prison


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pris·on

 (prĭz′ən)
n.
1. A place for the confinement and punishment of persons convicted of crimes, especially felonies.
2. A state of imprisonment or captivity: years spent in prison.
3. A place or condition of confinement or restriction: felt his job had been a prison.
tr.v. pris·oned, pris·on·ing, pris·ons
To confine in or as if in a prison; imprison.

[Middle English, from Old French, alteration (influenced by Old French pris, taken) of Latin prēnsiō, prēnsiōn-, a seizing, from *prehēnsiō, from prehēnsus, past participle of prehendere, to seize; see ghend- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

prison

(ˈprɪzən)
n
1. (Law) a public building used to house convicted criminals and accused persons remanded in custody and awaiting trial. See also jail, penitentiary, reformatory
2. any place of confinement or seeming confinement
[C12: from Old French prisun, from Latin prēnsiō a capturing, from prehendere to lay hold of]

pris•on

(ˈprɪz ən)

n.
1. a building for the confinement of accused persons awaiting trial or persons sentenced after conviction.
2. any place of confinement or involuntary restraint.
3. imprisonment.
[before 1150; Middle English prison, earlier prisun < Old French, variant of preson imprisonment, a prison < Latin pre(hē)nsiōnem, acc. of prehēnsiō seizure; see prehension]

prison

1. used as a countable noun

A prison is a building where criminals or other people are kept and are not allowed to leave.

The prison housed almost 500 inmates.
The castle was used as a prison at one time.
2. used as an uncountable noun

Prison is used without an article when talking about the punishment of going to prison, without mentioning which particular prison. For example, you can say that someone is in prison, is sent to prison, or is released from prison.

They were threatened with prison if they did not pay.
It can be hard to find work after coming out of prison.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'the' in front of prison unless you are referring to a particular prison.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.prison - a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishmentprison - a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishment
bastille - a jail or prison (especially one that is run in a tyrannical manner)
cellblock, ward - a division of a prison (usually consisting of several cells)
chokey, choky - British slang (dated) for a prison
correctional institution - a penal institution maintained by the government
nick - (British slang) a prison; "he's in the nick"
panopticon - a circular prison with cells distributed around a central surveillance station; proposed by Jeremy Bentham in 1791
state prison - a prison maintained by a state of the U.S.
2.prison - a prisonlike situationprison - a prisonlike situation; a place of seeming confinement
situation, state of affairs - the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time; "the present international situation is dangerous"; "wondered how such a state of affairs had come about"; "eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation"- Franklin D.Roosevelt

prison

noun jail, confinement, can (slang), pound, nick (Brit. slang), stir (slang), cooler (slang), jug (slang), dungeon, clink (slang), glasshouse (Military informal), gaol, penitentiary (U.S.), slammer (slang), lockup, quod (slang), penal institution, calaboose (U.S. informal), choky (slang), poky or pokey (U.S. & Canad. slang) They released him from prison in 1990.
Quotations
"Prison is a second-by-second assault on the soul, a day-to-day degradation of the self" [Mumia Abu-Jamal Live From Death Row]
"Stone walls do not a prison make,"
"Nor iron bars a cage" [Richard Lovelace To Althea, from Prison]
"Prisons are built with stones of Law, brothels with bricks of Religion" [William Blake The Marriage of Heaven and Hell]

prison

noun
A place for the confinement of persons in lawful detention:
Informal: lockup, pen.
Chiefly Regional: calaboose.
Translations
حَبْسسِجْن
vězení
fængselfængslet
vankilavankeusvankeusrangaistus
zatvor
börtön
fangelsi
刑務所
교도소
carcer
karo belaisvis
cietums
zapor
fängelse
เรือนจำ
hapisanehapishane
nhà tù

prison

[ˈprɪzn]
A. N
1. (= place) → cárcel f, prisión f
to be in prisonestar en la cárcel, estar en prisión
to go to prison for five years (= be sentenced) → ser condenado a cinco años de cárcel or prisión; (= be imprisoned) → pasar cinco años en la cárcel or en prisión
to put sb in prisonencarcelar a algn
to release sb from prisonponer a algn en libertad, excarcelar a algn (frm)
to send sb to prison (= imprison) → encarcelar a algn
to send sb to prison for two years (= sentence) → condenar a algn a dos años de prisión
see also maximum A1
see also open E
2. (= imprisonment) → prisión f, cárcel f
are there alternatives to prison?¿existen alternativas a la prisión or cárcel?
B. CPD prison break Nfuga f (de la cárcel)
prison camp Ncampamento m para prisioneros
prison cell Ncelda f de la cárcel or prisión
prison governor Ndirector(a) m/f de (la) prisión
prison life Nvida f en la cárcel
prison officer Ncarcelero/a m/f
prison population Nnúmero m de reclusos
prison riot Nmotín m carcelario
prison sentence N (Brit) → condena f
see also serve A4 the prison service Nlos servicios penitenciarios
prison system Nsistema m penitenciario
prison term N (US) = prison sentence prison van Ncoche m celular
prison visitor Nvisitante mf de la prisión
prison warden N (US) = prison governor prison yard Npatio m de (la) cárcel

