profane


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to profane: Sacred and profane

pro·fane

 (prō-fān′, prə-)
adj.
1. Marked by contempt or irreverence for what is sacred.
2. Nonreligious in subject matter, form, or use; secular: sacred and profane music.
3. Not admitted into a body of secret knowledge or ritual; uninitiated.
4. Vulgar; coarse.
tr.v. pro·faned, pro·fan·ing, pro·fanes
1. To treat with irreverence: profane the name of God.
2. To put to an improper, unworthy, or degrading use; abuse.

[Middle English prophane, from Old French, from Latin profānus, from prō fānō, in front of the temple : prō-, before, outside; see pro-1 + fānō, ablative of fānum, temple; see dhēs- in Indo-European roots.]

pro·fan′a·to′ry (prō-făn′ə-tôr′ē, prə-) adj.
pro·fane′ly adv.
pro·fan′er n.

profane

(prəˈfeɪn)
adj
1. having or indicating contempt, irreverence, or disrespect for a divinity or something sacred
2. (Ecclesiastical Terms) not designed or used for religious purposes; secular
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) not initiated into the inner mysteries or sacred rites
4. vulgar, coarse, or blasphemous: profane language.
vb (tr)
5. to treat or use (something sacred) with irreverence
6. to put to an unworthy or improper use
[C15: from Latin profānus outside the temple, from pro-1 + fānum temple]
profanation n
profanatory adj
proˈfanely adv
proˈfaneness n
proˈfaner n

pro•fane

(prəˈfeɪn, proʊ-)

adj., v. -faned, -fan•ing. adj.
1. showing irreverence toward God or sacred things; irreligious; blasphemous.
2. not devoted to holy purposes; secular (opposed to sacred).
3. unholy; heathen; pagan: profane rites.
4. not initiated into religious rites or mysteries.
5. coarse or vulgar.
v.t.
6. to misuse (anything sacred or holy); defile; debase.
[1350–1400; (adj.) Middle English < Latin profānus secular, sacrilegious]
pro•fane′ly, adv.

profane


Past participle: profaned
Gerund: profaning

Imperative
profane
profane
Present
I profane
you profane
he/she/it profanes
we profane
you profane
they profane
Preterite
I profaned
you profaned
he/she/it profaned
we profaned
you profaned
they profaned
Present Continuous
I am profaning
you are profaning
he/she/it is profaning
we are profaning
you are profaning
they are profaning
Present Perfect
I have profaned
you have profaned
he/she/it has profaned
we have profaned
you have profaned
they have profaned
Past Continuous
I was profaning
you were profaning
he/she/it was profaning
we were profaning
you were profaning
they were profaning
Past Perfect
I had profaned
you had profaned
he/she/it had profaned
we had profaned
you had profaned
they had profaned
Future
I will profane
you will profane
he/she/it will profane
we will profane
you will profane
they will profane
Future Perfect
I will have profaned
you will have profaned
he/she/it will have profaned
we will have profaned
you will have profaned
they will have profaned
Future Continuous
I will be profaning
you will be profaning
he/she/it will be profaning
we will be profaning
you will be profaning
they will be profaning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been profaning
you have been profaning
he/she/it has been profaning
we have been profaning
you have been profaning
they have been profaning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been profaning
you will have been profaning
he/she/it will have been profaning
we will have been profaning
you will have been profaning
they will have been profaning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been profaning
you had been profaning
he/she/it had been profaning
we had been profaning
you had been profaning
they had been profaning
Conditional
I would profane
you would profane
he/she/it would profane
we would profane
you would profane
they would profane
Past Conditional
I would have profaned
you would have profaned
he/she/it would have profaned
we would have profaned
you would have profaned
they would have profaned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.profane - corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality; "debauch the young people with wine and women"; "Socrates was accused of corrupting young men"; "Do school counselors subvert young children?"; "corrupt the morals"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
carnalise, sensualise, sensualize, carnalize - debase through carnal gratification
infect - corrupt with ideas or an ideology; "society was infected by racism"
lead astray, lead off - teach immoral behavior to; "It was common practice to lead off the young ones, and teach them bad habits"
poison - spoil as if by poison; "poison someone's mind"; "poison the atmosphere in the office"
bastardise, bastardize - change something so that its value declines; for example, art forms
suborn - incite to commit a crime or an evil deed; "He suborned his butler to cover up the murder of his wife"
2.profane - violate the sacred character of a place or language; "desecrate a cemetery"; "violate the sanctity of the church"; "profane the name of God"
assail, assault, set on, attack - attack someone physically or emotionally; "The mugger assaulted the woman"; "Nightmares assailed him regularly"
Adj.1.profane - characterized by profanity or cursingprofane - characterized by profanity or cursing; "foul-mouthed and blasphemous"; "blue language"; "profane words"
dirty - (of behavior or especially language) characterized by obscenity or indecency; "dirty words"; "a dirty old man"; "dirty books and movies"; "boys telling dirty jokes"; "has a dirty mouth"
2.profane - not concerned with or devoted to religion; "sacred and profane music"; "secular drama"; "secular architecture", "children being brought up in an entirely profane environment"
earthly - of or belonging to or characteristic of this earth as distinguished from heaven; "earthly beings"; "believed that our earthly life is all that matters"; "earthly love"; "our earthly home"
impious - lacking piety or reverence for a god
worldly, secular, temporal - characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world; "worldly goods and advancement"; "temporal possessions of the church"
sacred - concerned with religion or religious purposes; "sacred texts"; "sacred rites"; "sacred music"
3.profane - not holy because unconsecrated or impure or defiledprofane - not holy because unconsecrated or impure or defiled
unhallowed, unholy - not hallowed or consecrated
4.profane - grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred; "blasphemous rites of a witches' Sabbath"; "profane utterances against the Church"; "it is sacrilegious to enter with shoes on"
irreverent - showing lack of due respect or veneration; "irreverent scholars mocking sacred things"; "noisy irreverent tourists"

