Processes


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proc·ess 1

 (prŏs′ĕs′, prō′sĕs′)
n. pl. proc·ess·es (prŏs′ĕs′ĭz, prō′sĕs′-, prŏs′ĭ-sēz′, prō′sĭ-)
1. A series of actions, changes, or functions bringing about a result: the process of digestion; the process of obtaining a driver's license.
2. A series of operations performed in the making or treatment of a product: a manufacturing process; leather dyed during the tanning process.
3. Progress; passage: the process of time; events now in process.
4. Law
a. The use of the law courts and other fora as a means of seeking redress: the adversarial process; due process of law.
b. The set of actions and events that constitute a legal proceeding or a significant portion thereof: the trial process; the sentencing process.
5. Law A means of compelling a person to appear in court, especially a summons ordering a defendant to appear in court.
6. Biology An outgrowth of tissue; a projecting part: a bony process.
7. Any of various photomechanical or photoengraving methods.
8. Computers
a. A running software program or other computing operation.
b. A part of a running software program or other computing operation that does a single task.
9. See conk3.
tr.v. proc·essed, proc·ess·ing, proc·ess·es
1. To put through the steps of a prescribed procedure: processing newly arrived immigrants; process an order.
2. To prepare, treat, or convert by subjecting to a special process: process ore to obtain minerals.
3. Computers To perform operations on (data).
4. To gain an understanding or acceptance of; come to terms with: processed the traumatic event in therapy.
5. To straighten (hair) by a chemical process; conk.
adj.
1. Prepared or converted by a special process: process cheese.
2. Made by or used in any of several photomechanical or photoengraving processes: a process print.

[Middle English proces, from Old French, development, from Latin prōcessus, from past participle of prōcēdere, to advance; see proceed.]
Usage Note: In recent decades there has been a tendency to pronounce the plural ending -es of processes as (-ēz), perhaps by analogy with words of Greek origin such as analysis and diagnosis. But process is not of Greek origin, and there is no etymological justification for this pronunciation of its plural. However, because this pronunciation is not uncommon even in educated speech, it is generally considered an acceptable variant, although it still strikes some listeners as a bungled affectation. · Although the pronunciation for process with a long (o), (prō′sĕs′), is more usual in British and Canadian English, it is an acceptable variant in American English.

pro·cess 2

 (prə-sĕs′)
intr.v. pro·cessed, pro·cess·ing, pro·cess·es
To move along in a procession: "The man in the panama hat offered his arm and ... they processed into the dining room" (Anita Brookner).

[Back-formation from procession.]

Processes

See also fermentation.

1. the process of boiling a substance in water to extract its essence.
2. the essence so produced.
the process of stripping off or removing the cortex or outer layer.
1. the process of melting away or becoming moist from absorbing moisture from the air.
2. the liquid substance so formed. Cf. efflorescence. — deliquescent, adj.
the process of pulling up by the roots; eradication.
the process of removing scum or despumating; figuratively, clarification.
the peeling off of the skin in scales.
the process of dividing in half; the state of being halved.
the process of sweetening or removing the acid or other impurities from a substance.
1. the process of drying out from evaporation.
2. the substance so formed. Cf. deliquescence. See also water. — efflorescent, adj.
removal of soluble matter from a substance to be refined by washing it in water.
the process of elutriating, or purification by washing and straining.
Rare. the process of removing moss.
(in osmosis) the more rapid spread of the less dense fluid through the membrane to join with the more dense. Cf. exosmosis. — endosmotic, adj.
1. the process of extraction, as removing the kernel from a nut.
2. a process of clarification. Cf. exacination. — enucleator, n.
1. the process of vanishing or fading away.
2. the condition of being transitory.
Rare. the process of removing a kernel, as from a nut. Cf. enucleation.
the process of removing the skin or outer layer; flaying. See also skin.
(in osmosis) the slower spread of the more dense fluid through the membrane to merge with the less dense. Cf. endosmosis. — exosmotic, adj.
1. the process of extirpating or destroying totally, as by tearing up the roots.
2. the condition of being totally destroyed.
the explosion that occurs when certain chemicals are detonated.
1. the process of hardening or being hardened.
2. a hardened mass. — indurative, adj.
the process of rendering a liquid thicker by evaporation. — inspissant, n. — inspissate, adj.
Obsolete, the restoration of something to its former condition; renewal or repair. — instaurator, n.
the process of coming apart, especially falling into ruin or decay.
the process of becoming milky or the state of being milky. See also milk. — lactescent, adj.
the process of turning to stone. Also called petrifaction, petrification.
1. the process of grinding to a fine powder.
2. the process of mixing thoroughly or grinding to a smooth paste. — levigate, adj.
the process of rising or being raised in the air.
the process of leaching alkaline salts from ashes by pouring water on them. — lixivial, — lixivious, adj.
a process for preserving substances such as blood or serum by freeze-drying in a high vacuum.
the act or process of softening or separating by soaking or steeping.
the property of acting as a fixative in dyeing. — mordant, n. , adj.
the process by which fluids pass through a semipermeable membrane into a solution of lower concentration to equalize the concentration on both sides of the membrane. — osmotic, adj.
a thorough search; a diligent and detailed inquiry.
Iapidification.
1. the state or process of rotting or putrefying.
2. rotting or putrefying matter. — putrescent, adj.
Rare. the act or process of shaking or being shaken.
the process of renewal or rebirth. — recrudescent, adj.
the act or process of renewal or rebirth.
the process of giving of sparks or flashes, used of wit or humor and of the twinkling of the stars.
the process of reducing to slag, scoria, or dross, as in the refining of metals.
References in classic literature ?
He therefore still kept up a familiar intercourse with him, daily receiving he old physician in his study, or visiting the laboratory, and, for recreation's sake, watching the processes by which weeds were converted into drugs of potency.
The chutes into which the hogs went climbed high up--to the very top of the distant buildings; and Jokubas explained that the hogs went up by the power of their own legs, and then their weight carried them back through all the processes necessary to make them into pork.
He said it was an impressive thing to observe two men, who had been cured by the two processes, engaged in conversation--said their pauses and accompanying movements were so continuous and regular that a stranger would think himself in the presence of a couple of automatic machines.
You who read may be well advanced in years, you may be gifted in rhetoric, ingenious in argument; but even you might quail at the thought of explaining the tortuous mental processes that led you into throwing your beloved pink parasol into Miranda Sawyer's well.
The artists are sticking to the old barbarous, difficult, and imperfect processes of etching and portrait painting merely to keep up the value of their monopoly of the required skill.
My mind is evidently so constituted that I am subconsciously forced into the path of duty without recourse to tiresome mental processes.
And I shall have to tell you later that even the processes of putrefaction and decay had been profoundly affected by these changes.
The digestive processes and their reaction upon the nervous system sap our strength and colour our minds.
Its com- plexities and powers, its grim processes, fascinated him.
For if a country beauty in clumsy shoes be only shallow-hearted enough, it is astonishing how closely her mental processes may resemble those of a lady in society and crinoline, who applies her refined intellect to the problem of committing indiscretions without compromising herself.
Newman had never reflected upon philological processes.
The Celt in all his variants from Builth to Ballyhoo, His mental processes are plain--one knows what he will do, And can logically predicate his finish by his start: But the English--ah, the English

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