proof


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proof

 (pro͞of)
n.
1. The evidence or argument that compels the mind to accept an assertion as true.
2.
a. The validation of a proposition by application of specified rules, as of induction or deduction, to assumptions, axioms, and sequentially derived conclusions.
b. A statement or argument used in such a validation.
3.
a. Convincing or persuasive demonstration: was asked for proof of his identity; an employment history that was proof of her dependability.
b. The state of being convinced or persuaded by consideration of evidence.
4. Determination of the quality of something by testing; trial: put one's beliefs to the proof.
5. Law
a. The establishment of the truth or falsity of an allegation by evidence.
b. The evidence offered in support of or in contravention of an allegation.
6. The alcoholic strength of a liquor, expressed by a number that is twice the percentage by volume of alcohol present.
7. Printing
a. A trial sheet of printed material that is made to be checked and corrected. Also called proof sheet.
b. A trial impression of a plate, stone, or block taken at any of various stages in engraving.
8.
a. A trial photographic print.
b. Any of a limited number of newly minted coins or medals struck as specimens and for collectors from a new die on a polished planchet.
9. Archaic Proven impenetrability: "I was clothed in Armor of proof" (John Bunyan).
adj.
1. Fully or successfully resistant; impervious. Often used in combination: waterproof watches; a fireproof cellar door.
2. Of standard alcoholic strength: proof liquor.
3. Used to proofread or correct typeset copy: a proof copy of the manuscript.
v. proofed, proof·ing, proofs
v.tr.
1. Printing
a. To make a trial impression of (printed or engraved matter).
b. To proofread (copy).
2.
a. To activate (dormant dry yeast) by adding water.
b. To work (dough) into proper lightness.
3. To treat so as to make resistant: proof a fabric against shrinkage.
v.intr.
1. Printing To proofread.
2. To become properly light for cooking: The batter proofed overnight.

[Middle English prove, preve, from Anglo-Norman prove and from Old French prueve, both from Late Latin proba, from Latin probāre, to prove; see prove.]

proof′er n.

proof

(pruːf)
n
1. any evidence that establishes or helps to establish the truth, validity, quality, etc, of something
2. (Law) law the whole body of evidence upon which the verdict of a court is based
3. (Mathematics) maths logic a sequence of steps or statements that establishes the truth of a proposition. See also direct17, induction4, induction8
4. the act of testing the truth of something (esp in the phrase put to the proof)
5. (Law) Scots law trial before a judge without a jury
6. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing a trial impression made from composed type, or a print-out (from a laser printer, etc) for the correction of errors
7. (Art Terms) (in engraving, etc) a print made by an artist or under his supervision for his own satisfaction before he hands the plate over to a professional printer
8. (Photography) photog a trial print from a negative
9. (Brewing)
a. the alcoholic strength of proof spirit
b. the strength of a beverage or other alcoholic liquor as measured on a scale in which the strength of proof spirit is 100 degrees
adj
10. (foll by: against) able to resist; impervious (to): the roof is proof against rain.
11. (Brewing) having the alcoholic strength of proof spirit
12. (Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) of proved strength or impenetrability: proof armour.
vb
13. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) (tr) to take a proof from (type matter, a plate, etc)
14. (Journalism & Publishing) to proofread (text) or inspect (a print, etc), as for approval
15. to render (something) proof, esp to waterproof
[C13: from Old French preuve a test, from Late Latin proba, from Latin probāre to test]

proof

(pruf)

