Many industrialized Western societies are also still pronatalist
, where women are especially valued for their function as mothers.
This article focuses on policy and program management actions related to implementation of family planning programs; it does not cover other types of coercion, such as involuntary childbearing or forced sterilization caused by stigma and discrimination or pronatalist
policies, though these are critically important from a human rights perspective.
Under that repressive regime, the state implemented a radical pronatalist
policy that outlawed all forms of contraception and banned abortion, except for women older than 45 who had at least five children who were still minors.
This volume investigates five cases of government-backed programs to encourage population growth: Sweden and France's successful pronatalist
programs that support gender equality and the balance between work and family life, and programs in Italy, Japan, and Singapore that have failed, due to ineffective family policies and other aspects.
Politicians, however, emphasized the protective and pronatalist
dimensions of neomaternalism rather than its connection to sex equality.
This stigmatization may come from Muslims, from Christians--most of whom are Catholic and follow the Vatican's position on sexuality--or from proponents of traditions that are pronatalist
Fertility futures: Implications of national pronatalist
policies for adolescent women in Australia.
But Soviet pronatalist
tactics to strengthen families and empire became more utilitarian than revolutionary (Hoffman, 2000).
Several men reproduced pronatalist
assumptions in their comments, constructing childlessness as abnormal and childless people as not living life fully.
During the survey, the possible pronatalist
effect of the asset-based policy was tested.
6% in 2075 Pronatalist
policies to increase fertility and population which were applied in our country from the declaration of the Republic to 1965 led to an increase in the child population.
8) Thus, during the two decades leading up to the introduction of "the Pill"--an era noted for its large baby boom and pronatalist
policies--public support for the free availability and government provision of birth control information remained high and even increased.