promise

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prom·ise

 (prŏm′ĭs)
n.
1.
a. A declaration assuring that one will or will not do something; a vow.
b. Something promised.
2. Indication of something favorable to come; expectation: a promise of spring in the air.
3. Indication of future excellence or success: a player of great promise.
v. prom·ised, prom·is·ing, prom·is·es
v.tr.
1. To commit oneself by a promise to do or give; pledge: left but promised to return.
2. To afford a basis for expecting: thunderclouds that promise rain.
v.intr.
1. To make a declaration assuring that something will or will not be done.
2. To afford a basis for expectation: an enterprise that promises well.

[Middle English promis, from Old French promise, from Medieval Latin prōmissa, alteration of Latin prōmissum, from neuter past participle of prōmittere, to send forth, promise : prō-, forth; see pro-1 + mittere, to send.]

prom′is·er n.
Synonyms: promise, pledge, swear, vow1
These verbs mean to declare solemnly that one will follow a particular course of action: promises to write soon; pledged to uphold the law; swore to get revenge; vowed to fight to the finish.

promise

(ˈprɒmɪs)
vb
1. (often foll by: to; when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to give an assurance of (something to someone); undertake (to do something) in the future: I promise that I will come.
2. (tr) to undertake to give (something to someone): he promised me a car for my birthday.
3. (when tr, takes an infinitive) to cause one to expect that in the future one is likely (to be or do something): she promises to be a fine soprano.
4. (usually passive) to engage to be married; betroth: I'm promised to Bill.
5. (tr) to assure (someone) of the authenticity or inevitability of something (often in the parenthetic phrase I promise you, used to emphasize a statement): there'll be trouble, I promise you.
n
6. an undertaking or assurance given by one person to another agreeing or guaranteeing to do or give something, or not to do or give something, in the future
7. indication of forthcoming excellence or goodness: a writer showing considerable promise.
8. the thing of which an assurance is given
[C14: from Latin prōmissum a promise, from prōmittere to send forth]
ˈpromiser n

prom•ise

(ˈprɒm ɪs)

n., v. -ised, -is•ing. n.
1. a declaration that something will or will not be done, given, etc: He kept his promise to write regularly.
2. indication of future excellence or achievement: a writer who shows promise.
3. something that is promised.
v.t.
4. to pledge or undertake by promise (usu. with an infinitive or a clause as object): She promised to visit us.
5. to make a promise of (some specified act, gift, etc.): to promise help.
6. to afford ground for expecting: The sky promises a storm.
7. to engage to join in marriage.
8. to assure (used in emphatic declarations): I won't go there again, I promise you!
v.i.
9. to make a promise.
10. to afford ground for expectation (often fol. by well or fair).
[1375–1425; late Middle English promis(se) < Medieval Latin prōmissa, for Latin prōmissum, n. use of neuter past participle of prōmittere to send forth, promise =prō- pro-1 + mittere to send]
prom′is•er, n.

promise

  • devout, devote - Devout and devote come from Latin de- and vovere, "promise."
  • fiance - French for "a promise."
  • gage - In "engage," it means "pledge, promise."
  • promise - Latin promittere originally meant "send forth," but evolved to mean "say in advance, foretell," and then "cause to expect," hence, promise.

Promise

 of tapsters: barmen collectively.

Promise

 

See Also: RELIABILITY/UNRELIABILITY

  1. He promises like a merchant-man and pays like a man-of-war —Italian proverb
  2. His promises are lighter than the breath that utters them —John Ray’s Proverbs
  3. Lovers’ oaths are thin as rain —Dorothy Parker
  4. A pledge unpaid is like thunder without rain —Abraham Hasdai
  5. Promise as solid as a bundle of water —Hindu proverb

    Modernized to non-sexist English from “A woman’s word is like a bundle of water.”