n.
1. evidence sufficient to establish a thing as true or believable.
2. anything serving as such evidence.
3. the act of testing or trying anything; test; trial: to put a thing to the proof.
4. the establishment of the truth of anything; demonstration.
5. (in judicial proceedings) evidence that seems to substantiate or corroborate a charge or allegation.
6. an arithmetical operation serving to check the correctness of a calculation.
7. Math., Logic. a sequence of steps, statements, or demonstrations that leads to a valid conclusion.
8. a test to determine the quality, durability, etc., of materials used in manufacture.
9. the strength of an alcoholic liquor, esp. with reference to the standard whereby 100 proof signifies an alcoholic content of 50 percent.
10. Photog. a trial print from a negative.
11. Print.
a. a trial impression, as of composed type, taken to correct errors and make alterations.
b. one of a number of early and superior impressions taken before the printing of the ordinary issue.
12. one of a limited number of coins of a new issue struck from polished dies on a blank having a polished or matte surface.
13. the state of having been tested.
adj.
14. able to withstand; impenetrable, impervious, or invulnerable: proof against attack; proof against leakage.
15. used for testing or proving; serving as proof.
16. of standard strength, as an alcoholic liquor.
17. of tested or proven strength or quality: proof armor.
v.t.
18. to examine for flaws, errors, etc.; check against a standard.
19. Print. prove (def. 7).
21. to treat or coat for the purpose of rendering resistant to deterioration, damage, etc. (often used in combination).
22.
a. to combine (yeast) with warm water so that a bubbling action occurs.
b. to cause (bread dough, etc.) to rise by adding baker's yeast.
v.i.
23. (of yeast) to bubble or foam when mixed with warm water, milk, etc.
[1175–1225; Middle English prove, prooff, alter. (by association with the vowel of prove) of preove, pref < Middle French preve, proeve < Late Latin proba a test, n. derivative of Latin probāre to approve of, examine, prove]

-proof

a combining form of proof, with the meaning “resistant, impervious to” that specified by the initial element: childproof; waterproof.

proof

(pro͞of)
A demonstration of the truth of a mathematical or logical statement, based on axioms and theorems derived from these axioms.

proof

  • evidence, proof - Evidence—from Latin e-, "out," and videre, "to see"— is information that helps form a conclusion; proof is factual information that verifies a conclusion.
  • proof in the pudding - A shortening of the saying "the proof of the pudding is in the eating," i.e. a thing is tested by putting it to its intended use.
  • proof - The strength of alcohol.
  • adduce - To cite as an instance or as proof or evidence.

proof


Past participle: proofed
Gerund: proofing

Imperative
proof
proof
Present
I proof
you proof
he/she/it proofs
we proof
you proof
they proof
Preterite
I proofed
you proofed
he/she/it proofed
we proofed
you proofed
they proofed
Present Continuous
I am proofing
you are proofing
he/she/it is proofing
we are proofing
you are proofing
they are proofing
Present Perfect
I have proofed
you have proofed
he/she/it has proofed
we have proofed
you have proofed
they have proofed
Past Continuous
I was proofing
you were proofing
he/she/it was proofing
we were proofing
you were proofing
they were proofing
Past Perfect
I had proofed
you had proofed
he/she/it had proofed
we had proofed
you had proofed
they had proofed
Future
I will proof
you will proof
he/she/it will proof
we will proof
you will proof
they will proof
Future Perfect
I will have proofed
you will have proofed
he/she/it will have proofed
we will have proofed
you will have proofed
they will have proofed
Future Continuous
I will be proofing
you will be proofing
he/she/it will be proofing
we will be proofing
you will be proofing
they will be proofing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been proofing
you have been proofing
he/she/it has been proofing
we have been proofing
you have been proofing
they have been proofing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been proofing
you will have been proofing
he/she/it will have been proofing
we will have been proofing
you will have been proofing
they will have been proofing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been proofing
you had been proofing
he/she/it had been proofing
we had been proofing
you had been proofing
they had been proofing
Conditional
I would proof
you would proof
he/she/it would proof
we would proof
you would proof
they would proof
Past Conditional
I would have proofed
you would have proofed
he/she/it would have proofed
we would have proofed
you would have proofed
they would have proofed