profane

adjective
2. crude, foul, obscene, abusive, coarse, filthy, vulgar, blasphemous a campaign against suggestive and profane lyrics in country songs
3. secular, lay, temporal, unholy, worldly, unconsecrated, unhallowed, unsanctified Churches should not be used for profane or secular purposes.
verb
1. desecrate, violate, abuse, prostitute, contaminate, pollute, pervert, misuse, debase, defile, vitiate, commit sacrilege They have profaned the traditions of the Church.

profane

adjective
1. Showing irreverence and contempt for something sacred:
2. Not religious in subject matter, form, or use:
3. Offensive to accepted standards of decency:
Slang: raunchy.
verb
To spoil or mar the sanctity of:
Translations

profane

[prəˈfeɪn]
A. ADJ
1. (= secular) → profano
2. (= irreverent) [person, language] → blasfemo
B. VTprofanar

profane

[prəˈfeɪn] adj
(= obscene) → profane
profane language → obscénités fpl
(= lay, secular) → profane

profane

adj
(= irreverent, sacrilegious)(gottes)lästerlich; don’t be profanelästere nicht; to use profane languagegotteslästerlich fluchen, lästern; a profane expressioneine Gotteslästerung
(= secular)weltlich, profan

profane

[prəˈfeɪn]
1. adj
a. (secular) → profano/a
b. (irreverent) → irriverente; (language) → sacrilego/a
2. vtprofanare
References in classic literature ?
There was a sort of poetic justice about it, after all, for the old lady had been the terror of the boys for miles around, and now the exiles feasted freely on forbidden plums, kicked up the gravel with profane boots unreproved, and played cricket in the big field where the irritable
I apprehend that he is rather addicted to profane song.
Nay; it would be sinful, in such a question, to follow the clue of profane philosophy," said Mr.
As if long habituated to such profane talk from his old shipmate, Bildad, without noticing his present irreverence, quietly looked up, and seeing me, glanced again inquiringly towards Peleg.
His conversation was in free and easy defiance of Murray's Grammar,[1] and was garnished at convenient intervals with various profane expressions, which not even the desire to be graphic in our account shall induce us to transcribe.
Men and women, boys and girls, trotted along beside or after the cart, hooting, shouting profane and ribald remarks, singing snatches of foul song, skipping, dancing -- a very holiday of hellions, a sickening sight.
At the end of this profane and cordial explosion he fetched a prodigious "WHOOSH
The Milltown trip had not been without its tragic consequences of a small sort; for the next week Minnie Smellie's mother told Miranda Sawyer that she'd better look after Rebecca, for she was given to "swearing and profane language;" that she had been heard saying something dreadful that very afternoon, saying it before Emma Jane and Living Perkins, who only laughed and got down on all fours and chased her.
Plummer was a miserable drunkard, a profane swearer, and a savage monster.
Upon which, Janet came running up the stairs as if the house were in flames, darted out on a little piece of green in front, and warned off two saddle-donkeys, lady-ridden, that had presumed to set hoof upon it; while my aunt, rushing out of the house, seized the bridle of a third animal laden with a bestriding child, turned him, led him forth from those sacred precincts, and boxed the ears of the unlucky urchin in attendance who had dared to profane that hallowed ground.
Miss Nancy, indeed, had never been to any school higher than Dame Tedman's: her acquaintance with profane literature hardly went beyond the rhymes she had worked in her large sampler under the lamb and the shepherdess; and in order to balance an account, she was obliged to effect her subtraction by removing visible metallic shillings and sixpences from a visible metallic total.
To which I would add, for the benefit of the profane, that I sought in vain for those broken bottles.