhoofd, voornaamste rektor, sjef, viktigst dyrektor szkoły, główny, szef, zwierzchnik director, diretor, diretor de colégio, principal главный, директор, директор школы chef, huvud-, rektor ครูใหญ่, ที่เป็นหลักปฏิบัติ baş, başöğretmen, müdür chính, hiệu trưởng, người đứng đầu 中小学校长, 主要的, 校长, 首脑

principal

a. principal, más importante.
References in classic literature ?
The smallness of the company made it necessary for the two principal actors to take several parts apiece, and they certainly deserved some credit for the hard work they did in learning three or four different parts, whisking in and out of various costumes, and managing the stage besides.
As he explained to his friends, they would take the steamer from New York to Puerto Cortes, one of the principal seaports of Honduras.
He only knew that he had first borrowed two hundred dollars, then another hundred, then fifty--that each time a bonus was added to the principal, and the debt grew faster than any crop he planted.
Numberless recent massacres were still vivid in their recollections; nor was there any ear in the provinces so deaf as not to have drunk in with avidity the narrative of some fearful tale of midnight murder, in which the natives of the forests were the principal and barbarous actors.
The generous usage the Indians had promised before in my capitulation, was afterwards fully complied with, and we proceeded with them as prisoners to old Chelicothe, the principal Indian town, on Little Miami, where we arrived, after an uncomfortable journey, in very severe weather, on the eighteenth day of February, and received as good treatment as prisoners could expect from savages.
The principal entrance, which had almost the breadth of a church-door, was in the angle between the two front gables, and was covered by an open porch, with benches beneath its shelter.
As this ancient lady had the renown (which subsequently cost her no less a price than her life) of being a principal actor in all the works of necromancy that were continually going forward, the crowd gave way before her, and seemed to fear the touch of her garment, as if it carried the plague among its gorgeous folds.
Old Captain Peleg, many years her chief-mate, before he commanded another vessel of his own, and now a retired seaman, and one of the principal owners of the Pequod, --this old Peleg, during the term of his chief-mateship, had built upon her original grotesqueness, and inlaid it, all over, with a quaintness both of material and device, unmatched by anything except it be Thorkill-Hake's carved buckler or bedstead.
We stopped at the principal hotel, which was in the market-place; it was a very large one; we drove under an archway into a long yard, at the further end of which were the stables and coachhouses.
Her principal thought was of fire, for she had deposited her money in bills, and was afraid that if they were burned up the bank would not give her any others.
There was no end of her various complaints; but her principal forte appeared to lie in sick-headache, which sometimes would confine her to her room three days out of six.
He occupied one window, and I the other; and I saw that if one stayed there long, his principal business would be to look out the window.

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