So, when folklorists such as Glassie and Dorst in the late 1980s disassociated themselves from antimodernist postmodernism, they associated themselves with antimodernist modernism, which, paradoxically, is quite promodern
in its antimodernism.
In what proves to be a judicious and cogent reading of promodern
and early modern literacy practices and ideologies, Sanders demonstrates the interlocking relations between the politics of gender and the politics of literacy.
58) David Schak summarizes the great variety of begging methods in promodern
China into three broad categories: positive appeals and tactics, by which beggars maximized and exhibited their pitifulness (in particular, handicaps) to arouse human compassion; remunerative appeals and tactics, by which beggars provided some services (such as performing certain functions at wedding and funeral ceremonies) for alms; and negative appeals and tactics, by which beggars deliberately created nuisances and asked a potential aim-giver pay them for their leave.