  6. Promises are like pie-crusts —Danish proverb
  7. The promises of authors are like the vows of lovers —Samuel Johnson

    See Also: WRITERS/WRITING

  8. When a man takes an oath, he’s holding his own self in his own hands. Like water. And if he opens his fingers then, he needn’t hope to find himself again —Robert Bolt

promise


Past participle: promised
Gerund: promising

Imperative
promise
promise
Present
I promise
you promise
he/she/it promises
we promise
you promise
they promise
Preterite
I promised
you promised
he/she/it promised
we promised
you promised
they promised
Present Continuous
I am promising
you are promising
he/she/it is promising
we are promising
you are promising
they are promising
Present Perfect
I have promised
you have promised
he/she/it has promised
we have promised
you have promised
they have promised
Past Continuous
I was promising
you were promising
he/she/it was promising
we were promising
you were promising
they were promising
Past Perfect
I had promised
you had promised
he/she/it had promised
we had promised
you had promised
they had promised
Future
I will promise
you will promise
he/she/it will promise
we will promise
you will promise
they will promise
Future Perfect
I will have promised
you will have promised
he/she/it will have promised
we will have promised
you will have promised
they will have promised
Future Continuous
I will be promising
you will be promising
he/she/it will be promising
we will be promising
you will be promising
they will be promising
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been promising
you have been promising
he/she/it has been promising
we have been promising
you have been promising
they have been promising
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been promising
you will have been promising
he/she/it will have been promising
we will have been promising
you will have been promising
they will have been promising
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been promising
you had been promising
he/she/it had been promising
we had been promising
you had been promising
they had been promising
Conditional
I would promise
you would promise
he/she/it would promise
we would promise
you would promise
they would promise
Past Conditional
I would have promised
you would have promised
he/she/it would have promised
we would have promised
you would have promised
they would have promised
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.promise - a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the futurepromise - a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
dedication, commitment - a message that makes a pledge
speech act - the use of language to perform some act
oath - a solemn promise, usually invoking a divine witness, regarding your future acts or behavior; "they took an oath of allegiance"
parole, word of honor, word - a promise; "he gave his word"
betrothal, troth, engagement - a mutual promise to marry
pinning - a mutual promise of a couple not to date anyone else; on college campuses it was once signaled by the giving of a fraternity pin
rain check - a promise that an unaccepted offer will be renewed in the future
2.promise - grounds for feeling hopeful about the future; "there is little or no promise that he will recover"
expectation, outlook, prospect - belief about (or mental picture of) the future
rainbow - an illusory hope; "chasing rainbows"
Verb1.promise - make a promise or commitmentpromise - make a promise or commitment  
pledge, plight - promise solemnly and formally; "I pledge that I will honor my wife"
swear off - promise to abstain from; "I have sworn off cigarettes altogether"
contract, undertake - enter into a contractual arrangement
guarantee, undertake - promise to do or accomplish; "guarantee to free the prisoners"
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
2.promise - promise to undertake or give; "I promise you my best effort"
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
3.promise - make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome of an election"
read - interpret the significance of, as of palms, tea leaves, intestines, the sky; also of human behavior; "She read the sky and predicted rain"; "I can't read his strange behavior"; "The fortune teller read his fate in the crystal ball"
hazard, guess, venture, pretend - put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation; "I am guessing that the price of real estate will rise again"; "I cannot pretend to say that you are wrong"
outguess, second-guess - attempt to anticipate or predict
augur - predict from an omen
bet, wager - maintain with or as if with a bet; "I bet she will be there!"
forecast, calculate - predict in advance
prophesy, vaticinate - predict or reveal through, or as if through, divine inspiration
4.promise - give grounds for expectations; "The new results were promising"; "The results promised fame and glory"
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"