proof

A trial image taken of a print.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.proof - any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of somethingproof - any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something; "if you have any proof for what you say, now is the time to produce it"
evidence, grounds - your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief; "the evidence that smoking causes lung cancer is very compelling"
confirmation, substantiation, verification, check - additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; "fossils provided further confirmation of the evolutionary theory"
validation, establishment - the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof
2.proof - a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
logic - the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
mathematical proof - proof of a mathematical theorem
logical proof - proof of a logical theorem
monstrance, demonstration - proof by a process of argument or a series of proposition proving an asserted conclusion
argument, statement - a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was true"
3.proof - a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume)
quantity, measure, amount - how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
4.proof - (printing) an impression made to check for errorsproof - (printing) an impression made to check for errors
printing, impression - all the copies of a work printed at one time; "they ran off an initial printing of 2000 copies"
galley proof - a proof taken before the type is broken up to print pages
foundry proof - a proof taken from a form before duplicate plates are made
printing process, printing - reproduction by applying ink to paper as for publication
5.proof - a trial photographic print from a negative
photographic print, print - a printed picture produced from a photographic negative
6.proof - the act of validatingproof - the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something
determination, finding - the act of determining the properties of something, usually by research or calculation; "the determination of molecular structures"
authentication, certification - validating the authenticity of something or someone
documentation, support - documentary validation; "his documentation of the results was excellent"; "the strongest support for this view is the work of Jones"
monetisation, monetization - establishing something (e.g. gold or silver) as the legal tender of a country
probate - the act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and executed in accord with legal requirements
Verb1.proof - make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset
produce, create, make - create or manufacture a man-made product; "We produce more cars than we can sell"; "The company has been making toys for two centuries"
2.proof - knead to reach proper lightness; "proof dough"
knead, work - make uniform; "knead dough"; "work the clay until it is soft"
3.proof - read for errors; "I should proofread my manuscripts"
insure, see to it, ensure, ascertain, check, assure, control, see - be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; "He verified that the valves were closed"; "See that the curtains are closed"; "control the quality of the product"
4.proof - activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk; "proof yeast"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
5.proof - make resistant (to harm); "proof the materials against shrinking in the dryer"
bombproof - make safe against bombings
bulletproof - make bulletproof; "bulletproof the car"
childproof, child-proof - make safe against children; "childproof the apartment"
foolproof, goofproof, goof-proof - proof against human misuse or error; "foolproof this appliance"
fireproof - make resistant to fire
weatherproof - make resistant to bad weather
strengthen - gain strength; "His body strengthened"
Adj.1.proof - (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand; "temptation-proof"; "childproof locks"
imperviable, impervious - not admitting of passage or capable of being affected; "a material impervious to water"; "someone impervious to argument"

proof

noun
2. (Printing) trial print, pull, slip, galley, page proof, galley proof, trial impression I'm correcting the proofs of the Spanish edition right now.
adjective
1. impervious, strong, tight, resistant, impenetrable, repellent The fortress was proof against attack.
Proverbs
"The proof of the pudding is in the eating"

proof

noun
2. A fact or circumstance that gives logical support to an assertion, claim, or proposal:
argument, ground (often used in plural), reason, wherefore, why.
Idiom: why and wherefore.
3. A procedure that ascertains effectiveness, value, proper function, or other quality:
adjective
Having the capacity to withstand:
Translations
بُرْهانبُرْهَانمِسْوَدَّةُ الطَّبْعنُسْخَة اولى من شيءٍ مَطْبوع
důkazkorekturanátiskobtah
bevisprøvetrykkorrektur
todistetodistus
dokazotisak za korekturu
bizonyításbizonyítékkorrektúranyers kép
próförkprufumyndsönnun
校正刷り証拠
교정쇄증거
bandomoji nuotraukakorektūranepralaidus
korektūraparaugnovilkumspierādījums
nátlačobťah
dokaz
beviskorrektur
ข้อพิสูจน์ปรู๊ฟ
kanıtbaskı provasıdelildeneme baskısıilk tabedilen
bản in thửbằng chứng