prison

[ˈprɪzən]
n
(= jail) → prison f
in prison → en prison
to be in prison → être en prison
to become a prison [relationship, situation] → devenir une prison
(= imprisonment) → prison f
Are there alternatives to prison? → Y a-t-il des alternatives à la prison?
modif [cell, governor] → de prison; [doctor, chaplain] → de la prison; [staff] → pénitentiaire; [reform, system] → pénitentiaire prison inmate, prison warderprison camp ncamp m de prisonniers

prison

n (lit, fig)Gefängnis nt; to be in prisonim Gefängnis sein or sitzen; to go to prison for 5 yearsfür or auf 5 Jahre ins Gefängnis gehen or wandern (inf); to send somebody to prisonjdn ins Gefängnis schicken, jdn zu einer Freiheitsstrafe verurteilen
attrGefängnis-

prison

:
prison bitch
n (US inf) to make somebody one’s prisonjdn zu seinem Sklaven/seiner Sklavin machen, jdn ausnutzen or für sich arbeiten lassen
prison breach, prison breaking
nGefängnisausbruch m, → Ausbruch maus dem Gefängnis
prison camp

prison

:
prison guard
prison life
ndas Leben im Gefängnis
prison officer
n (Brit) → Gefängniswärter(in) or -aufseher(in) m(f)
prison system
nStrafvollzugssystem nt
prison visitor
nGefangenenbetreuer(in) m(f)

prison

[ˈprɪzn]
1. nprigione f, carcere m
to be in prison → essere in prigione
to go to prison for 5 years → essere condannato/a a 5 anni di carcere or di reclusione
to send sb to prison for 2 years → condannare qn a 2 anni di reclusione
2. adj (system) → carcerario/a; (conditions, food) → nelle or delle prigioni

prison

(ˈprizn) noun
a building in which criminals are kept; a jail. He was sent to prison; He is in prison.
ˈprisoner noun
anyone who has been captured and is held against his will as a criminal, in a war etc. The prisoners escaped from jail.
prisoner of warplural prisoners of war
– a member of the armed forces captured in a war.
take/keep/hold prisoner
to (capture and) confine (a person) against his will. Many soldiers were killed and the rest taken prisoner; She was kept prisoner in a locked room.

prison

حَبْس vězení fængsel Gefängnis φυλακή prisión vankila prison zatvor prigione 刑務所 교도소 gevangenis fengsel więzienie prisão тюрьма fängelse เรือนจำ hapishane nhà tù 监狱

prison

n prisión f, cárcel f
References in classic literature ?
and pity from your heart those who have no such guardians to hedge them round with principles which may seem like prison walls to impatient youth, but which will prove sure foundations to build character upon in womanhood.
The carpenter had once been a prisoner in Andersonville prison and had lost a brother.
Their home from the outside looked like a prison, with iron bars before the door and lower windows.
Four or five of the latter only lingered about the door of the prison of Uncas, wary by close observers of the manner of their captive.
At that rate, keeping Spear out of prison would cost a thousand dollars.
Then his face darkened, as if the shadow of a cavern or a dungeon had come over it; there was no more light in its expression than might have come through the iron grates of a prison window-still lessening, too, as if he were sinking farther into the depths.
The founders of a new colony, whatever Utopia of human virtue and happiness they might originally project, have invariably recognised it among their earliest practical necessities to allot a portion of the virgin soil as a cemetery, and another portion as the site of a prison.
The appearance was full upon us that I had already had to deal with here: Peter Quint had come into view like a sentinel before a prison.
But observe his prayer, and so many white bolts, upon his prison.
A vile wind that has no doubt blown ere this through prison corridors and cells, and wards of hospitals, and ventilated them, and now comes blowing hither as innocent as fleeces.
We heard afterward that he had given his evidence so clearly, and the horses were in such an exhausted state, bearing marks of such brutal usage, that the carter was committed to take his trial, and might possibly be sentenced to two or three months in prison.
What was any tyranny of prison compared with the tyranny of the past, of the thing that had happened and could not be recalled, of the memory that could never be effaced