promise

verb
1. guarantee, pledge, vow, swear, contract, assure, undertake, warrant, plight, stipulate, vouch, take an oath, give an undertaking to, cross your heart, give your word They promised they would deliver it on Friday.
2. seem likely, look like, hint at, show signs of, bespeak, augur, betoken, lead you to expect, hold out hopes of, give hope of, bid fair, hold a probability of The seminar promises to be most instructive.
noun
1. guarantee, word, bond, vow, commitment, pledge, undertaking, assurance, engagement, compact, oath, covenant, word of honour If you make a promise, you should keep it.
2. potential, ability, talent, capacity, capability, flair, aptitude He first showed promise as an athlete in grade school.
Quotations
"We promise according to our hopes, and perform according to our fears" [La Rochefoucauld Maxims]
"Promises and pie-crust are made to be broken" [Jonathan Swift Polite Conversation]

promise

noun
A declaration that one will or will not do a certain thing:
verb
1. To assume an obligation:
2. To guarantee by a solemn promise:
Idiom: give one's word of honor.
Translations
أوعدتعهدوعدوَعَدَوَعْد
promesaprometre
slibslíbitslibovatpříslib
løfteloveforventning
lupausluvata
obećanjeobećati
ígérígéretígérkezik
lofaloforîstrengja heitfyrirheit
約束する約束
약속약속하다
daug žadantisperspektyvusteikti vilčiųžadėti
apsolītdot izredzesizredzesperspektīvasolījums
promisiunepromite
prísľub
obljubaobljubitiprelomiti obljubodržati obljubo
löftelova
คำมั่นสัญญาสัญญา
sözsöz vermeksözü vermekümitümit vermek
hứalời hứa

promise

[ˈprɒmɪs]
A. N
1. (= pledge) → promesa f
a promise is a promiselo prometido es deuda
promises, promises! (iro) → ¡mucho prometer y poco hacer!
is that a promise?¿me lo prometes?
to break one's promiseno cumplir su promesa, faltar a su promesa
to hold or keep sb to his promiseobligar a algn a cumplir su promesa, hacer que algn cumpla su promesa
to keep a/one's promisecumplir una/su promesa
to make (sb) a promisehacer una promesa (a algn)
I made him a promise that I'd come and visit himle hice la promesa de que or le prometí que vendría a visitarlo
I might do it but I'm not making any promisespuede que lo haga, pero no prometo nada
promise of marriagepalabra f de matrimonio
to release sb from his promiseabsolver a algn de su promesa
the party has received many promises of supportal partido se le ha prometido mucho apoyo
see also lick B
2. (= hope, prospect)
full of promisemuy prometedor
she fulfilled or lived up to the promise she'd shown in the '84 Olympicsdemostró estar a la altura de lo que prometía en las Olimpiadas del 84
America held (out) the promise of a new lifeAmérica representaba la promesa de una nueva vida, América daba esperanzas de una nueva vida
a young man of promiseun joven que promete
she showed considerable promise as a pianistprometía mucho como pianista
B. VT
1. (= pledge) → prometer
the promised aid had not been sentno se había enviado la ayuda prometida
to promise (sb) thatprometer (a algn) que
I promised that I'd goprometí que iría
promise me you won't tell herprométeme que no se lo dirás
to promise (sb) to do sthprometer (a algn) hacer algo
you must promise me to do as I saytienes que prometerme que harás lo que yo te diga
he promised faithfully to return itdio su palabra de que lo devolvería
I promised myself I would go and visit herme prometí que iría a visitarla
buy that new dress you've been promising yourselfcómprate ese nuevo vestido que te habías hecho el propósito de comprarte
she telephoned, as promisedllamó, tal y como había prometido
to promise sb sth; promise sth to sbprometer dar algo a algn
to promise sb the earth or the moonprometer el oro y el moro a algn
the Promised Landla Tierra Prometida
2. (= forecast, augur) → augurar
their policies promise little for the futuresu política no augura un futuro muy prometedor
those clouds promise rainesas nubes amenazan lluvia
it promises to be hot todayel día se presenta caluroso
the debate promises to be livelyel debate se presenta animado
3. (= assure) → prometer, jurar
there's no-one here, I promise youno hay nadie aquí, te lo prometo or juro
C. VI
1. (= pledge) → prometer
"(do you) promise?" - "all right, I promise"-¿lo prometes? -bueno, lo prometo
I can't promise but I'll tryno te prometo nada, pero haré lo que pueda
"I can't make it" - "but you promised!"-no puedo -¡pero lo habías prometido!
2. (= augur)
to promise well such a good beginning promises well for the futureun principio tan bueno resulta muy prometedor or augura un buen futuro