proof

[pruːf]
A. N
1. (= evidence) → prueba(s) f(pl)
do you have any proof of this?¿tienes pruebas de esto?
it is proof that he is innocenteso prueba su inocencia
as (a) or in proof ofcomo or en prueba de
the burden of proof is or falls on himsobre él recae la tarea de demostrar su inocencia
by way of proofa modo de prueba
to give or show proof of sth/thatdemostrar algo/que ...
you will need proof of identitynecesitará algo que acredite su identidad
to be living proof of sthser prueba viviente de algo
proof positiveprueba f concluyente
to obtain a refund you must produce proof of purchasepara cualquier devolución necesitará el comprobante de compra
2. (= test, trial) → prueba f
to put sth to the proofponer algo a prueba
the proof of the pudding (is in the eating)para saber si algo es bueno hay que probarlo
3. (Typ, Phot) → prueba f
to correct or read the proofscorregir las pruebas
see also galley B
see also page 1 B
4. [of alcohol] → graduación f (alcohólica)
it is 70 degrees prooftiene una graduación del 40% (US) → tiene una graduación del 35%
over proofcon una graduación alcohólica superior al 57,1%
under or below proofcon una graduación alcohólica inferior al 57,1%
5. (= security, safeguard) → protección f (against contra) knowledge is no proof against certain kinds of disasterel saber no es protección contra ciertas clases de desastre
6. (Math, Geom) → prueba f
B. ADJ
1. [alcohol] → de graduación normal
2. (= secure)
to be proof against sthestar a prueba de algo
it is proof against moistureestá a prueba de la humedad
I'm not proof against temptationno soy insensible a la tentación
C. VT
1. [+ fabric, tent] → impermeabilizar
2. (= proofread) → corregir las pruebas de
D. CPD proof copy Ncopia f para la lectura de pruebas
proof sheet N (Typ, Phot) → prueba f
proof spirit N (Brit, Canada) → licor m de graduación normal
proof stage Nfase f de lectura de pruebas
to be at proof stageestar en la fase de lectura de pruebas

proof

[ˈpruːf]
n
(= evidence) → preuve f
What proof have you? → Quelle preuve avez-vous ?
to establish proof of sth → établir la preuve de qch
to be proof positive of sth → être la preuve de qch
(= way of proving) → preuve f
[book] → épreuve f
to correct the proofs of a book → corriger les épreuves d'un livre proof copy
(PHOTOGRAPHY)épreuve f
(= measure of alcohol content) to be 70° proof → titrer 40 degrés
adj
to be proof against sth → être à l'épreuve de qch
vt (British) [+ tent, anorak] → imperméabiliserproof copy népreuve fproof of identity n
(= document) → pièce f d'identité
(= attestation of identity) → preuve f d'identitéproof of postage npreuve m d'expéditionproof of purchase npreuve f d'achat

proof

n
Beweis m(of für); you’ll need more proof than thatdie Beweise reichen nicht aus; as proof ofals or zum Beweis für; to put something to the proofetw auf die Probe stellen; (Tech) → etw erproben; that is proof that …das ist der Beweis dafür, dass …; to give or show proof of somethingetw nachweisen, den Nachweis für etw liefern; can you give us any proof of that?können Sie (uns) dafür Beweise liefern?; show me your proofbeweisen Sie (mir) das; what proof is there that he meant it?und was beweist, dass er es ernst gemeint hat?; proof of purchase (= receipt)Kaufbeleg m
(= test, trial)Probe f; withstanding these conditions is the proof of a good paintes ist der Beweis für die Qualität einer Farbe, wenn sie solchen Bedingungen standhält; the proof of the pudding is in the eating (Prov) → Probieren or probieren geht über Studieren or studieren (Prov)
(Typ) → (Korrektur)fahne f; (Phot) → Probeabzug m
(of alcohol)Alkoholgehalt m; 70% proof˜ 40 Vol-%
adj (= resistant) to be proof against fire/bulletsfeuersicher/kugelsicher sein; to be proof against waterwasserdicht sein; proof against inflationinflationssicher
vt
(against water) → imprägnieren
(Typ) (= make proof)einen Korrekturabzug herstellen; (= read proof)Korrektur lesen

