The elevated numbers of voluntarily childfree women in the United States call for attention to this specific identity and the impact of common sociopolitical practices and views, which notoriously remain pronatalist
(Mollen, 2006; Moore, 2014).
In addition, even though family planning programs have been implemented successfully in countries outside of Africa, there have been concerns that these programs could have less impact in Sub-Saharan Africa because of the pronatalist
beliefs common in the region.
Nakachi posits that because of the USSR's socialist ideology, it had to distinguish itself from the neoMalthusian, capitalist West, and therefore upheld a pronatalist
stance; yet at the same time, its modernizing mission to alleviate hardship among poor, working women led it to legalize abortion.
What they believe they know of the document is simply that if a woman becomes pregnant, it is God's will that she carry the pregnancy to term without regard for her situation, the overpopulation of the planet, or ecological issues surrounding the white pronatalist
tendencies that some of the group have.
Hence, recently pronatalist
population policy was introduced to encourage childbearing.
Gustavo De Santis, Pronatalist
Policy in Industrialized Nations, demography: analysis and Synthesis; a Treatise in Population Studies 137, 144 (Guillaume Wunsch, Grazieila Caselli & Jacques Vallin eds.
Israeli culture is distinctly pronatalist
(the practice of encouraging the bearing of children), with a strong family orientation in which motherhood is socially mandated and a married childless woman is regarded as unlucky, or even deviant (Berkovitch, 1997; Birenbaum-Carmeli, 2004; Donat, 2011; Remennick, 2006; Teman, 2003).
Against this background, the book delves into the country's policy responses, including conscription and pronatalist
and immigration policies.
Zavisca turns next to the Russian state's efforts, beginning in 2006, to couple its pronatalist
agenda with its continued attempts to develop a housing market.
As marriage is, in general, a child-bearing institution in Sub-Saharan Africa, conversations in marriage could consist of men voicing their disapproval of contraception because of pronatalist
The political enforcement of this motherly expectation was enacted only two decades later under fascist pronatalist
To further back-up its pronatalist
agenda the series of movies were produced that were highlighting the tragedy of abortion, and the posters in women's clinics also provided visually impressive pictures of the consequences of induced abortions (Randall 2011).