promise

[ˈprɒmɪs]
n
(= undertaking) → promesse f
a promise to do sth → une promesse de faire qch
to make a promise → faire une promesse
to make sb a promise → faire une promesse à qn
He made me a promise → Il m'a fait une promesse.
to make a promise to do sth → promettre de faire qch
to break a promise → manquer à sa promesse
to keep one's promise → tenir sa promesse
that's a promise! → c'est promis!
to live up to its promise (= match expectations) → se montrer à la hauteur des attentes
(= potential) a student of great promise → un étudiant très prometteur, un étudiant plein de promesses
a young man of promise → un jeune homme plein de promesses
to show promise → montrer des dispositions
When she was young, she showed great promise as a tennis player → Lorsqu'elle était jeune, elle montrait de remarquables dispositions pour le tennis.
to be full of promise → être plein(e) de promesses
vtpromettre
to promise sth to sb, to promise sb sth → promettre qch à qn
to promise (that) ... → promettre que ...
to promise sb (that) ... → promettre à qn que ...
He promised his mother that he would write → Il a promis à sa mère qu'il écrirait.
promise me you won't be ... → promets-moi de ne pas être ...
Promise me you won't be late → Promets-moi de ne pas être en retard.
Promise me you will not waste your time → Promets-moi de ne pas perdre ton temps.
vi
(= give one's word) → promettre
I'll write, I promise! → J'écrirai, c'est promis!, J'écrirai, je le promets!
to promise to do sth → promettre de faire qch
She promised to write → Elle a promis d'écrire.
to promise to be sth (= seem likely) → promettre d'être qch
It promises to be lively → Cela promet d'être animé.
to promise well → promettrepromised land nterre f promise

promise

n
(= pledge)Versprechen nt; their promise of helpihr Versprechen zu helfen; promise of marriageEheversprechen nt; under promise of (form)mit dem Versprechen (+gen); is that a promise?ganz bestimmt?; to make somebody a promisejdm ein Versprechen geben or machen; make me one promiseversprich mir eins; I’m not making any promisesversprechen kann ich nichts; to hold or keep somebody to his promisejdn an sein Versprechen binden; promises, promises!Versprechen, nichts als Versprechen!
(= hope, prospect)Hoffnung f, → Aussicht f; a young woman of promiseeine vielversprechende junge Frau; to hold out a or the promise of something to somebodyjdm Hoffnungen auf etw (acc)machen; to show promisezu den besten Hoffnungen berechtigen; she had a promise of passion in her eyesihre Augen verrieten Leidenschaft
vt (= pledge)versprechen; (= forecast, augur)hindeuten auf (+acc); to promise (somebody) to do something(jdm) versprechen, etw zu tun; to promise somebody something, to promise something to somebodyjdm etw versprechen; to promise somebody the earthjdm das Blaue vom Himmel herunter versprechen; promise me one thingversprich mir eins; to be promised to somebody (dated)jdm versprochen sein (old); I’m not promising anything but …ich will nichts versprechen, aber …; I won’t do it again, I promise youich werde es nie wieder tun, das verspreche ich Ihnen; you’ll regret this, I promise youich verspreche dir, das wirst du bereuen; this promises troubledas sieht nach Ärger aus; this promises better things to comedas lässt auf Besseres hoffen; it promised to be another scorching dayder Tag versprach wieder heiß zu werden; the Promised Land (Bibl, fig) → das Gelobte Land
vi
(= pledge)versprechen; (do you) promise?versprichst du es?; promise! (= will you promise)versprichs mir, ehrlich?; (= I promise)ehrlich!; I’ll try, but I’m not promisingich werde es versuchen, aber ich kann nichts versprechen; but you promised!aber du hast es doch versprochen!
to promise wellvielversprechend sein
vr to promise oneself somethingsich (dat)etw versprechen; I’ve promised myself never to do it againich habe mir geschworen, dass ich das nicht noch einmal mache