proof

:
proofread
proofreader
nKorrektor(in) m(f)
proofreading
nKorrekturlesen nt; at the proof stageim Korrekturstadium
proof sheet
n (Typ) → Korrekturfahne f/-bogen m; (= trial print)Probedruck m/-abzug m

proof

[pruːf]
1. n
a. (evidence) → prova (Math) → dimostrazione f
proof of identity → documento d'identità
I have proof that he did it → ho le prove che è stato lui a farlo
as or in proof of → come prova or testimonianza di
to give or show proof of → dar prova di
b. (test, trial) to put sth to the proofmettere alla prova qc
c. (Typ) → bozza, prova di stampa (Phot) → provino
d. (of alcohol) 70% proof40° (alcolici)
2. adj to be proof againstessere a prova di
3. vt (tent, anorak) → impermeabilizzare

proof

(pruːf) noun
1. (a piece of) evidence, information etc that shows definitely that something is true. We still have no proof that he is innocent.
2. a first copy of a printed sheet, that can be corrected before the final printing. She was correcting the proofs of her novel.
3. in photography, the first print from a negative.
-proof
able to withstand or avoid something. waterproof covering.

proof

بُرْهَان, مِسْوَدَّةُ الطَّبْع důkaz, korektura bevis, prøvetryk Beweismittel, Korrekturfahne αποδεικτικό στοιχείο, απόδειξη prueba todiste épreuve, preuve dokaz, otisak za korekturu bozza, prova 校正刷り, 証拠 교정쇄, 증거 bewijs, proefafdruk bevis, prøvetrykk badanie, dowód comprovante, prova доказательство, подтверждение bevis, korrektur ข้อพิสูจน์, ปรู๊ฟ deneme baskısı, kanıt bản in thử, bằng chứng 校样, 证据

proof

n. prueba, comprobación;
v. probar, demostrar.
References in classic literature ?
she said, turning to find fresh proof of it in the respectful sympathy of the young man's face.
He had just jumped to his feet, hurried past Will Henderson who was reading proof in the printshop and started to run along the alleyway.
The poor fellow has saved his scalp," said Hawkeye, coolly passing his hand over the head of David; "but he is a proof that a man may be born with too long a tongue
After they were gone, we picked up one hundred and twenty- five pounds weight of bullets, besides what stuck in the logs of our fort; which certainly is a great proof of their industry.
At another time Christie would have questioned the convincing quality of this proof, but she was too much shocked at her father's first suggestion, to think of anything else.
In proof of the authenticity of this legendary renown, Hepzibah could have exhibited the shell of a great egg, which an ostrich need hardly have been ashamed of.
It behoves you; therefore, to exhort her to repentance and to confession, as a proof and consequence thereof.
It is a great triumph of skill to gain the former, but a still greater proof of generalship to maintain possession of the latter, for man must battle for his fortress at every door and window.
Driving at that hour, on a lovely day, through a country to which the summer sweetness seemed to offer me a friendly welcome, my fortitude mounted afresh and, as we turned into the avenue, encountered a reprieve that was probably but a proof of the point to which it had sunk.
Not only that, but the subtle insanity of Ahab respecting Moby Dick was noways more significantly manifested than in his superlative sense and shrewdness in foreseeing that, for the present, the hunt should in some way be stripped of that strange imaginative impiousness which naturally invested it; that the full terror of the voyage must be kept withdrawn into the obscure background (for few men's courage is proof against protracted meditation unrelieved by action); that when they stood their long night watches, his officers and men must have some nearer things to think of than Moby Dick.
In the first place, in curious proof of the fact that the above-mentioned law is still in force, I proceed to lay before you a circumstance that happened within the last two years.
I will give four hundred dollars for him alive, and the same sum for satisfactory proof that he has been killed.