promise

[ˈprɒmɪs]
1. npromessa
to make sb a promise → fare una promessa a qn
to keep one's promise → mantenere la propria promessa
a young man of promise → un giovane promettente
to show promise → promettere bene
2. vtpromettere
to promise (sb) to do sth → promettere (a qn) di fare qc
to promise sb sth, to promise sth to sb → promettere qc a qn
to promise sb the earth or the moon (fig) → promettere a qn mari e monti
to promise o.s. sth → promettere a se stesso/a qc
3. vi I can't promise, but ...non te (or ve ) lo prometto, ma...
to promise well → promettere bene

promise

(ˈpromis) verb
1. to say, or give one's word (that one will, or will not, do something etc). I promise (that) I won't be late; I promise not to be late; I won't be late, I promise (you)!
2. to say or give one's assurance that one will give. He promised me a new dress.
3. to show signs of future events or developments. This situation promises well for the future.
noun
1. something promised. He made a promise; I'll go with you – that's a promise!
2. a sign of future success. She shows great promise in her work.
ˈpromising adjective
showing promise; likely to be good. She's a promising pianist; Her work is promising.

promise

وَعَدَ, يُوعِد slib, slíbit løfte, love Versprechen υπόσχεση, υπόσχομαι promesa, prometer lupaus, luvata promesse, promettre obećanje, obećati promessa, promettere 約束, 約束する 약속, 약속하다 belofte, beloven løfte, love obiecać, obietnica promessa, prometer обещание, обещать löfte, lova คำมั่นสัญญา, สัญญา söz, söz vermek hứa, lời hứa 允诺, 许诺

promise

n. promesa;
v. prometer, dar la palabra.
References in classic literature ?
March gave the mother tea and gruel, and comforted her with promises of help, while she dressed the little baby as tenderly as if it had been her own.
He recalled the promises to the widow and the fatherless, and asked God to smooth the way before this widow and her children, and to `incline the hearts of men to deal justly with her.
Yet there were other days when she listened, was led on and deceived by fresh promises which her youth held out to her.
But, happily, we have fallen in with a hunter, he whom you hear talking to the singer, that is acquainted with the deerpaths and by-ways of the woods, and who promises to lead us to a place where we may rest securely till the morning.
The five impulsive millionaires of Devil's Ford fulfilled not a few of their most extravagant promises.
There had been, this evening, after the revelation left me, for an hour, so prostrate--there had been, for either of us, no attendance on any service but a little service of tears and vows, of prayers and promises, a climax to the series of mutual challenges and pledges that had straightway ensued on our retreating together to the schoolroom and shutting ourselves up there to have everything out.
The place is more than ten miles away from here, out in the country, and she says if she takes the train she should still have four miles to walk; and so weak as she is, and the baby only four weeks old, of course that would be impossible; and she wants to know if you would take her in your cab, and she promises to pay you faithfully, as she can get the money.
Every few hundred yards, at particularly bad places, one came across a panel or so of plank fencing; but they were always old and weak, and they generally leaned out over the chasm and did not make any rash promises to hold up people who might need support.
Knightley promises to give up his claim this Christmas though you know it is longer since they were with him, than with us.
Well, it don't signify talking; but when a young man, be who he will, comes and makes love to a pretty girl, and promises marriage, he has no business to fly off from his word only because he grows poor, and a richer girl is ready to have him.
I read it in your eye; it is not of that description which promises the maintenance of an even tenor in life.
He was, and is yet most likely, the wearisomest self-righteous Pharisee that ever ransacked a Bible to rake the promises to himself and fling the curses to his neighbours.